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     Wayne Shorter

Born: Aug 25, 1933 in Newark, NJ
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Modal Music, Hard Bop, Post-Bop, Fusion
Instruments: Sax (Tenor), Sax (Soprano), Composer

Though some will argue about whether Wayne Shorter's primary impact on jazz has been as a composer or as a saxophonist, hardly anyone will dispute his overall importance as one of jazz's leading figures over a long span of time. Though indebted to a great extent to John Coltrane, with whom he practiced in the mid-'50s while still an undergraduate, Shorter eventually developed his own more succinct manner on tenor sax, retaining the tough tone quality and intensity and in later years, adding an element of funk. On soprano, Shorter is almost another player entirely, his lovely tone shining like a light beam, his sensibilities attuned more to lyrical thoughts, his choice of notes becoming more spare as his career unfolded. Shorter's influence as a player, stemming mainly from his achievements in the 1960s and '70s, has been tremendous upon the neo-bop brigade who emerged in the early '80s, most notably Branford Marsalis. As a composer, he is best known for carefully conceived, complex, long-limbed, endlessly winding tunes, many of which have become jazz standards yet have spawned few imitators.

Shorter started on the clarinet at 16 but switched to tenor sax before entering New York University in 1952. After graduating with a BME in 1956, he played with Horace Silver for a short time until he was drafted into the Army for two years. Once out of the service, he joined Maynard Ferguson's band, meeting Ferguson's pianist Joe Zawinul in the process. The following year (1959), Shorter joined Art Blakey's Jazz Messengers, where he remained until 1963, eventually becoming the band's music director. During the Blakey period, Shorter also made his debut on records as a leader, cutting several albums for Chicago's Vee-Jay label. After a few prior attempts to hire him away from Blakey, Miles Davis finally convinced Shorter to join his Quintet in September 1964, thus completing the lineup of a group whose biggest impact would leap-frog a generation into the '80s.

Staying with Miles until 1970, Shorter became at times the band's most prolific composer, contributing tunes like "E.S.P.," "Pinocchio," "Nefertiti," "Sanctuary," "Footprints," "Fall" and the signature description of Miles, "Prince of Darkness." While playing through Miles' transition from loose post-bop acoustic jazz into electronic jazz-rock, Shorter also took up the soprano in late 1968, an instrument which turned out to be more suited to riding above the new electronic timbres than the tenor. As a prolific solo artist for Blue Note during this period, Shorter expanded his palette from hard bop almost into the atonal avant-garde, with fascinating excursions into jazz/rock territory toward the turn of the decade.

In November 1970, Shorter teamed up with old cohort Joe Zawinul and Miroslav Vitous to form Weather Report, where after a fierce start, Shorter's playing grew mellower, pithier, more consciously melodic, and gradually more subservient to Zawinul's concepts. By now, he was playing mostly on soprano, though the tenor would re-emerge more toward the end of WR's run. Shorter's solo ambitions were mostly on hold during the WR days, resulting in but one atypical solo album, Native Dancer, an attractive side-trip into Brazilian-American tropicalismo in tandem with Milton Nascimento. Shorter also revisited the past in the late '70s by touring with Freddie Hubbard and ex-Miles sidemen Herbie Hancock, Ron Carter and Tony Williams as V.S.O.P.

Shorter finally left Weather Report in 1985, but promptly went into a creative slump from which he has yet to fully recover. Still committed to electronics and fusion, his recorded compositions from this point became more predictable and labored, saddled with leaden rhythm sections and overly complicated arrangements. After three routine Columbia albums during 1986-88, he lapsed into silence, finally emerging in 1995 with High Life, a somewhat more engaging collaboration with keyboardist Rachel Z. In concert, he has fielded an erratic series of bands, which could be incoherent one year (1995), and lean and fit the next (1996). Throughout the difficult decade, though, Shorter continued to play well, even brilliantly at times - and he lived up to his high reputation when touring with Carlos Santana's Latin jazz-rock alumni band in 1988 and with Wallace Roney and the V.S.O.P. rhythm section in the "A Tribute to Miles" band in 1992. Given his long track record, Shorter's every record and appearance are still eagerly awaited by fans in the hope that he will thrill them again.

