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     Kenny Clarke

Real name: Kenneth Spearman Clarke
Born: Jan 9, 1914 in Pittsburgh, PA
Died: Jan 26, 1985 in Paris, France
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Bop
Instruments: Drums

Kenny Clarke was a highly influential if subtle drummer who helped to define bebop drumming. He was the first to shift the time-keeping rhythm from the bass drum to the ride cymbal, an innovation that has been copied and utilized by a countless number of drummers since the early '40s.

Clarke played vibes, piano and trombone in addition to drums while in school. After stints with Roy Eldridge (1935) and the Jeter-Pillars band, Clarke joined Edgar Hayes' Big Band (1937-38). He made his recording debut with Hayes (which is available on a Classics CD) and showed that he was one of the most swinging drummers of the era. A European tour with Hayes gave Clarke an opportunity to lead his own session, but doubling on vibes was a definite mistake! Stints with the orchestras of Claude Hopkins (1939) and Teddy Hill (1940-41) followed and then Clarke led the house band at Minton's Playhouse (which also included Thelonious Monk). The legendary after-hours sessions led to the formation of bop and it was during this time that Clarke modernized his style and received the nickname "Klook-Mop" (later shortened to "Klook") due to the irregular "bombs" he would play behind soloists. A flexible drummer, Clarke was still able to uplift the more traditional orchestras of Louis Armstrong and Ella Fitzgerald (1941) and the combos of Benny Carter (1941-42), Red Allen and Coleman Hawkins; he also recorded with Sidney Bechet. However after spending time in the military, Clarke stayed in the bop field, working with Dizzy Gillespie's big band and leading his own modern sessions; he co-wrote "Epistrophy" with Monk and "Salt Peanuts" with Gillespie. Clarke spent the late '40s in Europe, was with Billy Eckstine in the U.S. in 1951 and became an original member of the Modern Jazz Quartet (1951-55). However he felt confined by the music and quit the MJQ to freelance, performing on an enormous amount of records during 1955-56.

In 1956 Clarke moved to France where he did studio work, was hired by touring American all-stars and played with Bud Powell and Oscar Pettiford in a trio called the Three Bosses (1959-60). Clarke was co-leader with Francy Boland of a legendary all-star big band (1961-72), one that had Kenny Clarke playing second drums! Other than a few short visits home, Kenny Clarke worked in France for the remainder of his life and was a major figure on the European jazz scene.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)


КЕНИИ КЛАРК. 1914-1985. Виднейший барабанщик современного джаза, отец и брат были музыкантами. В 30-х играл с десятками самых разных джазменов, затем в 40-х стал одним из наиболее активных участников нового стиля "боп" как ударник (наряду с Максом Роучем). Играл с биг-бэндом Диззи Гиллеспи (1946-1948), а в апреле 1952 г. помог организовать знаменитую впоследствии группу "Модерн Джаз Квартет" и оставался с ними до февраля 1955 г. Потом переехал жить во Францию, где работал как с гастролирующими американскими музыкантами, так и являлся соучредителем с 1962 г. вместе с французским пианистом Франси Боландом уникального джазового биг-бэнда под их собственным именем, который просуществовал до 1973 г. Кларк оставался в Европе вплоть до своей смерти 26 января 1985 г. Боланд умер спустя несколько недель.

Nat Shapiro, Nat Hentoff. "Hear Me Talkin' To Ya". Rinehart & Co Inc. New York. 1955

