Описание CD

вернуться        закрыть окно  

 


  Исполнитель(и) :
◄◄◄        ►►►

  Наименование CD :
   Lassus



Год издания : 1998

Компания звукозаписи : ECM

Время звучания : 1:03:14

Код CD : ECM New Series 1658 (453 841-2)

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Classics (Reconstruction)      

Recorded November 1993 at Boxgrove Priory, Chichester

Europe's foremost vocal ensemble performs two of the most important works by that enormously prolific master of 16th century polyphony, Orlande [Roland] de Lassus, otherwise known as Orlando di Lasso (born in Mons, Hainaut in 1532, died in Munich in 1594). The Hilliard Ensemble has sung Lassus's compositions since the group's inception. As John Potter says of the Prophetiae Sibyllarum : "They are among the finest expressions of a renaissance musical ideal: an attempt to recover from an imagined past a fusion of rhetoric and chromaticism, in which Lassus stretched the compositional boundaries of his own time and laid down a challenge to performers of ours."

Lassus wrote more than 2,000 works in diverse genres, including masses, motets, psalms, hymns, responsorial Passions and secular pieces in Italian, French and German. His motets include didactic pieces, ceremonial works for special occasions, settings of classical texts (some secular, the Prophetiae Sibyllarum among them), liturgical works and private devotional pieces. Lassus issued five volumes of sacred music as Patrocinium musices (1573-6). After his death, his sons assembled another, the Magnum opus musicum of 1604.

Little is known of Lassus's early life. The stories of the choirboy with the golden voice, kidnapped three times before the age of 12, are most likely apocryphal. It is thought that he began to compose while in Naples working for Constantino Castrioto circa 1550, after which he moved to Rome, becoming maestro di cappella of St John Lateran in 1553. John Potter: "It is possible he was in Rome at the time of the great debate on chromaticism between Lusitano and Vicentino in 1551. Both these theorists were trying to establish the nature of the ancient Greek music, the former (who was judged the winner) using the evidence to support a diatonic (and conservative) compositional method, and the latter proposing a more radical chromaticism. The young Lassus was on the side of the radicals..." In 1556 he joined the court chapel of Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria as a singer, becoming Kapellmeister of the Bavarian court in 1563. In this capacity he served the Duke and his successor, Wilhelm V, for 30 years. Many of his works were published while he held this position and he also travelled widely, consolidating his international reputation as composer and singer.

John Potter on the Prophetiae Sibyllarum: "The words for the introductory Carmina Cromatico are probably by Lassus himself, the title referring to the complex dissonances and tuning of this extraordinary work. It is the shortest of the collection, and tonal disorientation begins almost immediately...In the first eight bars there are chords on all but one of the twelve chromatic semitones. This is word-painting in excelsis. The homophonic texture enables Lassus to express the text with the immediacy of renaissance rhetoric, while the continually shifting pitch-centres prepare the listener for the bizarre mixture of pagan hysteria and Christian epigram which are to come... The Sibylline Prophesies were a gift from the young Lassus to his patron, and were not published until after the composer's death. Lassus, who was fluent in all the compositional techniques of his day, put aside extreme chromaticism and did not return to it. Such music, known as musica reservata, was unique and performances were reserved for cognoscenti..."

www.ecmrecords.com/Background/Background_1658.php

========= from the cover ==========

Lassus and the Sibyls

The appropriation of ancient pagan culture by Christianity is surely one of the most extraordinary ironies of western culture, and it is nicely symbolised by the Prophetiae Sybillarum of Orlando di Lasso and the Dies irae from the requiem mass, both of which refer to the sayings of the Sibyl, a mythical soothsayer whose origins are lost in the mists of antiquity. Lassus made two settings of the requiem, both which are hard to date on stylistic grounds because of the conservative nature of the genre. This recording is of the version published in 1578; it has low bass intonations, an odd feature which may have had something to do with the talents of a particular cleric, or been a response to some aspect of the Council of Trent whose deliberations came to a close in 1563. The Dies irae was one of four sequences to survive the Council, but as was customary at the time Lassus did not set it poly-phonically. He certainly would have heard it chanted at the Munich chapel of Duke Albrecht V of Bavaria, where he was employed from 1556 until his death in 1594. The third line of the Dies irae contains the famous phrase 'teste David cum Sibylla', possibly a reference to the Erythraean Sibyl, which shows that the Sibylline legend was thriving in the mid-13th century when the sequence was written.

Born in Mons in 1532, Lassus went to Italy at the age of twelve in the service of the Mantuan court of the Gonzagas. His earliest compositions are thought to date from his time in Naples and Rome between about 1550 and 1555. Lassus clearly knew the music of Cipriano da Rore, whose highly chromatic madrigal Calami sonum ferentes he used as a model for his own motet Alma nemes and it is possible that he was in Rome at the time of the great debate on chromaticism between Lusitano and Vicentino in 1551. Both these theorists were trying to establish the nature of the ancient Greek music, the former (who was judged the winner) using the evidence to support a diatonic (and conservative) compositional method, and the latter proposing a more radical chromaticism. The young Lassus was on the side of the radicals, and within a few years of this great debate had produced the Prophetiae Sibyllarum, which were copied in the composer's own hand soon after his arrival in Munich. The partbooks contain pictures by the court painter Hans Mielich of each of the Sibyls, and of Lassus himself aged about 28.

