Описание CD

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  Исполнитель(и) :
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  Наименование CD :
   Lo Gai Saber: Troubadour And Minstrel Music 1100-1300

Год издания : 1991

Компания звукозаписи : Erato Diques

Музыкальный стиль : Modern Free, Free Jazz, Avant-Garde Jazz

Время звучания : 1:14:38

Код CD : Erato 2292-45647-2

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Classics (Troubadours, Trouveres)      

Camerata Mediterranea, director: Joel Cohen

Research And Musical Reconstruction: Joel Cohen

Songs and poems by:

Peire Vidal, Gaucelm Faidit, Sordello di Mantova, Bertrand de Born, Comtessa de Dia, Raimon d'Avignon, Raimbaut de Vacqueyras, Guillaume IX de Poitiers, Bernard de Ventadorn, Marcabru, Peire Cardenai, Azalais de Porcairages, Guillaume d'Autpol, and anonymous

========= from the cover ==========

Astonishing in their diversity and grace, the circa-four thousand poems of the Occitanian and Catalan troubadours survive by the foresight of a few enlightened patrons who, sensing the end of an epoch, began amassing these precious works in large manuscript codices. Yet the medieval hour was late; poems that had been sung for generations were collected and transcribed at the very end of their general currency in society. And only two hundred or so melodies (preserved in what degree of exactitude?) were ever written down at all.

One might despair of all the incertitudes surrounding any attempt to make the gai saber live again. Yet prolonged contact with these mysteriously powerful creations of the human spirit generates its own kind of constructive energy. And some of the questions become less opaque, less intimidating, as we become more familiar with the troubadours and their way of working.

The driving force in this recorded program is the poetry. We decided to procede much as the troubadour-composers did themselves. In the immense majority of cases (a few dance-songs and parodies excepted) it is the text which is of primal importance to the troubadour: the music is a support for his or her poetic discourse. Our main goal, then, was to present you, minstrel-style, with a recital of sung (or, occasionally, spoken) poetry. We have used the original melodies whenever they are available. But when an important poem has survived without music, we have proceeded according to the techniques of the troubadours themselves: by borrowing tunes, as they themselves often did, from other songs with identical or similar strophic form, or related poetic content. A happy byproduct of these reconstructions, and the research that preceded them, is our near-certitude that in a few cases we have succesfully reunited a signifigant poem with its original melody, once thought to be lost.

The singers

Troubadour song was, and is, a performer's art. In recruiting singers for this project, our main criteria were two: first, the performer's instinct, and second, a living connection with modern Occitan/Provencal. Prior experience in medieval music per se was of only secondary importance. Only Anne Azema has heretofore made a career as a specialist in early music singing styles; Francois Harismendy is active in opera; Jean-Luc Madier is a folksinger. All three heard Occitan in their families as children and have interiorised the "music" of the modern dialects. Our fourth "singer" was the renowned scholar Pierre Bec, who helped us to reconstitute the sounds of the troubadours' tongue without ever divorcing our historical research from the essential, irreplaceable connection to a real, spoken language.

The accompaniments

Instrumental accompaniments were never notated in sources of medieval monody, and must be reinvented or reimagined in our own time. The courtly milieu that produced the troubadour and trouveres' art favored the soft sounds of strings, bowed or plucked, to accompany the voice. The viola (or old French vielle) was particularly appreciated in southern France; the harp, much in favor in the North and in Spain, was also known in the Midi. It is very probable as well that a capella singing was an important means of transmitting the troubadours' works. The loud wind instruments and exotic percussions which flavor many troubadour-song recordings and concerts of recent decades are hard to justify on historical grounds, at least in the "refined", non-dance works which constitute the immense majority of the repertoire.

Furthermore, the use of large instrumental ensembles and/or excessively dense accompaniments tends, in our opinion, to mask the essentially text-driven nature of these songs.

Cheryl Ann Fulton and Shira Kammen worked closely with the singers to fashion their accompaniments, drawing on the melodic material of the songs, and the rhythm and rhetoric of the poetry. In most cases the vocal and instrumental gestures were evolved simultaneously, during the rehearsal period. Little of the instrumentalists' work was notated, and innumerable details were generated afresh at each performance or recorded take. By searching thus for a balance between structure and freedom, we hope to come as close as we reasonably can to some essential dimensions of the minstrel's art.

-Joel Cohen

  Соисполнители :

Anne Azema (Vocals)
Cheryl Ann Fulton (Harpsichord)
Francois Harismendy (Vocals)
Madier Jean-Luc (Vocals)
Shira Kammen (Harpsichord)

№ п/п

Наименование трека



   1 Ondas Do Mar         0:04:28 Martim Codax
   2 Del Gran Golfe De Mar         0:01:14 Gaucelm Faidit
   3 Pos Tornatz Sui En Proenca         0:01:24 Peire Vidal
   4 Ab L'alen Tir Vas Me L'aire         0:04:52 Conon De Bethune / Peire Vidal
   5 Er, Quan Renovella e Gensa         0:04:29 Anonymus / Sordello Di Mantova
   6 Bel M'es Quan Vei Chamjar Lo Senhoratge         0:02:08 Bertrand De Born
   7 Ab Joi Et Ab Joven M'apais         0:04:54 Anonymus / Comtessa De Dia
   8 Danca Dels Dos Domnas (interlude)         0:02:58 Shira Kammen
   9 Sirvens Sui Avutz Et Arlotz         0:02:12 Raimon D'Avignon
   10 Dona, Tant Vos Ai Preiada         0:05:15 Adam De La Halle / Raimbault De Vaqueiras
   11 Domna, Pos Vos Ai Chausida         0:03:59 Anonymus
   12 Ab La Dolchor Del Temps Novel         0:03:11 Anonymus / Guillaume IX De Poitiers
   13 Nouvele Amor Qui Si M'agree & Novel'amor Que Tant M'agreia         0:03:32 Rogeret De Cambrai
   14 Lancan Vei La Folha         0:04:22 Bernard De Ventadorn
   15 Dirai Vos Senes Duptansa         0:02:52 Marcabru
   16 Ar Mi Puesc Ieu Lauzar D'amor         0:03:19 Peire Cardenal
   17 Lo Freg Temps (interlude)         0:04:08 Cheryl Ann Fulton
   18 Be'm Degra De Chantar Tener         0:03:44 Bernard De Ventadorn / Guiraut Riquier
   19 Un Sirventes Novel Vueill Comensar         0:06:12 Peire Cardenal
   20 O Maria Deu Maire (Avec Maris Stella)         0:01:47 Anonymus
   21 Esperanza De Totz Ferms Esperans         0:03:37 Martim Codax / Guillaume D'Autpol


 T   'щелкнуть' - переход к тексту композиции.

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