Описание CD

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  Исполнитель(и) :
   Bach, Johann Sebastian  (Composer) , Gerhard Rehm (Conductor
◄◄◄        ►►►

  Наименование CD :
   Lukas - Passion (Gerhard Rehm)



Год издания : 1982

Компания звукозаписи : Aquarius, (ru)

Время звучания : 1:57:40

К-во CD : 2

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Sacred Music (Master Works)      

St. Luke Passion (Lukaspassion), for 4 voices, chorus, orchestra & continuo (only in part by Bach), BWV 246 (BC D6)

About BWV 246 on 'bach-cantatas.com'

BWV 246 Lukas-Passion

Balinnger Kantorei. Kammerorvhester Colleg um Musicum tueingen, Gerhard Rehm - conductor

Recorded 1982

========= from the cover ==========

The identity of the composer of the St. Luke Passion is a question that has often been considered. He must have been a musician active in Central Germany around 1735 and was probably born shortly before 1700. In my research I have come up with a number of bits of evidence suggesting the possibility that its composer may have been the still little-known Eisenach court music director Johann Melchior Molter (1696-1765). Molter, the son of a Kantor, was born in Tiefenort bei Eisenach and attended the Eisenach Preparatory School before entering the service of the Margrave Carl-Wilhelm of Baden-Durlach in Karlsruhe in 1717. Studies in Venice and Rome during 1719-21 brought him into direct contact with Italian musicians such as A. Vivaldi and A. Scarlatti. He was appointed to the post of court music director in Karlsruhe in 1722. After the disbandment of the court orchestra at the end of 1733 as a result of the outbreak of the Polish War of Succession, Molter was appointed to the then vacant music director's post in Eisenach. He began his service in Eisenach during Easter 1734 and held this post until the dissolution of the Eisenach court in the summer of 1741.

The St. Luke Passion exhibits many parallels and points of relation to other compositions known to be by Molter, not only to eleven church cantatas discovered in Regensburg some years ago and a two-part passion oratorio extant in Sondershausen, all dating to his Eisenach years, but also to other works of his. All of this makes his authorship at least seem possible. These resemblances have been overlooked for the simple reason that Molter's sacred works have managed to elude researchers up until now.

This almost direct juxtaposition of old-fashioned traditional elements and modern elements is also found in Molter's passion oratorio dating to around 1735. Elegant instrumentations with, for example, a solo instrument and string pizzicato occur repeatedly in his arias and in the clearly recognizable technique combining different tonal and motion layers (oboes, strings, chorus, continue) in the introductory passion chorus. It is precisely the introductory measures ascribed to Bach at the beginning of the second part that correspond especially well to Molter's orchestral style of strong Venetian stamp. Linguistic and formal points of relation also exist between the madrigal texts in the St. Luke Passion and those by Gottfried Loos (1686-1741), the Eisenach court poet who wrote for Molter.

If Molter did in fact compose the St. Luke Passion, then it was the inaugural music for his Eisenach post and was premiered at St. George's City and Court Church in Eisenach on Good Friday, April 23, 1734. The gifted tenor Johann Ebert (his participation would explain the no fewer than three tenor arias) and the organist Johann Bernhard Bach would have been among the performers. It is through Johann Bernhard Bach that Johann Sebastian Bach could have learned about the work in Leipzig and expressed the wish to see the score. Molter would have then sent his score together with a copy of the printed text (such texts were obligatory for Eisenach vocal performances) to Leipzig, and Bach and his son would have completed their copy of the score before C. P E. Bach left home in the autumn of 1734. The first Leipzig performance of the St. Luke Passion would presumably have taken place on Good Friday, April 8, 1735. The Bach scholar Alfred Diirr also regards this date as possible. We should not fail to mention, however, that the dating of the copy to the summer of 1734 contradicts the findings of Bach philology about the development of C. P E. Bach's manuscript hand. These investigations suggest a Leipzig performance date of Good Friday 1730. If this is so, then Molter could not have been the composer of the St. Luke Passion.

Thus, despite the almost surprising parallels to Molter's oeuvre, his authorship is not certain here - especially since stylistic-compositional points of contact cannot be said to settle this question. They always leave the question open as to whether the similarities are only general features of the period or special features marking a personal style. Whoever may have been the composer of the St. Luke Passion, one thing remains certain: the unpretentiously simple work that the genial author of the Sf. John Passion and Sf. Maffhew Passion honored with a repeat performance deserves a solid place in the early music repertoire.