It is possible that Lassus was inspired to set the Sibylline verses by a visit to Cumae sometime during his years in Naples. There is no evidence that he went there, and he would not have seen the actual cave of the Cumaean Sibyl as this was not properly excavated until 1932, but he could have seen the remains of the temple of Apollo or one of the old Roman tunnels where it was thought that the Sibyl, silent since the third century BC, had had her lair. Even today this strange volcanic landscape to the north of the Bay of Naples has a menacing magic about it (Lake Avernus, where Orpheus entered the underworld, is close by). It is not over-fanciful to imagine the young humanist musician recalling the power of such a place when he came to make his own contribution to the new music a few years later. It seems that originally there may have been just one much-travelled ur-Sibyl, who, possibly as early as the 8th century BC established localised cult centres in the Mediterranean area and Asia Minor (perhaps when she was no longer capable of travelling herself). These eventually became Sibyls in their own right. The origin of the term 'Sibyl' is unknown, but it came to mean a prophetess associated with a particular centre, where doom-laden utterances in Greek hexameters would be issued. These verses have mostly not survived. From about the third century BC the Hellenized Alexandrian Jews began to appropriate the medium for their own anti-Roman purposes, and it is these writings that were in turn revised and added to by the early Christians to become the pseudo-Oracula Sibyllina, which fortell the birth of Christ and were much commended by Augustine and others. Interest in the Sibyls resurfaced in the late fifteenth century, with several examples of paintings or wood-block prints accompanied by a line of prophesy. The first appearance of the Latin verses used by Lassus is in a Venetian print of 1481, and Lassus probably used the 1545 or 1555 prints of these texts. During the later middle ages and renaissance the Sibyls were favourite subjects for religious sculpture and painting, and the high point of their journey from pagan ramblings to Christian symbolism came when Michelangelo put five of them oh the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel alongside seven Old Testament prophets.

The words for the introductory Carmina Cromatico are probably by Lassus himself, the title referring to the complex dissonances and tuning of this extraordinary work. It is the shortest of the collection, and tonal disorientation begins almost immediately. The tenor begins 'Carmina' on G, which would lead the listener to expect the Mixolydian mode; in fact a C chord is inserted before one on G, after which we reach the word 'chromatico', where Lassus takes off into B major, C sharp minor and E major in rapid succession, makes a brief rhetorical pause and then jumps to F sharp minor, completely destablizing any potential tonal centre. In the first eight bars there are chords on all but one of the twelve chromatic semitones. This is word-painting in excelsis. The homophonic texture enables Lassus to express the text with the immediacy of renaissance rhetoric, while the continually shifting pitch-centres prepare the listener for the bizarre mixture of pagan hysteria and Christian epigram which are to come. Yet despite this apparent verticality, the piece has a strong linear element, suggesting that Lassus was not only the complete master of his materials but that he was aware of the problems his singers would have. The individual lines are quite melodic, with parts crossing to avoid consecutives or awkward vocal leaps (no one ever has to sing a tritone). The piece only stays in tune if sung with just intonation, in effect negotiating each chord individually, and this is much easier to achieve if the singers have, a line which evolves musically. In fact, the overall shape of this little introduction has an almost physical dimension to it, as the chords gradually shift their way upwards before descending in the last two bars. Perhaps Lassus had in mind the difficult path from the sea to the Sibyl's cave at Cumae.

The Sibylline Prophesies were a gift from the young Lassus to his patron, and were not published until after the composer's death. Lassus, who was fluent in all the compositional techniques of his day, put aside extreme chromaticism and did not return to it. Such music, known as musica reservata, was unique, and performances were reserved for cognoscenti such as the king of France who was so astonished when he heard them in 1571. They are among the finest expressions of a renaissance musical ideal: an attempt to recover from an imagined past a fusion of rhetoric and chromaticism, in which Lassus stretched the compositional boundaries of his own time and laid down a challenge to performers of ours.

-John Potter


  Соисполнители :

David James (Countertenor Voice)
Gordon Jones (Baritone Voice)
John Potter (Tenor Voice)
Rogers Covey-Crump (Tenor Voice)


№ п/п

Наименование трека

Текст

Длительность

Комментарий
   1 Responsorium: Memento Mei Deus         0:01:48 Missa Pro Defunctis
   2 Introitus         0:06:12 -"-
   3 Kyrie         0:03:19 -"-
   4 Graduale         0:05:02 -"-
   5 Offertorium         0:05:37 -"-
   6 Agnus Dei         0:04:32 -"-
   7 Sanctus & Benedictus         0:03:04 -"-
   8 Communio         0:03:24 -"-
   9 Antiphona: In Paradisum         0:01:26 -"-
   10 Carmina Chromatico         0:01:36 Prophetiae Sibyllarum
   11 Sybilla Persica         0:02:32 -"-
   12 Sybilla Libyca         0:02:41 -"-
   13 Sybilla Delphica         0:02:16 -"-
   14 Sybilla Cimmeria         0:02:17 -"-
   15 Sybilla Samia         0:01:54 -"-
   16 Sybilla Cumana         0:02:16 -"-
   17 Sybilla Hellespontiaca         0:02:07 -"-
   18 Sybilla Phrygia         0:01:55 -"-
   19 Sybilla Europaea         0:02:15 -"-
   20 Sybilla Tiburtina         0:02:12 -"-
   21 Sybilla Erythraea         0:02:26 -"-
   22 Sybilla Agrippa         0:02:24 -"-

      Обозначения:

 T   'щелкнуть' - переход к тексту композиции.

вернуться        закрыть окно

Последние изменения в документе сделаны 20/10/2016 22:07:50

Главная страница коллекции

Collection main page