Real name: Wilbur Dorsey Clayton
Born: Nov 12, 1911 in Parsons, KS
Died: Dec 8, 1991 in New York, NY
Styles: Mainstream Jazz, Swing
Instruments: Arranger, Trumpet
An excellent bandleader and accompanist for many vocalists, including Billie Holiday, Buck Clayton was a valued soloist with Count Basie Orchestra during the '30s and '40s, and later was a celebrated studio and jam session player, writer, and arranger. His tart, striking tone and melodic dexterity were his trademark, and Clayton provided several charts for Basie's orchestra and many other groups. Clayton began his career in California, where he organized a big band that had a residency in China in 1934. When he returned, Clayton led a group and played with other local bands. During a 1936 visit to Kansas City, he was invited to join Basie's orchestra as a replacement for Hot Lips Page. Clayton was also featured on sessions with Lester Young, Teddy Wilson, and Holiday in the late '30s. He remained in the Basie band until 1943, when he left for army service. After leaving the army, Clayton did arrangements for Basie, Benny Goodman, and Harry James before forming a sextet in the late '40s. He toured Europe with this group in 1949 and 1950. Clayton continued heading a combo during the '50s, and worked with Joe Bushkin, Tony Parenti, and Jimmy Rushing, among others. He organized a series of outstanding recordings for Columbia in the mid-'50s under the title Jam Session (compiled and reissued by Mosaic in 1993). There were sessions with Rushing, Ruby Braff, and Nat Pierce. Clayton led a combo with Coleman Hawkins and J.J. Johnson at the 1956 Newport Jazz Festival, then reunited with Goodman in 1957 at the Waldorf Astoria. There was another European tour, this time with Mezz Mezzrow. He appeared in the 1956 film The Benny Goodman Story and played the 1958 Brussels World Fair with Sidney Bechet. Clayton later made another European visit with a Newport Jazz Festival tour. He joined Eddie Condon's band in 1959, a year after appearing in the film Jazz on a Summer's Day. Clayton toured Japan and Australia with Condon's group in 1964, and continued to revisit Europe throughout the '60s, often with Humphrey Lyttelton's band, while playing festivals across the country. But lip and health problems virtually ended his playing career in the late '60s. After a period outside of music, Clayton once again became active in music, this time as a non-playing arranger, touring Africa as part of a State Department series in 1977. He provided arrangements and compositions for a 1974 Lyttleton and Buddy Tate album, and did more jam session albums for Chiaroscuro in 1974 and 1975. He also became an educator, teaching at Hunter College in the early '80s. Clayton led a group of Basie sidemen on a European tour in 1983, then headed his own big band in 1987 that played almost exclusively his compositions and arrangements. That same year Clayton's extensive autobiography Buck Clayton's Jazz World, with Nancy Miller-Elliot, was published.
- Ron Wynn (All Music Guide)
БАК КЛЭЙТОН. 1911-1991, трубач, композитор, аранжировщик. Родился в Канзасе, с 19 лет играл в церковном оркестре. В 1932 г. уехал в Калифорнию, а в 1934-36 работал в Шанхае (Китай) с пианистом Тедди Уэзерфордом. Вернувшись в США, он вошел в бэнд Каунта Бэйси и оставался с ним до 1943 г. Потом играл в малых составах, много гастролировал по свету, включая частые появления в Европе, выступал в концертах, участвовал в джаз-фестивалях. Весной 1970 г. ему сделали операцию на губах, затем преподавал и еще играл около 10 лет, а в 1987 г. даже собрал биг-бэнд, исполнявший его собственные композиции и пьесы из репертуара Каунта Бэйси. В том же году вышла его биография "Джазовый мир Бака Клэйтона". Умер 8 декабря 1991 г. в Нью-Йорке.
Nat Shapiro, Nat Hentoff. "Hear Me Talkin' To Ya". Rinehart & Co Inc. New York. 1955