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     Led Zeppelin
 
 

Formed: Jul 1968 in England
Disbanded: Dec 1980 in London, England
Genre: Pop/Rock
Styles: Blues, Blues-Rock, Hard Rock, Arena Rock, British Metal, British Blues, Album Rock, Regional Blues, Heavy Metal

Led Zeppelin was the definitive heavy metal band. It wasn't just their crushingly loud interpretation of the blues - it was how they incorporated mythology, mysticism, and a variety of other genres (most notably world music and British folk) - into their sound. Led Zeppelin had mystique. They rarely gave interviews, since the music press detested the band. Consequently, the only connection the audience had with the band was through the records and the concerts. More than any other band, Led Zeppelin established the concept of album-oriented rock, refusing to release popular songs from their albums as singles. In doing so, they established the dominant format for heavy metal, as well as the genre's actual sound.

Led Zeppelin formed out of the ashes of the Yardbirds. Jimmy Page had joined the band in its final days, playing a pivotal role on their final album, 1967's Little Games, which also featured string arrangements from John Paul Jones. During 1967, the Yardbirds were fairly inactive. While the Yardbirds decided their future, Page returned to session work in 1967. In the spring of 1968, he played on Jones' arrangement of Donovan's "Hurdy Gurdy Man." During the sessions, Jones requested to be part of any future project Page would develop. Page would have to assemble a band sooner than he had planned. In the summer of 1968, the Yardbirds' Keith Relf and James McCarty left the band, leaving Page and bassist Chris Dreja with the rights to the name, as well as the obligation of fulfilling an upcoming fall tour. Page set out to find a replacement vocalist and drummer. Initially, he wanted to enlist singer Terry Reid and Procol Harum's drummer B.J. Wilson, but neither musician was able to join the group. Reid suggested that Page contact Robert Plant, who was singing with a band called Hobbstweedle.

After hearing him sing, Page asked Plant to join the band in August of 1968, the same month Chris Dreja dropped out of the new project. Following Dreja's departure, John Paul Jones joined the group as its bassist. Plant recommended that Page hire John Bonham, the drummer for Plant's old band, the Band of Joy. Bonham had to be persuaded to join the group, as he was being courted by other artists who offered the drummer considerably more money. By September, Bonham agreed to join the band. Performing under the name the New Yardbirds, the band fulfilled the Yardbirds' previously booked engagements in late September 1968. The following month, they recorded their debut album in just under 30 hours. Also in October, the group switched its name to Led Zeppelin. The band secured a contract with Atlantic Records in the United States before the end of the year. Early in 1969, Led Zeppelin set out on their first American tour, which helped set the stage for the January release of their eponymous debut album. Two months after its release, Led Zeppelin had climbed into the U.S. Top Ten. Throughout 1969, the band toured relentlessly, playing dates in America and England. While they were on the road, they recorded their second album, Led Zeppelin II, which was released in October of 1969. Like its predecessor, Led Zeppelin II was an immediate hit, topping the American charts two months after its release and spending seven weeks at number one. The album helped establish Led Zeppelin as an international concert attraction, and for the next year, the group continued to tour relentlessly. Led Zeppelin's sound began to deepen with Led Zeppelin III. Released in October of 1970, the album featured an overt British folk influence. The group's infatuation with folk and mythology would reach a fruition on the group's untitled fourth album, which was released in November of 1971. Led Zeppelin IV was the band's most musically diverse effort to date, featuring everything from the crunching rock of "Black Dog" to the folk of "The Battle of Evermore," as well as "Stairway to Heaven," which found the bridge between the two genres. "Stairway to Heaven" was an immediate radio hit, eventually becoming the most played song in the history of album-oriented radio; the song was never released as a single. Despite the fact that the album never reached number one in America, Led Zeppelin IV was their biggest album ever, selling well over 16 million copies over the next two and a half decades.

