en la Basilique Alexandre Newsky de Sofia
Choeur Bulgare "Svetoslav Obretenov" dir. Gueorgui Robev
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Bulgaria is the most ancient orthodox slavic country. She adopted Christianity as the official religion in 865 during the reign of King Boris (852-888) after two centuries of secularly. Bulgaria is also the first country of classical Slavic civilisation. Her literature, use of spoken language, style of living and the arts saw their first flowering, their "golden age" under Boris, Simeon the Great (893-927) and Pierre (927-969), kings of the same dynasty. The development of literary culture is directly linked to the activity of the first Slavic civilizers and creators of slavic writing, the brothers Cyril (+869) and Method (+885) and their pupils Clement of Ohrid (+916), Naoum, etc. At that time, from the 9th - 10th centuries, they had already laid down the fundamental lines of the Slavic liturgy, created from the example of the Greek Orthodox liturgy, and very naturally confessing the symbol of the faith of the Orthodox Church of the Orient. Afterwards it served as an example for the Russians, Serbians and Roumanians, and, in general, all the Orthodox Slavic peoples (and others) who had undergone strong Bulgarian influence. The language of the church, which is still ancient Bulgarian, has been defined in the "composition of spoken Russian" (this language was in use as the Russian literary language until the 18th century).
After the fashion of the western mass, the oriental liturgy is an important musico-poetic genre which is distinguished hy its representative and characteristic symbolism, so far as it represents a rich and imposing spectacle in the church. The severe monophony of the ancient chants is replaced by the richness of polyphonic art for the first time during the 16th century in Russia.
Following ancient tradition the liturgy is made up of responses and blessings. These are: 1. Magna ektenia, a work by the Bulgarian composer Dobri Christov (1875-1941). To be more precise, he wrote the response-intercessions of the choir "Lord have mercy upon us", which together with the response-recitatives of the two deacons make up (he whole musical-poetic form, constructed after the principles of responsive chant. The contents of the deacon's responses is very interesting: blessings for the Bulgarian patriarch Cyril I, the holy Synod of the orthodox Bulgarian Church, the pious Bulgarian people, the pious Bulgarian army, the fruits of the earth, an appeal for the unfortunate and the oppressed, etc.