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     The Modern Jazz Quartet

Formed: 1952
Group Members: Milt Jackson, John Lewis, Connie Kay, Percy Heath, Kenny Clarke, Albert "Tootie" Heath
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Third Stream, Cool
Instruments: Group

Pianist John Lewis, vibraphonist Milt Jackson, bassist Ray Brown and drummer Kenny Clarke first came together as the rhythm section of the 1946 Dizzy Gillespie Orchestra and they had occasional features that gave the overworked brass players a well-deserved rest. They next came together in 1951, recording as the Milt Jackson Quartet. In 1952 with Percy Heath taking Brown's place, the Modern Jazz Quartet (MJQ) became a permanent group. Other than Connie Kay succeeding Clarke in 1955, the band's personnel was set. In the early days Jackson and Lewis both were equally responsible for the group's musical direction but the pianist eventually took over as musical director. The MJQ has long displayed John Lewis's musical vision, making jazz seem respectable by occasionally interacting with classical ensembles and playing concerts at prestigious venues, but always leaving plenty of space for bluesy and swinging improvising. Their repertoire, in addition to including veteran bop and swing pieces, introduced such originals as Lewis' "Django" and Jackson's "Bags' Groove." The group recorded for Prestige (1952-55), Atlantic (1956-74), Verve (1957), United Artists (1959) and Apple (1967-69) and, in addition to the many quartet outings, they welcomed such guests as Jimmy Giuffre, Sonny Rollins, the Beaux Arts String Quartet, a symphony orchestra conducted by Gunther Schuller, singer Diahann Carroll (on one piece), Laurindo Almeida, a big band and the Swingle Singers. Although the musicians all had opportunities to pursue individual projects, in 1974 Milt Jackson tired of the constant touring and the limitations set on his improvising and he quit the group, causing the MJQ to have a final tour and break up. In 1981 Jackson relented and the Modern Jazz Quartet (which has recorded further albums for Pablo and Altantic) became active again although on a more part-time basis. Connie Kay's health began to fade in the early '90s (Mickey Roker often filled in for him) and after his death in 1995, Albert "Tootie" Heath became his replacement.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.holeintheweb.com/drp/bhd/MJQ.htm About
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=9482 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Jazz_Quartet About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Modern_Jazz_Quartet About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Blues At Carnegie Hall' - 1966, Mobile Fidelity
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Blues On Bach' - 1974, Atlantic
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Dedicated To Connie' - 1960, Atlantic
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Fontessa' - 1989, Atlantic
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Lonely Woman' - 1992, Atlantic
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Music From 'Odds Against Tomorrow'' - 1990, Blue Note
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Pyramid' - 1960, Atlantic
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'Scandinavia, April 1960' - 1996, Giants Of Jazz
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'The Last Concert' - 1974, Rhino
 The Modern Jazz Quartet - 'The Sheriff. Collaboration' - 2002, Atlantic, Азбука Звука

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 13/10/2015 23:38:12

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