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     Joe Zawinul
 
 

Real name: Zawinul, Joe
Born: Jul 7, 1932 in Vienna, Austria
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Hard Bop, Fusion, Soul-Jazz, World Fusion
Instruments: Piano (Electric), Leader, Keyboards, Piano

Joe Zawinul belongs in a category unto himself - a European from the heartland of the classical music tradition (Vienna) who learned to swing as freely as any American jazzer, and whose appetite for growth and change remains insatiable. Zawinul's curiosity and openness to all kinds of sounds made him one of the driving forces behind the electronic jazz-rock revolution of the late '60s and '70s - and later, he would be almost alone in exploring fusions between jazz-rock and ethnic music from all over the globe. He is one of a bare handful of synthesizer players who actually learned how to play the instrument, to make it an expressive, swinging part of his arsenal. Prior to the invention of the portable synthesizer, Zawinul's example helped bring the Wurlitzer and Fender-Rhodes electric pianos into the jazz mainstream. Zawinul also has become a significant composer, ranging (like his idol Duke Ellington) from soulful hit tunes to large-scale symphonic-jazz canvases. Yet despite his classical background, he now prefers to improvise compositions spontaneously onto tape, not writing them out on paper.

At six, Josef Erich Zawinul started to play the accordion in his native Austria, and studies in classical piano and composition at the Vienna Conservatory soon followed. His interest in jazz piano, initially influenced by George Shearing and Erroll Garner, led to jobs with Austrian saxophonist Hans Koller in 1952 and gigs with his own trio in France and Germany. He emigrated to the United States in late 1958 after winning a scholarship to Berklee, yet after just one week in class, he left to join Maynard Ferguson's band for eight months, where Miles Davis first took notice of him. Following a brief stay with Slide Hampton, Zawinul became Dinah Washington's pianist from 1959 to 1961, and then spent a month with Harry "Sweets" Edison before Cannonball Adderley picked him to fill the piano chair in his Quintet. There Zawinul stayed and blossomed for nine years, contributing several compositions to the Adderley bandbook - among them the major pop hit "Mercy, Mercy, Mercy," "Walk Tall" and "Country Preacher" - and ultimately helping to steer the Adderley group into the electronic era. While with Adderley, Zawinul evolved from a hard bop pianist to a soul/jazz performer heavily steeped in the blues, and ultimately a jazz/rock explorer on the electric piano. Toward the end of his Adderley gig (1969-1970), he was right in the thick of the new jazz-rock scene, recording several pioneering records with Miles Davis, contributing the title tune of Davis' In a Silent Way album.

After recording a self-titled solo album, Zawinul left Adderley to form Weather Report with Wayne Shorter and Czech bassist Miroslav Vitous in November 1970. Weather Report gave the increasingly self-confident Zawinul a platform to evolve even further as his interest in propulsive grooves and music from Africa and the Middle East ignited and developed. He gradually dropped the electric piano in favor of a series of ever-more-sophisticated synthesizers which he mastered to levels never thought possible by those who derided the instruments as sterile, unfeeling machines. Weather Report eventually became a popular group that appealed to audiences beyond jazz and progressive rock, thanks in no small part to Zawinul's hit song "Birdland."

When Zawinul and Shorter finally came to a parting of the ways in 1985, Zawinul started to tour all by himself, surrounded by keyboards and rhythm machines, but resurfaced the following year with a short-lived extension of Weather Report called Weather Update (which did not leave any recordings). Weather Update quickly evolved into another group, the Zawinul Syndicate, which over the span of a decade has been tilting increasingly toward groove-oriented world music influences. Zawinul has also shown renewed interest in his European roots, collaborating with fellow Viennese classical pianist Friedrich Gulda from 1987 to 1994, producing a full-blown classical-based symphony Stories of the Danube in 1993 and following the near-disastrous Malibu fires of 1994, moving from California to New York City in order to be closer to Europe. In 2002 he released Faces & Places, his first studio album in several years and one that boasted an international roster of supporting musicians.

