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  Наименование CD :
   44 Duos For Two Violins



Год издания : 2002

Компания звукозаписи : ECM, (wb)

Время звучания : 58:21

Код CD : ECM New Series 1729

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Classics (Symphony)      

Recorded October 1999, Propstei St. Gerold, Austria

Bela Bartok wrote his "44 Duos for Two Violins" in 1932 for inclusion in Freiburg music teacher and musicologist Erich Doflein's systematic violin method, the Geigenschulwerk. Doflein advocated a form of progressive musical education which would introduce the violin student to the grammar of new music and older music, as well as to ontemporary playing techniques. With the "44 Duos", the further intention was to increase awareness of the beauties and idiosyncrasies of folk music. "In their first few years of learning, students should be familiarised with pieces that possess the artless simplicity of folk music but also its melodic and rhythmic peculiarities," said Bartok, who based all but two of the Violin Duos on original folk tunes that embrace a wide variety of ethnic origins: Romanian, Ruthenian, Serbian, Ukrainian, and Arabic - as well as Slovak and Hungarian.

As with his "Mikrokosmos" pieces for piano, the "44 Duos" transcend, of course, mere pedagogic intent. This is very finely-crafted music that bears out Hanns Eisler's assessment: "Had Bartok written nothing but his arrangements of Romanian, Slovakian and Hungarian peasant songs and dances, he would nonetheless number among the great masters in the history of music." For Bartok did not merely record and preserve folk music in the Duos; he merged progressive sonic concepts with old rules of part-writing, and married the "spontaneous expression of musical feeling" and unusual scales which he found in folk music with the broader harmonic palette of new music. Thus the apparently simple and often delightful wedding songs, harvest songs, soldier's songs and lullabies collected in the "44 Duos" repay the very closest attention. "Bartok's miniatures, some of which take no more than 30 seconds to play, were long treated as pure studies rather than what they actually are: attenuated tonal resources not withstanding, these are challenging character pieces on a par with Schumann's 'Kinderszenen'. Easy to underestimate, they pose the same problems of interpretation summed up by the bon mot about Mozart's piano sonatas: too simple for children, too difficult for adults" (Wolfgang Sandner in the CD booklet notes).

In the cycle as published, the pieces are graded in terms of their technical demands, complexity increasing as the student progresses. However Bartok requested that for performances a new order be determined. Andras Keller and producer Manfred Eicher have integrated the pieces here into a particularly satisfying dramaturgical flow. 45 duos, in fact appear in the cycle on this occasion, as Keller and Pilz play both variations of the 36th duo, "Bagpipes". The recording is rounded out with pieces from Bartok's most important 'successors', Gyorgy Ligeti and Gyorgy Kurtag. Ligeti and Kurtag have assimilated the influence of Bartok and share his interest in Hungarian folk music. Ligeti, inspired by Bartok's example, also collected Romanian folk songs; his "Ballad and Dance" is based upon one of them. And Kurtag, again taking his cue from Bartok ("Bartok is my mother tongue") viewed his own "Jatekok" collection of "children's games" as a contemporary follow-up to the "Mikrokosmos" teaching pieces. Andras Keller and Janosz Pilz previously recorded two versions of the "Ligatura" (with the Keller Quartet plus the composer on celesta), on the ECM Kurtag album, "Musik fur Streichinstrumente".

What is addressed, then, on this album is the creative continuum of Hungarian music - its three most important 20th century composers, its folk tradition, and two of its most outstanding players. As Paul Griffiths noted recently, "Thanks partly to a rich store of folk music that survived in everyday use long enough to be recorded, partly to Bartok's example and partly to an unusual vigour in musical education at all levels, Hungary has been providing the world with composers and performing musicians out of all proportion to the size of its population."