Led Zeppelin did tour to support both Led Zeppelin III and Led Zeppelin IV, but they played fewer shows than they did on their previous tours. Instead, they concentrated on only playing larger venues. After completing their 1972 tour, the band retreated from the spotlight and recorded their fifth album. Released in the spring of 1973, Houses of the Holy continued the band's musical experimentation, featuring touches of funk and reggae among their trademark rock and folk. The success of Houses of the Holy set the stage for a record-breaking American tour. Throughout their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin broke box-office records - most of which were previously held by the Beatles - across America. The group's concert at Madison Square Garden in July was filmed for use in the feature film The Song Remains the Same, which was released three years later. After their 1973 tour, Led Zeppelin spent a quiet year during 1974, releasing no new material and performing no concerts. They did, however, establish their own record label, Swan Song, which released all of Led Zeppelin's subsequent albums, as well as records by Dave Edmunds, Bad Company, the Pretty Things, and several others. Physical Graffiti, a double album released in February of 1975, was the band's first release on Swan Song. The album was an immediate success, topping the charts in both America and England. Led Zeppelin launched a large American tour in 1975, but it came to a halt when Robert Plant and his wife suffered a serious car crash while vacationing in Greece. The tour was canceled and Plant spent the rest of the year recuperating from the accident.

Led Zeppelin returned to action in the spring of 1976 with Presence. Although the album debuted at number one in both America and England, the reviews for the album were lukewarm, as was the reception to the live concert film The Song Remains the Same, which appeared in the fall of 1976. The band finally returned to tour America in the Spring of 1977. A couple of months into the tour, Plant's six-year-old son Karac died of a stomach infection. Led Zeppelin immediately canceled the tour and offered no word whether or not it would be rescheduled, causing widespread speculation about the band's future. For a while, it did appear that Led Zeppelin was finished. Robert Plant spent the latter half of 1977 and the better part of 1978 in seclusion. The group didn't begin work on a new album until late in the summer of 1978, when they began recording at ABBA's Polar studios in Sweden. A year later, the band played a short European tour, performing in Switzerland, Germany, Holland, Belgium, and Austria. In August of 1979, Led Zeppelin played two large concerts at Knebworth; the shows would be their last English performances.

In Through the Out Door, the band's much-delayed eighth studio album, was finally released in September of 1979. The album entered the charts at number one in both America and England. In May of 1980, Led Zeppelin embarked on their final European tour. In September, Led Zeppelin began rehearsing at Jimmy Page's house in preparation for an American tour. On September 25, John Bonham was found dead in his bed - following an all-day drinking binge, he had passed out and choked on his own vomit. In December of 1980, Led Zeppelin announced they were disbanding, since they could not continue without Bonham.

Following the breakup, the remaining members all began solo careers. John Paul Jones returned to producing and arranging, finally releasing his solo debut, Zooma, in 1999. After recording the soundtrack for Death Wish II, Jimmy Page compiled the Zeppelin outtakes collection Coda, which was released at the end of 1982. That same year, Robert Plant began a solo career with the Pictures at Eleven album. In 1984, Plant and Page briefly reunited in the all-star oldies band the Honeydrippers. After recording one EP with the Honeydrippers, Plant returned to his solo career and Page formed the Firm with former Bad Company singer Paul Rogers. In 1985, Led Zeppelin reunited to play Live Aid, sparking off a flurry of reunion rumors; the reunion never materialized. In 1988, the band re-formed to play Atlantic's 25th anniversary concert. During 1989, Page remastered the band's catalog for release on the 1990 box set Led Zeppelin. The four-disc set became the biggest-selling multi-disc box set of all time, which was followed up three years later by another box set, the mammoth ten-disc set The Complete Studio Recordings.

- Stephen Thomas Erlewine (All Music Guide)

=======

Группа образована в 1968 году в Великобритании.

Джимми Пейдж (полное имя Джеймс Патрик Пейдж) - гитара
Роберт Плант (полное имя Роберт Энтони Плант) - вокал, гармоника
Джон Пол Джонс (настоящее имя Джон Болдуин) - бас-гитара, клавишные, вокал,
Джон "Бонзо" Бонхэм - ударные.

