Описание CD

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  Исполнитель(и) :
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  Наименование CD :
   3 Sonatas. Syrinx



Год издания : 1989/1967

Компания звукозаписи : Philips

Время звучания : 45:25

Код CD : phi 422 839-2

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Classics (Symphony)      

Recorded:

1-3 Recorded - The Netherlands 7/1962.

4-6 Recorded - Switzerland 11/1964.

7-10 Recorded - The Netherlands 10/1966.

========= from the cover ==========

Three Sonatas By A French Musician

Ill with cancer, his end already nearing, Debussy had not been able to participate actively when war broke out in 1914. Instead he decided, understandably, to use his art for his political nationalism. So he began in 1915 his Sonata for Cello and Piano, intending it to be the first of a set of six sonatas for various combinations of instruments. The title made his purpose clear - "Six Sonatas for various instruments composed by Claude Debussy Musicien francais." But the three works recorded here were the only ones he completed.

Except for the short "Danses pour harpe" (1904), Debussy had written no chamber music since the String Quartet of 1893. It was possibly a certain hesitancy at returning to "absolute" music which made him choose a title for the cello sonata - "Pierrot fache avec la lune" (Pierrot angry with the moon), and to draw inspiration from Italian comedy. The title was later abandoned, but the whimsical, melancholy air of a Watteauesque bouffonnerie remained, to be expressed by the prodigious technical feats required of the cello (Debussy reduces the accompaniment to the rank of continuo). A majestic introduction is followed by the outpouring, sometimes narcissistic, of a lonely Pierrot. As the monologue becomes more agitated, the harmony revives the audacities of the most "modern" Debussy.

This complex universe finds its natural extension in the Sonata for Flute, Viola, and Harp, an ensemble so unusual that it has caused the work to be somewhat neglected. Debussy originally intended to use an oboe instead of the viola, but his change of timbres is a happy one. The work was written in the autumn of 1915. The composer called it "dreadfully melancholic," and it does recall to some extent the "Nocturnes" for orchestra - with, however, a perfectionism and expressive restraint which make it even more fascinating.

Debussy then gave up all creative activity for a year and a half. At last, in February 1917, he returned to composition, and the Sonata for Violin and Piano was completed in March. It was first performed on May 5 that year by the young Gaston Poulet and the composer himself (this was Debussy's last public appearance - he died in Paris on March 28, 1918). This final work, although in no way Debussy's musical testament, is remarkable for its conciseness of expression, its modesty, and its warm and positive attitude to life and hope. Even more than in the preceding works, the composer seems to adopt the "mono-thematic" formula which he had not long since abandoned, and on such a basis the freedom in the writing is the more astonishing. Beginning with a thematic recall of the two previous movements, the finale is essentially constructed in the manner of a mouvement perpetuel. In it we can hear accents of sullen revolt and icy rage.

The composer's work has elsewhere this mixture of rage and resignation, which the idea of death inspired in him. Thus the Mallarmean faun to which Debussy owed his fame foretells a lament of the dying god Pan in the remarkable piece written in 1913 for flute solo. Originally intended to illustrate a "Psyche" of Gabriel Mourey, it received the title "Syrinx" only on its posthumous publication in 1927.

-Marcel Marnat


  Соисполнители :

Annie Challan (Harp)
Arthur Grumiaux (Violin)
Colette Lequien (Viola)
Istvan Hajdu (Piano)
Jean Francaix (Piano)
Maurice Gendron (Violoncello)
Roger Bourdin (Flute)


№ п/п

Наименование трека

Текст

Длительность

Комментарий
   1 I. Allegro Vivo         0:04:18 Sonata In G Minor For Violin And Piano
   2 II. Intermede (Fantasque Et Leger)         0:04:00 -"-
   3 III. Finale (Tres Anime)         0:04:13 -"-
   4 I. Prologue (Lent)         0:05:02 Sonata In D Minor For Cello And Piano
   5 II. Seranade (Moderement Anime)         0:03:51 -"-
   6 III. Finale (Anime)         0:03:11 -"-
   7 Syrinx         0:03:06 For Unaccompanied Flute
   8 I. Pastorale (Lento, Dolce Rubato)         0:07:06 Sonata For Flute, Viola And Harp
   9 II. Interlude (Tempo Di Menuetto)         0:06:06 -"-
   10 III. Finale (Allegro Moderato Ma Resoluto)         0:04:32 -"-

      Обозначения:

 T   'щелкнуть' - переход к тексту композиции.

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