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  Наименование CD :
   J.S. Bach. The Toccatas & Inventions



Год издания : 

Компания звукозаписи : Galactic, (ru)

Время звучания : 2:10:14

К-во CD : 2

  Комментарий (рецензия) :

CD, стоящие на полке рядом : Classics (Guru)      

About Inventions BWV 772-801 on 'bach-cantatas.com'

About Toccatas BWV 910-916 on 'bach-cantatas.com'

========= from the cover ==========

If earlier composers showed but little respect for their manuscripts, musicologists today more than make up the difference. Regardless of the existence of published editions, a composer's autograph manuscript is now considered the most important single piece of information we can possess regarding a composition - despite the fact that its discovery is likely to raise as many problems as it solves. In the case of Bach's Inventions and Symphonies (frequently called the Two- and Three-Part Inventions) we are, so to speak, "thrice blessed," for the composer has left us three separate autographs of the music, each of which casts a somewhat different light upon it.

The earliest of these is to be found in the Clavierbuchlein (Little Clavier Book) fur Wilhelm Friedemann Bach, a collection of pieces gradually assembled for the musical education of Bach's eldest son, aged ten at the time the book was begun. The Clavierbuchlein opens with an explication of the various keys and key signatures, and the correct interpretation of the signs for musical ornaments. It follows with pieces of gradually increasing difficulty, each composed (or adapted) as needed, and the character of each very probably influenced by Wilhelm Friedemann's immediate digital problems. The Inventions and Sinfonias are found toward the end of the book, but under different names: The two-part works were called "Praeambula," and the three_ part, "Fantasies." The two- and three-part pieces are grouped separately, but in similar order of keys: first ascending (C Major, D Minor, E Minor, etc.) to B Minor, then descending (B-flat Major, A Major, G Minor, etc.). Philipp Spitta, the greatest of Bach biographers, has pointed out that the D Major Sinfonia is there only in part, and the C Minor Sinfonia not at all, although both appear in other manuscripts.

Were this the only surviving manuscript of the Inventions and Sinfonias, one might logically conclude that Bach's purpose in writing them was purely pedagogical. They explore a wealth of technical problems (though not as systematically as some etudes of a later generation), and they give the player practice in a number of major and minor keys. The complexities of managing three individual voices are rightfully reserved until the player has mastered the handling of two. But there are few better indications of Bach's multi-faceted compositional style and intent than the somewhat different illumination of the other manuscripts.

The second autograph is dated 1723, and for a variety of reasons is usually considered to be Bach's final word on the details of the music. The two- and three-part works are again grouped separately and in parallel, this time, however, entirely in ascending order of key.

There is yet a third manuscript, dating also from 1723, and differing from the others in one very important respect: each two-part invention is followed immediately with the corresponding three-part sinfonia, thus forming a series of two-movement units not unlike the preludes and fugues of the Well-Tempered Clavier. According to Spitta,"... it cannot be doubted that the composer conceived each pair at the same time." There is, as he goes on to say, a correspondence of theme in several of the pairs, and a correspondence of mood in many others. Certainly, such conjunction of invention and sinfonia is strikingly effective in performance. Hence the pedagogical intent has been pushed far into the background. Freed of the necessity to match their difficulties to the player's abilities, the Inventions and Sinfonias stand on their own feet as pure music.


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№ п/п

Наименование трека

Текст

Длительность

Комментарий
   1 01 BWV - 910         0:11:46 Toccata (Fsharp Minor)
   1 02 BWV - 911         0:11:17 Toccata (C Minor)
   1 03 BWV - 912         0:14:07 Toccata (D Major)
   1 04 BWV - 913         0:16:59 Toccata (D Minor)
   1 05 BWV - 914         0:08:36 Toccata (E Minor)
   2 01 BWV - 915         0:08:46 Toccata (G Minor)
   2 02 BWV - 916         0:08:57 Toccata (G Major)
   2 03 BWV - 772         0:01:31 Inventions Nos. 1 C Major
   2 04 BWV - 787         0:00:43 Inventions Nos. 1
   2 05 BWV - 773         0:02:54 Inventions Nos. 2 (C Minor)
   2 06 BWV - 788         0:03:01 Inventions Nos. 2
   2 07 BWV - 774         0:00:59 Inventions Nos. 3 (D Major)
   2 08 BWV - 789         0:01:05 Inventions Nos. 3
   2 09 BWV - 775         0:00:45 Inventions Nos. 4 (D Minor)
   2 10 BWV - 790         0:03:14 Inventions Nos. 4
   2 11 BWV - 776         0:01:21 Inventions Nos. 5 (E-flat Major)
   2 12 BWV - 791         0:03:06 Inventions Nos. 5
   2 13 BWV - 777         0:02:42 Inventions Nos. 6 (E Major)
   2 14 BWV - 792         0:00:49 Inventions Nos. 6
   2 15 BWV - 778         0:00:55 Inventions Nos. 7 (E Minor)
   2 16 BWV - 793         0:01:31 Inventions Nos. 7
   2 17 BWV - 779         0:01:03 Inventions Nos. 8 (F Major)
   2 18 BWV - 794         0:00:57 Inventions Nos. 8
   2 19 BWV - 780         0:02:48 Inventions Nos. 9 (F Minor)
   2 20 BWV - 795         0:04:17 Inventions Nos. 9
   2 21 BWV - 781         0:00:40 Inventions Nos. 10 (G Major)
   2 22 BWV - 796         0:00:56 Inventions Nos. 10
   2 23 BWV - 782         0:00:55 Inventions Nos. 11 (G Minor)
   2 24 BWV - 797         0:03:44 Inventions Nos. 11
   2 25 BWV - 783         0:00:56 Inventions Nos. 12 (A Major)
   2 26 BWV - 798         0:01:14 Inventions Nos. 12
   2 27 BWV - 784         0:00:45 Inventions Nos. 13 (A Minor)
   2 28 BWV - 799         0:02:12 Inventions Nos. 13
   2 29 BWV - 785         0:01:37 Inventions Nos. 14 (B-flat Major)
   2 30 BWV - 800         0:01:08 Inventions Nos. 14
   2 31 BWV - 786         0:00:52 Inventions Nos. 15 (B Minor)
   2 32 BWV - 801         0:01:04 Inventions Inventions Nos. 15

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 T   'щелкнуть' - переход к тексту композиции.

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