Work with Andrrs Keller and Janosz Pilz in the Keller Quartet continues at ECM. Forthcoming releases include: Alexander Knaifel's "In Air Clean and Unseen" for piano and string quartet, with Oleg Malov; Shostakovich's 15th String Quartet; and Schnittke's Piano Quintet, with Alexander Lubimov.

www.ecmrecords.com


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   1 'Erdelyi' Tanc (Transylvanian Song)         0:02:12 Bela Bartok - Duos (44) For 2 Violins, Volumes 1-4, Sz. 98, BB 104
   2 Olah Nota (Rumanian Song)         0:00:54 -"-
   3 Ruten Kolomejka (Ruthenian Kolomejka)         0:01:03 -"-
   4 Ruten Nota (Ruthenian Song)         0:01:16 -"-
   5 Gyermekrengeteskor (Lullaby)         0:01:21 -"-
   6 Menyasszonybucsuztato (Wedding Song)         0:01:22 -"-
   7 Tot Nota II (Slovak Song II)         0:01:14 -"-
   8 Jatek (Play)         0:00:43 -"-
   9 Parnas Tanc (Cushion Dance)         0:00:48 -"-
   10 Dal (Song)         0:01:36 -"-
   11 Ujevkoszonto IV (New Year's Greeting IV)         0:00:44 -"-
   12 Maramarosi Tanc (Dance From Maramaros)         0:00:41 -"-
   13 Ujevkoszonto I (New Year's Greeting I)         0:02:19 -"-
   14 Szenagy Ujteskor (Hay-harvesting Song)         0:01:14 -"-
   15 Lakodalmas (Wedding Song)         0:01:30 -"-
   16 Szamlalo Nota (Countin Song)         0:00:58 -"-
   17 Arataskor (Harvest Song)         0:01:55 -"-
   18 Mese (Fairy Tale)         0:01:17 -"-
   19 Ujevkoszonto II (New Year's Greeting II)         0:00:55 -"-
   20 Kalamajko (Dance)         0:00:42 -"-
   21 Menuetto         0:00:57 -"-
   22 'Ugyan Edes Komamasszony ...' (Teasing Song)         0:00:34 -"-
   23 Ujevkoszonto III (New Year's Greeting III)         0:00:53 -"-
   24 Parosito (Teasing Song)         0:00:54 -"-
   25 Szunyogtanc (Mosquito Dance)         0:00:32 -"-
   26 Santa-tanc (Limping Dance)         0:00:34 -"-
   27 Magyar Nota I (Hungarian Song I)         0:01:02 -"-
   28 Magyar Nota II (Hungarian Song II)         0:00:58 -"-
   29 Katonanota (Soldiers' Song)         0:01:03 -"-
   30 Szentivaneji (Midsummer Night Song)         0:00:49 -"-
   31 Burleszk (Burlesque)         0:01:01 -"-
   32 Menetelo Nota I (Marching Song I)         0:00:50 -"-
   33 Menetelo Nota II (Marching Song II)         0:00:53 -"-
   34 Bankodas (Sorrow)         0:02:28 -"-
   35 Szol A Duda (Bagpipes)         0:02:05 -"-
   36 Tot Nota I (Slovak Song I)         0:01:02 -"-
   37 Szol A Duda (Bagpipes)         0:02:07 -"-
   38 Preludium Es Kanon (Prelude And Canon)         0:02:52 -"-
   39 Forgatos (Rumanian Whirling Dance)         0:00:45 -"-
   40 Trefas Nota (Gay Song)         0:00:43 -"-
   41 Pizziccato         0:01:13 -"-
   42 Olah Tanc (Rumanian Dance)         0:00:50 -"-
   43 Arab Dal (Arabian Song)         0:01:21 -"-
   44 Scherzo         0:00:48 -"-
   45 Szerb Tanc (Serbian Dance)         0:00:54 -"-
   46 I. Ballad         0:01:28 Ligeti Gyorgy : Ballad And Dance - Two Violins Duos After Romanian Folk Song
   47 II. Dance         0:01:20 -"-
   48 Ligatura - Message To Frances-Marie, Op. 31b For Two Violins         0:02:41 Kurtag Gyorgy

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