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     Roy Eldridge

Real name: David Roy Eldridge
Born: Jan 30, 1911 in Pittsburgh, PA
Died: Feb 26, 1989 in Valley Stream, NY
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Mainstream Jazz, Swing
Instruments: Trumpet

One of the most exciting trumpeters to emerge during the swing era, Roy Eldridge's combative approach, chancetaking style and strong musicianship were an inspiration (and an influence) to the next musical generation, most notably Dizzy Gillespie. Although he sometimes pushed himself farther than he could go, Eldridge never played a dull solo!

Roy Eldridge started out playing trumpet and drums in carnival and circus bands. With the Nighthawk Syncopators he received a bit of attention by playing a note-for-note recreation of Coleman Hawkins' tenor solo on "The Stampede." Inspired by the dynamic playing of Jabbo Smith (Eldridge would not discover Louis Armstrong for a few years), Roy played with some territory bands including Zack Whyte and Speed Webb and in New York (where he arrive in 1931) he worked with Elmer Snowden (who nicknamed him "Little Jazz"), McKinney's Cotton Pickers and most importantly Teddy Hill (1935). Eldridge's recorded solos with Hill, backing Billie Holiday and with Fletcher Henderson (including his 1936 hit "Christopher Columbus") gained a great deal of attention. In 1937 he appeared with his octet (which included brother Joe on alto) at the Three Deuces Club in Chicago and recorded some outstanding selections as a leader including "Heckler's Hop" and "Wabash Stomp." By 1939 Roy had a larger group playing at the Arcadia Ballroom in New York. With the decline of Bunny Berigan and the increasing predictability of Louis Armstrong, Eldridge was arguably the top trumepter in jazz during this era.

During 1941-42 Eldridge sparked Gene Krupa's Orchestra, recording classic versions of "Rockin' Chair" and "After You've Gone" and interacting with Anita O'Day on "Let Me Off Uptown." The difficulties of travelling with a White band during a racist period hurt him as did some of the incidents that occurred during his stay with Artie Shaw (1944-45) but the music during both stints was quite memorable. Eldridge can be seen in several "soundies" (short promotional film devoted to single songs) of this era by the Krupa band, often in association with O'Day, including "Let Me Off Uptown" and "Thanks for the Boogie Ride." He is also very prominent in the band's appearance in Howard Hawks' Ball of Fire, in an extended performance of "Drum Boogie" mimed by Barbara Stanwyck, taking a long trumpet solo - the clip was filmed soon after Eldridge joined the band in late April of 1941, and "Drum Boogie" was a song that Eldridge co-wrote with Krupa.

Eldridge had a short-lived big band of his own, toured with Jazz at the Philharmonic and then had a bit of an identity crisis when he realized that his playing was not as modern as the beboppers. A successful stay in France during 1950-51 restored his confidence when he realized that being original was more important than being up-to-date. Eldridge recorded steadily for Norman Granz in the 1950s, was one of the stars of JATP (where he battled Charlie Shavers and Dizzy Gillespie) and by 1956 was often teamed with Coleman Hawkins in a quintet; their 1957 appearance at Newport was quite memorable. The 1960s were tougher as recording opportunities and work became rarer. Eldridge had brief and unhappy stints with Count Basie's Orchestra and Ella Fitzgerald (feeling unnecessary in both contexts) but was leading his own group by the end of the decade. He spent much of the 1970s playing regularly at Ryan's and recording for Pablo and, although his range had shrunk a bit, Eldridge's competitive spirit was still very much intact. Only a serious stroke in 1980 was able to halt his horn. Roy Eldridge recorded throughout his career for virtually every label.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)