- Richard S. Ginell (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=4301 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Shorter About from 'wikipedia'
www.ejn.it/mus/shorter.htm Biography on Europe Jazz Network [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wayne_Shorter About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Wayne Shorter - 'Adam's Apple' - 1966, Blue Note
 Wayne Shorter - 'Alegria' - 2003, Verve
 Wayne Shorter - 'Beyond The Sound Barrier' - 2005, Verve
 Wayne Shorter - 'Etcetera. The All Seeing Eye. Adam's Apple' - 1965, Blue Note
 Wayne Shorter - 'High Life' - 1995, Verve
 Wayne Shorter - 'Schizophrenia' - 1967, Blue Note
 Wayne Shorter - 'Speak No Evil' - 1964, Blue Note
 Wayne Shorter - 'Super Nova' - 1969, Blue Note
 Wayne Shorter - 'Wayning Moments' - 1962, Vee-Jay
 Wayne Shorter - 'Without A Net' - 2013, Blue Note
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Herbie Hancock - 'A Tribute To Miles' - 1994, Dora, Qwest, Reprise
  как соисполнитель ...
 Victor Bailey - 'Bottom's Up' - 1989, Atlantic
 Art Blakey - 'A Night In Tunisia' - 1960, Blue Note
 Art Blakey - 'Caravan' - 1962, Riverside, OJC
 Art Blakey - 'Meet You At The Jazz Corner Of The World' - 1961, Blue Note
 Stanley Clarke - 'If This Bass Could Only Talk' - 1988, Portrait
 Miles Davis - 'Big Fun' - 1974, Sony
 Miles Davis - 'Bitches Brew' - 1969, Columbia, Ars Nova
 Miles Davis - 'Circle In The Round' - 1979, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Cookin' At The Plugged Nickel' - 1965, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'E.S.P.' - 1965, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Filles De Kilimanjaro' - 1968, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'In A Silent Way' - 1969, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'Live-Evil' - 1970, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'Miles In The Sky' - 1968, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Miles Smiles' - 1966, Columbia, Legacy, Ars Nova
 Miles Davis - 'Nefertiti' - 1967, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'The Complete Jack Johnson Session' - 2003, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Water Babies' - 1977, Sony
 Lou Donaldson - 'Lush Life' - 1967, JCT, Blue Note
 Gil Evans - 'The Individualism Of Gil Evans' - 1964, Verve
 Rachelle Ferrell - 'First Instrument' - 1989, Blue Note
 Gigi - 'Gigi' - 2001, Palm Pictures
 Herbie Hancock - 'Future 2 Future' - 2001, Transparent Music
 Herbie Hancock - 'Gershwin's World' - 1998, Grammy Records
 Herbie Hancock - 'Man-Child' - 1976, CBS Records
 Herbie Hancock - 'Sound System' - 1984, Columbia
 Freddie Hubbard - 'Ready For Freddie' - 2004, Blue Note, RVG
 Norah Jones - '..Featuring Norah Jones' - 2010, EMI
 Wynton Kelly - 'Kelly Great' - 1959, Vee-Jay
 Bill Laswell - 'Panthalassa - The Music Of Miles Davis 1969-1974' - 1998, Columbia
 Lionel Loueke - 'Karibu' - 2008, Blue Note, EMI
 Bobby McFerrin - 'Spontaneous Invention' - 1985, Blue Note, Dora
 Marcus Miller - 'M2. Power & Grace' - 2001, Dreyfus
 Joni Mitchell - 'Chalk Mark In A Rain Storm' - 1988, Geffen
 Joni Mitchell - 'Dog Eat Dog' - 1985, Geffen
 Joni Mitchell - 'Dreamland' - 2004, Rhino
 Joni Mitchell - 'Mingus' - 1979, Asylum
 Joni Mitchell - 'Night Ride Home' - 1991, Geffen
 Joni Mitchell - 'Taming The Tiger' - 1998, Reprise
 Joni Mitchell - 'The Beginning Of Survival' - 2004, Geffen
 Joni Mitchell - 'Travelogue' - 2002, Warner Bros., Nonesuch
 Joni Mitchell - 'Turbulent Indigo' - 1994, Reprise, Galactic
 Joni Mitchell - 'Wild Thing Run Fast' - 1982, Geffen
 Grachan Moncur III - 'Mosaic Select: Grachan Moncur III' - 2004, Mosaic
 Grachan Moncur III - 'Some Other Stuff' - 1964, Blue Note
 T.S. Monk - 'Monk On Monk' - 1997, N2K
 Lee Morgan - 'Standards' - 1998, Blue Note
 Lee Morgan - 'The Procrastinator' - 1995, Blue Note, M&A Group, Planet Music
 Lee Morgan - 'The Young Lions' - 1960, Vee-Jay
 Milton Nascimento - 'Angelus' - 1993, Warner Bros.
 Jaco Pastorius - 'Punk Jazz: The Jaco Pastorius Anthology' - 2003, Rhino, Warner Bros.
 Michel Petrucciani - 'Power Of Three' - 1986, Prospekt, Capitol
 Michel Petrucciani - 'The Best Of Blue Note Years 1986-1994' - 1993, Blue Note
 Alvin Queen - 'Mighty Long Way' - 2009, Enja
 Carlos Santana - 'Dance Of The Rainbow Serpent' - 1995, Columbia, Legacy
 John Scofield - 'Quiet' - 1996, Verve
 Steely Dan - 'Aja' - 1977, MCA
 McCoy Tyner - 'Extensions' - 1970, Blue Note
 V.S.O.P. - 'Live Under The Sky' - 1981, Tristar, Sony
 V.S.O.P. - 'The Quintet' - 1977, Tristar
 Various Artists - 'Round Midnight' - 2002, Columbia
 Weather Report - '1-st Album' - 1971, Dora
 Weather Report - '8:30' - 1994, BMG, Sony
 Weather Report - 'Black Market. Heavy Weather' - 1976, Columbia
 Buster Williams - 'Something More' - 1989, In + Out
 Joe Zawinul - '75' - 2008, BHM

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:40:23

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