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=5734 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Clarke About from 'wikipedia'
www.duke.edu/~kwf1 About, accomplishments, miscellaneous [mobile]
www.duke.edu/~sed3/KennyClarke/ Biography, discography [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kenny_Clarke About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Kenny Clarke - 'Bohemia After Dark' - 1955, Savoy Jazz
 Kenny Clarke - 'Now Hear Our Meanin: The Complete 1963 Recordings' - 2009, Jazz Lips
 Kenny Clarke - 'Our Kinda Strauss' - 1999, Rearward
 Kenny Clarke - 'Two Originals: All Blues. Sax No End' - 1994, MPS Records
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Hank Jones - 'The Trio' - 1955, Fresh Sound
  как соисполнитель ...
 Nat Adderley - 'Adderley Brothers' - 2006, Brilliant
 Gene Ammons - 'All-Star Sessions' - 1993, OJC
 Clifford Brown - 'Joy Spring' - 2005, MCPS, Proper
 Kenny Burrell - 'Jazzmen Detroit' - 1992, Savoy-Japan
 Kenny Burrell - 'Monday Stroll' - 1994, Savoy Jazz
 Charlie Christian - 'After Hours' - 2000, OJC
 Charlie Christian - 'Blues In B' - 2006, Le Chant du Monde
 Charlie Christian - 'Guitar Wizard' - 1996, Le Jazz
 Miles Davis - 'Bags' Groove' - 1957, OJC
 Miles Davis - 'Ballads And Blues' - 1996, Blue Note
 Miles Davis - 'Blue Haze' - 1954, OJC, Prestige
 Miles Davis - 'In Paris Festival International De Jazz May 1949' - 1977, Columbia, The Jazz Factory
 Miles Davis - 'Lift To The Scaffold' - 1958, Fontana, Ars Nova
 Miles Davis - 'The Complete Birth Of The Cool' - 1998, Blue Note
 Miles Davis - 'Walkin'' - 1987, Prestige, OJC
 Kenny Dorham - 'Kenny Dorham Quintet' - 1993, OJC, Debut
 Art Farmer - 'When Farmer Met Gryce' - 1955, OJC
 Frank Foster - 'Here Comes Frank Foster' - 1998, Blue Note
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'Groovin' High' - 1992, Savoy
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'Odyssey 1945-1952' - 2002, Savoy Jazz
 Dexter Gordon - 'Ballads' - 1961, Blue Note
 Dexter Gordon - 'Our Man In Paris' - 1963, Blue Note, M&A Group, Planet Music
 Stephane Grappelli - 'Afternoon In Paris' - 1971, Verve
 Gigi Gryce - 'Nica's Tempo' - 1955, Savoy
 J.J. Johnson - 'Complete Fifties Studio Recordings' - 2005, Lone Hill Jazz
 J.J. Johnson - 'Jay & Kai' - 1954, Savoy Records
 Hank Jones - 'Une Anthologie 1947-1956' - 2008, Nocturne, BDjazz
 Thad Jones - 'The Fabulous: Thad Jones' - 1958, Debut Records, OJC
 King Pleasure - 'King Pleasure Sings. Annie Ross Sings' - 1954, OJC
 John Lewis - 'Afternoon In Paris' - 2012, Atlantic-Japan
 Howard McGhee - '1948' - 1999, Classics
 Thelonious Monk - 'Plays Duke Ellington. The Unique Thelonious Monk' - 1955, Riverside, OJC
 Thelonious Monk - 'The Art Of The Ballad' - 1998, Prestige
 Thelonious Monk - 'The Complete Prestige Recordings' - 2000, Presige
 Frank Morgan - 'Bird Calls, Vol. 2' - 1954, Savoy
 Fats Navarro - 'Dameronia' - 1999, Jazz Archives
 Fats Navarro - 'The Complete Blue Note And Capitol Recordings Of Fats Navarro And Tadd Dameron' - 1995, Blue Note
 Harold Nicholas - 'Jazz In Paris: June Richmond Andy Bey' - 2000, Universal Music (France)
 Charlie Parker - 'Charlie Parker At Storyville' - 1953, Blue Note
 Oscar Peterson - 'Quartet. Vol 1,2' - 1973, Verve, Sunnyside
 Sonny Rollins - 'Scoops' - 2002, Past Perfect
 Annie Ross - 'Four Classic Albums Plus' - 2009, Avid Jazz
 Horace Silver - 'Silver's Blue' - 1956, Columbia
 Sonny Stitt - 'Sonny Stitt Feat. Howard McGhee' - 1988, Jazz Life
 Clark Terry - 'Clark Terry' - 1955, Verve
 Sister Rosetta Tharpe - 'From Blues To Gospel' - 2006, Comet Records
 Various Artists - 'The Art Of Jazz' - 1999, Blue Note
 Frank Wess - 'Jazz For Playboys' - 1957, Savoy
 Barney Wilen - 'Un Temoin Dans La Ville. Jazz Sur Seine' - 1959, Fontana

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 30/05/2016 16:51:59

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