Though he continues to explore new musical paths at an age when most jazzers are long set in their ways, Zawinul's influence upon jazz has waned in recent years due to the jazz mainstream's retreat from electronics back to acoustic post-bop. But Zawinul's uplifting, still-invigorating later music may make him a prophet again if global music infiltrates the jazz world.

- Richard S. Ginell (All Music Guide)


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.northwestern.edu/jazz/artists/zawinul.joe About on 'People in Jazz'
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=11603 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.zawinulfans.org Joe Zawinul Unofficial Italian Fan Site
www.binkie.net/zawinul Personal Joe Zawinul Web pages. Biography, tour dates, articles
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Zawinul About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Завинул,_Джо О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joe_Zawinul About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Завинул,_Джо О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
   
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Joe Zawinul - '75' - 2008, BHM
 Joe Zawinul - 'Black Water' - 1989, Columbia
 Joe Zawinul - 'Concerto Retitled' - 1970, Wounded Bird
 Joe Zawinul - 'Di-a-lects' - 1986, Columbia
 Joe Zawinul - 'Faces & Places' - 2002, Esc Records
 Joe Zawinul - 'Lost Tribes' - 1992, Sony
 Joe Zawinul - 'Mauthausen' - 2005, Esc Records
 Joe Zawinul - 'My People' - 1992, Escapade Music
 Joe Zawinul - 'The Immigrants' - 1988, Columbia
 Joe Zawinul - 'The Rise & Fall Of The Third Stream. Money In The Pocket' - 1994, Rhino, Atlantic
 Joe Zawinul - 'Vienna Nights. Live At Joe Zawinul's Birdland' - 2005, BHM
 Joe Zawinul - 'Zawinul: Stories Of The Danube' - 1996, Philips
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Ben Webster - 'Soulmates' - 1963, JVC Victor
  как соисполнитель ...
 Julian 'Cannonball' Adderley - 'Dizzy's Business' - 1963, Milestone
 Julian 'Cannonball' Adderley - 'Nippon Soul' - 1992, Riverside, OJC
 Jan Akkerman - 'Blues Hearts' - 1994, EMI
 Miles Davis - 'Big Fun' - 1974, Sony
 Miles Davis - 'Bitches Brew' - 1969, Columbia, Ars Nova
 Miles Davis - 'Circle In The Round' - 1979, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'In A Silent Way' - 1969, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'Live-Evil' - 1970, Columbia
 Aretha Franklin - 'Soul'69. Spirit In The Dark' - 1969, Rhino, Витаком
 Trilok Gurtu - 'Twenty Years Of Talking Tabla: The Definitive' - 2007, Union Square Music
 Eddie Jefferson - 'Letters From Home' - 1962, OJC, Riverside
 Quincy Jones - 'Back On The Block' - 1989, Qwest
 Sam Jones - 'Down Home' - 1962, OJC
 Bill Laswell - 'Panthalassa - The Music Of Miles Davis 1969-1974' - 1998, Columbia
 Jaco Pastorius - 'Punk Jazz: The Jaco Pastorius Anthology' - 2003, Rhino, Warner Bros.
 Carlos Santana - 'Dance Of The Rainbow Serpent' - 1995, Columbia, Legacy
 Eddie 'Cleanhead' Vinson - 'Cleanhead And Cannonball' - 1990, Milestone, Fantasy
 Dinah Washington - 'Dinah Washington: The Diva Series' - 2003, Verve
 Dinah Washington - 'Jazz 'Round Midnight: Dinah Washington' - 1993, Verve
 Dinah Washington - 'What A Diff'rence A Day Makes!' - 1959, Verve
 Weather Report - '1-st Album' - 1971, Dora
 Weather Report - '8:30' - 1994, BMG, Sony
 Weather Report - 'Black Market. Heavy Weather' - 1976, Columbia
 Nancy Wilson - 'Nancy Wilson & Cannonball Adderley' - 1962, Capitol
 


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