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     Lionel Hampton

Born: Apr 12, 1909 in Louisville, KY
Genres: Jazz
Styles: New York Blues, Swing, Big Band
Instruments: Vibraphone, Leader, Drums, Piano

Lionel Hampton was the first jazz vibraphonist and was one of the jazz giants beginning in the mid-'30s. He has achieved the difficult feat of being musically open-minded (even recording "Giant Steps") without changing his basic swing style. Hamp started out as a drummer, playing with the Chicago Defender Newsboys' Band as a youth. His original idol was Jimmy Bertrand, a '20s drummer who occasionally played xylophone. Hampton played on the West Coast with such groups as Curtis Mosby's Blue Blowers, Reb Spikes, and Paul Howard's Quality Serenaders (with whom he made his recording debut in 1929) before joining Les Hite's band, which for a period accompanied Louis Armstrong. At a recording session in 1930, a vibraphone happened to be in the studio, and Armstrong asked Hampton (who had practiced on one previously) if he could play a little bit behind him and on "Memories of You" and "Shine"; Hamp became the first jazz improviser to record on vibes.

It would be another six years before he found fame. Lionel Hampton, after leaving Hite, had his own band in Los Angeles' Paradise Cafe, until one night in 1936 when Benny Goodman came into the club and discovered him. Soon, Hampton recorded with B.G., Teddy Wilson, and Gene Krupa as the Benny Goodman Quartet, and six weeks later he officially joined Goodman. An exciting soloist whose enthusiasm even caused B.G. to smile, Hampton became one of the stars of his organization, appearing in films with Goodman, at the famous 1938 Carnegie Hall concert, and nightly on the radio. In 1937, he started recording regularly as a leader for Victor with specially assembled all-star groups that formed a who's who of swing; all of these timeless performances (1937-1941) were reissued by Bluebird on a six-LP set, although in piecemeal fashion on CD.

Hampton stayed with Goodman until 1940, sometimes substituting on drums and taking vocals. In 1940, Lionel Hampton formed his first big band, and in 1942 had a huge hit with "Flying Home," featuring a classic Illinois Jacquet tenor spot (one of the first R&B solos). During the remainder of the decade, Hampton's extroverted orchestra was a big favorite, leaning toward R&B, showing the influence of bebop after 1944, and sometimes getting pretty exhibitionistic. Among his sidemen, in addition to Jacquet, were Arnett Cobb, Dinah Washington (who Hampton helped discover), Cat Anderson, Marshall Royal, Dexter Gordon, Milt Buckner, Earl Bostic, Snooky Young, Johnny Griffin, Joe Wilder, Benny Bailey, Charles Mingus, Fats Navarro, Al Gray, and even Wes Montgomery and Betty Carter. Hampton's popularity allowed him to continue leading big bands off and on into the mid-'90s, and the 1953 edition that visited Paris (with Clifford Brown, Art Farmer, Quincy Jones, Jimmy Cleveland, Gigi Gryce, George Wallington, and Annie Ross) would be difficult to top, although fights over money and the right of the sideman to record led to its breakup. Hampton appeared and recorded with many all-star groups in the 1950s including reunions with Benny Goodman, meetings with the Oscar Peterson Trio, Stan Getz, Buddy DeFranco, and as part of a trio with Art Tatum and Buddy Rich. He also was featured in The Benny Goodman Story (1956).

Since the 1950s, Lionel Hampton has mostly repeated past triumphs, always playing "Hamp's Boogie Woogie" (which features his very rapid two-finger piano playing), "Hey Ba-Ba-Re-Bop," and "Flying Home." However, his enthusiasm still causes excitement and he remains a household name. Hampton has recorded through the years for nearly every label, including two of his own (Glad Hamp and Who's Who). Despite strokes and the ravages of age, Lionel Hampton remained a vital force into the 1990s. In January 2001, a vibraphone he had played for 15 years was put into the National Museum of American History.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=7376 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.lionelhampton.nl The Lionel Hampton Story 1908 - 2002
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Hampton About from 'wikipedia'
www.duke.edu/~hlh2 Biography [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lionel_Hampton About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Lionel Hampton - 'Crazy Rhythm' - 1977, TIM Cz, Past Perfect
 Lionel Hampton - 'Dizzy Spells' - 1977, Jazz Hour, Jazz Time
 Lionel Hampton - 'Just Jazz: Live At The Blue Note' - 1992, Telarc
 Lionel Hampton - 'Satin Doll' - 1977, TIM CZ, Past Perfect
 Lionel Hampton - 'Supreme Jazz' - 2006, Membran, Supreme Jazz
 Lionel Hampton - 'The Lionel Hampton Quintet' - 1954, Verve
 Lionel Hampton - 'Verve Jazz Masters 26' - 1994, Verve
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Chick Corea - 'Sea Breeze' - 2002, Universe
 Stan Getz - 'Hamp And Getz' - 1955, Verve
 Woody Herman - 'Jazz Showcase' - 2002, Past Perfect
 Marian McPartland - 'Marian McPartland's Piano Jazz Lionel Hampton' - 2004, Concord Jazz, Jazz Alliance
 Buddy Rich - 'Transition' - 1974, MCR Production
  как соисполнитель ...
 Chu Berry - 'Berry Story 1936-1939' - 1996, Jazz Archives
 Charlie Christian - 'Blues In B' - 2006, Le Chant du Monde
 Charlie Christian - 'Guitar Wizard' - 1996, Le Jazz
 Bill Coleman - 'Cuttin' Out' - 2011, History
 Dexter Gordon - 'Lullaby Of Birdland, Vol.2' - 1992, A Jazz Hour With
 Coleman Hawkins - 'Super Session' - 2002, History
 Milt Hinton - 'Old Man Time' - 1990, Chiaroscuro Records
 Charles Mingus - 'His Final Work' - 1977, Point
 Gerry Mulligan - 'Walking Shoes' - 2012, GRP
 Buddy Rich - 'Lionel Hampton Presents Buddy Rich' - 1977, Who's Who in Jazz
 Axel Zwingenberger - 'The Boogie Woogie Album' - 1982, Vagab

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 30/05/2016 16:52:14

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