Описание CD

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  Исполнитель(и) :
◄◄◄        ►►►

  Наименование CD :
   Lecons De Tenebres. Motet, Verset



Год издания : 1997

Компания звукозаписи : Erato

Время звучания : 47:29

Код CD : 0630-17067-2

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Sacred Music (Master Works)      

William Christie, Les Arts Florissants

Recording 14-17/10/1996, Salle Wagram, Paris

см. также исполнение

Lecons de Tenebres, for treble voice (or 2 treble voices) & continuo

Francois Couperin, called "le grand" to distinguish him from other members of his illustrious musical family, was principally known as a keyboard composer. He published four large volumes of keyboard music and a learned treatise on keyboard ornamentation; J.S. Bach even knew some of Couperin's harpsichord music. Yet as one of the favored organists within the French Chapelle Royale, Francois Couperin also was required to compose and perform sacred music for some of the greater feasts of the liturgical year. Couperin's contemporary Delalande served the Sun King with grand motets that deployed vast choral and instrumental forces; Couperin preferred smaller forms. It is thus in the realm of the petit motet where Couperin the miniaturist shines. His three Lecons de Tenebres encapsulate the extreme pathos of their Lamentations texts within an intimate musical space.

In Couperin's time, the Catholic Church had been singing texts from the Lamentations of Jeremiah as a solemn observance of Holy Week for many centuries. For each of three nights - Holy Wednesday, Maundy Thursday, and Good Friday - the evening service of "Tenebrae" contained three lessons from the Old Testament book of Lamentations, and concluded by plunging the church into darkness. However, advances in music and fashion had somewhat changed the nature of the service. Many of the smarter set in Paris went to the Abbey of Longchamp on the outskirts of town to hear splendid operatic singers perform the Lessons; the church even charged admission. Couperin apparently wrote his Tenebrae Lessons for this very Abbey. Unfortunately, only three of Couperin's nine lessons survive. He published these three in the mid-1710s, between his first and second keyboard volumes; his preface refers to the composition of further lessons. The three surviving lessons (two for soprano and basso continuo, the third for soprano duet) serve the liturgy of Holy Wednesday and set the first 14 chapters of Lamentations 1. Couperin preserves the Hebrew letters that begin each verse; the poetic letters point out the acrostic nature of the original poem. Each letter he then sets in a lush, melismatic style. The bulk of the text arrives in a rich mixture of restrained French recitative style and daringly chromatic Italian arioso; highly dissonant ornaments encrust the surface. The entire piece slowly builds in expressive power: Couperin extends and embellishes the "Jerusalem, convertere" that concludes each lesson; the entire third lesson blossoms into duet textures, brimming with dissonant suspensions.

- Timothy Dickey (All Music Guide)


  Соисполнители :

Anne Marie Lasla (Bass Viola)
Charles Zebley (Flute)
Emilia Benjamin (Violin)
Marc Hantai (Flute)
Monica Huggett (Violin)
Patricia Petibon (Soprano Voice)
Sophie Daneman (Soprano Voice)
William Christie (Harpsichord)


№ п/п

Наименование трека

Текст

Длительность

Комментарий
   1 1. Incipit Lamentio         0:00:39 Premiere Lecon De Tenebres Pour Le Mercredi Saint
   2 2. Aleph         0:02:08 -"-
   3 3. Beth         0:03:32 -"-
   4 4. Ghimel         0:01:39 -"-
   5 5. Daleth         0:02:05 -"-
   6 6. He         0:02:36 -"-
   7 7. Jerusalem         0:02:51 -"-
   8 1. Vav         0:01:56 Deuxieme Lecon De Tenebres Pour Le Mercredi Saint
   9 2. Zain         0:02:59 -"-
   10 3. Heth         0:01:42 -"-
   11 4. Teth         0:02:35 -"-
   12 5. Jerusalem         0:02:30 -"-
   13 1. Yod         0:01:40 Troisieme Lecon De Tenebres Pour Le Mercredi Saint
   14 2. Caph         0:01:45 -"-
   15 3. Lamed         0:02:38 -"-
   16 4. Mem         0:01:44 -"-
   17 5.Nun         0:01:55 -"-
   18 6. Jerusalem         0:01:58 -"-
   19 1. Tabescere Me Fecit         0:01:20 Versets (4) D'un Motet Compose De L'ordre Du Roy...On y Joint Le Verset "Qui Dat Nivem", For Voice(s) & Continuo
   20 2. Ignitum Eloquium         0:02:26 -"-
   21 3. Adolescentus Sum Ego         0:02:51 -"-
   22 4. Justitia Tua         0:02:01 -"-

      Обозначения:

 T   'щелкнуть' - переход к тексту композиции.

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