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Наименование трека

Текст

Длительность

Комментарий
   1 01 Chorus: Furcht Und Zittern         0:05:03  
   1 02 Recitative         0:00:56  
   1 03 Chorale: Verruchter Knecht, Wo Denkst Du Hin         0:00:53  
   1 04 Recitative         0:00:11  
   1 05 Chorale: Die Seel' Weiss Hoch Zu Schatzen         0:00:54  
   1 06 Recitative         0:00:20  
   1 07 Chorale: Stille, Stille! Ist Die Losung         0:00:55  
   1 08 Recitative         0:02:06  
   1 09 Chorale: Weide Mich Und Mach' Mich Satt         0:00:38  
   1 10 Recitative         0:01:11  
   1 11 Chorale: Nichts Ist Lieblicher Als Du         0:00:43  
   1 12 Recitative         0:01:47  
   1 13 Aria, Soprano: Dein Leib, Das Manna Meiner Seele         0:06:22  
   1 14 Recitative         0:00:37  
   1 15 Aria, Alto: Du Gibst Mir Blut         0:04:36  
   1 16 Recitative         0:00:53  
   1 17 Chorale: Ich, Ich Und Meine Sunden         0:00:45  
   1 18 Recitative         0:01:58  
   1 19 Chorale: Ich Werde Dir Zu Ehren Alles Wagen         0:00:39  
   1 20 Recitative         0:00:44  
   1 21 Chorale: Der Heiligen Zwolf Boten Zahl         0:00:27  
   1 22 Recitative         0:02:19  
   1 23 Chorus: Nie Keinen, Nie Keinen         0:00:31  
   1 24 Recitative         0:01:18  
   1 25 Chorus: Herr, Siehe, Hier Sind Zwei Schwert'         0:00:13  
   1 26 Recitative         0:00:57  
   1 27 Chorale: Wir, Armen Sunder Bitten         0:00:21  
   1 28 Recitative         0:00:50  
   1 29 Chorale: Mein Vater, Wie Du Willst         0:00:50  
   1 30 Recitative         0:00:46  
   1 31 Chorale: Durch Deines Todes Kampf         0:00:14  
   1 32 Recitative         0:00:44  
   1 33 Chorale: Lass Mich Gnade Fur Dir Finden         0:01:05  
   1 34 Recitative         0:00:43  
   1 35 Chorale: Von Aussen Sich Gut Stellen         0:00:56  
   1 36 Recitative         0:00:13  
   1 37 Chorus: Herr, Sollen Wir Mit Dem Schwert Dreinschlagen?         0:00:34  
   1 38 Recitative         0:00:40  
   1 39 Chorale: Ich Will Daraus Studieren         0:00:42  
   1 40 Recitative         0:01:13  
   1 41 Chorale: Und Fiihre Uns Nicht In Versuchung         0:00:17  
   1 42 Recitative         0:02:25  
   1 43 Chorale: Kein Hirt Kann So Fleissig Gehen         0:01:06  
   1 44 Recitative         0:00:53  
   1 45 Aria, Tenor: Den Pels Hat Moses1 Stab Geschlagen         0:04:40  
   1 46 Chorale: Aus Der Tiefe Rufe Ich         0:01:16  
   2 01 Recitative         0:01:15  
   2 02 Chorus: Weissage, Wer Ist's Der Dich Schlug?         0:00:20  
   2 03 Chorale: Dass Du Nicht Ewig Schande Mogest Tragen         0:00:49  
   2 04 Recitative         0:00:26  
   2 05 Chorus: Bist Du Christus? Sage Es Uns!         0:00:33  
   2 06 Recitative         0:00:44  
   2 07 Chorus: Bist Du Denn Gottes Sohn?         0:00:22  
   2 08 Chorale: Du Konig Der Ehren, Jesu Christ         0:00:21  
   2 09 Recitative         0:00:15  
   2 10 Chorus: Was, Was Bedurfen Wir Weiter Zeugnis?         0:00:38  
   2 11 Recitative         0:00:15  
   2 12 Chorus: Diesen Finden Wir         0:00:27  
   2 13 Recitative         0:00:26  
   2 14 Chorale: Dein Gottlich' Macht'         0:00:16  
   2 15 Recitative         0:00:15  
   2 16 Chorale: Ich Bin's         0:00:44  
   2 17 Recitative         0:00:07  
   2 18 Chorus: Er Hat Das Volk Erreget Damit         0:00:39  
   2 19 Recitative         0:01:10  
   2 20 Aria, Tenor: Das Lamm Verstummt         0:05:25  
   2 21 Recitative         0:00:38  
   2 22 Chorale: Wer Kann Die Unschuld Besser Kleiden         0:00:51  
   2 23 Recitative         0:01:34  
   2 24 Chorale: Ei, Was Hat Er Denn Getan         0:01:44  
   2 25 Recitative         0:00:15  
   2 26 Chorus: Hinweg, Hinweg Mit Diesem         0:00:31  
   2 27 Recitative         0:00:33  
   2 28 Chorus: Kreuzige Ihn!         0:00:43  
   2 29 Recitative         0:01:29  
   2 30 Chorale: Es Wird In Der Sunder Hande         0:00:59  
   2 31 Recitative         0:00:55  
   2 32 Terzetto, Sopr I / I I, Alto: Weh Und Schmerz         0:03:01  
   2 33 Recitative         0:03:01  
   2 34 Chorale: Sein' Allererste Sorge War         0:01:05  
   2 35 Recitative         0:00:24  
   2 36 Chorus: Er Hat A'ndern Geholfen         0:00:27  
   2 37 Recitative         0:00:15  
   2 38 Chorus: Bist Du Der Juden Konig?         0:00:24  
   2 39 Chorale: Ich Bin Krank         0:00:48  
   2 40 Recitative         0:00:34  
   2 41 Chorale: Das Kreuz Ist Der Konigsthron         0:01:02  
   2 42 Recitative         0:01:30  
   2 43 Chorale: Tausendmal Gedenk Ich Dein         0:00:46  
   2 44 Recitative         0:00:31  
   2 45 Chorale: Freu'dich Sehr, o Meine Seele         0:00:57  
   2 46 Recitative         0:00:35  
   2 47 Aria, Soprano: Selbst Der Bau Der Welt Erschiittert         0:03:38  
   2 48 Recitative         0:01:01  
   2 49 Sinfonia         0:00:48  
   2 50 Chorale: Derselbe Mein Herr Jesu Christ         0:00:45  
   2 51 Sinfonia Da Capo         0:00:48  
   2 52 Recitative         0:00:47  
   2 53 Chorale: Straf Mich Nicht In Deinem Zorn         0:00:46  
   2 54 Recitative         0:01:07  
   2 55 Aria, Tenor: Lasst Mich Ihn Nur Noch Einmal Kiissen         0:06:48  
   2 56 Recitative         0:00:35  
   2 57 Chorale: Nun Ruh, Erloser In Der Gruft         0:01:14  

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