РОЙ ЭЛДРИДЖ. 1911-1989. Выдающийся трубач свингового джаза в биг-бэндах и комбо по прозвищу "Маленький джаз", а также вокалист, флюгельгорнист и ударник. Родился в Питтсбурге (шт. Пенсильвания), учился музыке со своим старшим братом Джо, который играл на скрипке и альте. Рой взялся за барабаны в 6 лет, но вскоре перешел на трубу. Переехал в Нью-Йорк в ноябре 1930 г., где работал с рядом гарлемских танцевальных оркестров Сесила Скотта, Элмера Джонсона, Тедди Хилла, в 1936-37 был у Флетчера Хендерсона, затем руководил своим бэндом (1939-40), а в 1941-43 г.г. являлся ведущей звездой (как трубач и певец) с оркестром Джина Крупы. Позднее работал на радио, гастролировал с оркестром Арти Шоу, в 1950 г. был в европейском турне с секстетом Бенни Гудмена и т.д. В 50-х работал с группой Нормана Гранца "Джаз Филармоник", записывался с Каун-том Бэйси, аккомпанировал Элле Фитцджералд, выступал на фестивалях и в джаз-клубах. В октябре 1980 г. перенес сильный сердечный приступ и играть стал меньше. Умер 26 февраля 1989 г. Наряду с Луи Армстронгом, затем Диззи Гиллеспи и Майлсом Дэвисом, Элдридж был одним из столпов истории трубы в джазе XX в.

Nat Shapiro, Nat Hentoff. "Hear Me Talkin' To Ya". Rinehart & Co Inc. New York. 1955

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.pbs.org/jazz/biography/artist_id_eldridge_roy.htm Biography
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=6511 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Eldridge About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Roy_Eldridge About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Roy Eldridge - '1945-1947' - 1998, Classics
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Paul Gonsalves - 'Mexican Bandit Meets Pittsburgh Pirate' - 1992, OJC, Fantasy
 Earl Hines - 'Grand Reunion' - 1965, Polygram
 Lester Young - 'Laughin' To Keep From Cryin'' - 1958, Polygram
  как соисполнитель ...
 Mildred Bailey - '1937-1938' - 2000, Classics
 Chu Berry - 'Berry Story 1936-1939' - 1996, Jazz Archives
 Bill Coleman - 'Cuttin' Out' - 2011, History
 Putney Dandridge - 'Complete Recordings Putney Dandridge 1935 - 1936' - 1995, Timeless
 Eric Dolphy - 'Candid Dolphy' - 1960, Candid
 Herb Ellis - 'Nothing But The Blues' - 1994, Verve
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Louis Sing Gershwin' - 1998, Verve
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'The Trumpet Kings Meet Joe Turner' - 1974, Pablo Records
 Lionel Hampton - 'Verve Jazz Masters 26' - 1994, Verve
 Johnny Hodges - 'Passion Flower' - 1994, Giants Of Jazz, Ars Nova
 Johnny Hodges - 'Side By Side' - 1959, Verve
 Johnny Hodges - 'Triple Play' - 1967, Bluebird, RCA
 Charles Mingus - 'The Complete Candid Recordings Of Charles Mingus' - 1960, Mosaic
 Anita O'Day - 'Anita O'Day Swings Cole Porter With Billy May' - 1959, Verve
 Anita O'Day - 'Anita O'Day: Diva Series' - 2003, Verve
 Anita O'Day - 'Let Me Off Uptown' - 1996, Pearl Flapper
 Oscar Peterson - 'A Jazz Odyssey' - 2002, Universal Int.
 Oscar Peterson - 'Jousts' - 1975, Pablo, Galactic
 Ike Quebec - 'The Strong Tenor Of Mister Quebec 1943-1946' - 2000, EPM
 Artie Shaw - 'Highlights From Self Portrait (Bluebird Anthology)' - 2001, Bluebird RCA
 Artie Shaw - 'The Essential Artie Shaw' - 2005, Bluebird RCA
 Ben Webster - 'Ben Webster's Finest Hour' - 2000, Verve
 Ben Webster - 'Tenor Giants' - 1957, Verve, Enja
 Ben Webster - 'The Soul Of Ben Webster' - 1995, Verve
 Mary Lou Williams - 'Mary Lou Williams And The Trumpet Giants' - 1955, Lone Hill Jazz
 Lester Young - 'The Jazz Giants. These Foolish Things' - 1956, Galactic

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:40:12

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