После распада известной английской группы Yardbirds ее гитарист Дж. Пейдж собирает новую группу, чтобы провести гастроли, запланированные по контракту Yardbirds. Первым делом, он пригласил Дж. П.Джонса, игравшего с Пейджем в Yardbirds (одно время, после выхода из состава Джеффа Бекка, он был вторым гитаристом). Джонс имел солидное прошлое: в качестве сейшнмена он работал с The Rolling Stones, The Kinks, Дасти Спрингфилд, Lulu (у всех - как пианист), входил в состав группы Джета Харриса и Тони Миана (бас-гитара). Сам Пейдж работал с The Rolling Stones, The Kinks, The Who, играл с группой Джорджа Фейма. К ним присоединились барабанщик из Бирмингема Дж. Бонхэм и бывший вокалист группы Band Of Joy P. Плант.

Под названием New Yardbirds музыканты провели гастроли в Швеции и Финляндии; позже менеджер группы Питер Грант по совету барабанщика The Who Кейта Муна предложил название Led Zeppelin (искаженное от "Lead", т.е. "покрытый свинцом"). Грант сумел получить выгодный контракт с американской фирмой Atlantic, и в конце 1968 года группа выпустила первый альбом, записанный всего за сутки с небольшим. В феврале 1969 года Led Zeppelin провели гастроли по США (выступая перед группой Vanilla Fudge); в это же время их первый диск попал в Тор 10, затем стал "золотым". Второй альбом через два месяца после выхода достиг первого места и получил "платину" (с тех пор каждый диск Led Zeppelin становился "платиновым").

Как и их предшественники Yardbirds, Led Zeppelin исповедовали блюзовую манеру игры, в репертуар группы неизменно входили композиции Хаулин' Вулфа, Алберта Кинга и Вилли Диксона. Однако Дж.Пейдж привнес в классический блюз свое собственное понимание этой музыки, его "чувство гитары" было поистине уникальным (не говоря уже о технике игры), он тщательно "выписывал" каждый звук. Мощнейшая ритм-секция и уникальный для белого певца негритянский тембр голоса Р.Планта сделали подражание Led Zeppelin невозможным (манеру группы можно лишь слепо копировать, как это делали Kingdom Come).

Импровизация, на которой основывалось творчество Led Zeppelin, имела и свою обратную сторону: композиции были, как правило, длинными, и радиостанции отказывались транслировать их в оригинальном виде (несмотря на все просьбы создать специальные версии для радио, группа никогда не шла на компромисс).

После выхода четвертого альбом группа несколько сократила свои гастрольные поездки, а после американского турне 1973 года, побившего рекорды распродажи билетов, и вовсе прекратила их. В 1974 году Led Zeppelin учредили свою собственную форму грамзаписи Swan Song.

В 1975 году Led Zeppelin вновь начали гастролировать, однако автомобильная авария, в которую по пала семья Р.Планта, снова заставила группу сократить поездки. В том же 1975 году Led Zeppelin выпустили двойной альбом "Physical Graffiti", композиции которого значительно опередили свое время и стали своего рода ориентиром для групп, которые пришли им на смену.

В 1976 году группа выпустила двойной концертный альбом и фильм, популярность Led Zeppelin была беспредельной, но в 1977 году от вирусной инфекции умер сын Р.Планта, и вновь группа отказывается от концертов почти на два года. В это время поползли слухи о возможном распаде Led Zeppelin. Однако в конце 1978 года группа записывает в Швеции очередной альбом (он вышел летом 1979-го) запись происходила в студии шведской группы АВВА.

В августе 1979 года Led Zeppelin дали большой концерт в Англии, приготовились к записи следующей пластинки, однако приступили к студийной работе лишь через год. А 25 сентября 1980 года от алкогольного отравления погиб Дж.Бонхэм.

С этого дня Led Zeppelin больше не существует...

С того же самого дня ходят упорные слухи о воссоединении группы, публика и журналисты называют возможные кандидатуры барабанщиков, но музыканты отвергают подобные гипотезы. Хотя в последнее время у Дж.Бонхэма появился достойный приемник, его сын Джесон.

После некоторого перерыва каждый из музыкантов Led Zeppelin приступил к сольной работе. В 1984 году Плант и Пейдж (с Джеффом Беком и Найлом Роджерсом) организовали группу Honeydrippers, которуя записала один альбом "Volume One" (1984), а Дж.П.Джонс некоторые время продюсировал английскую группу The Mission.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
led-zeppelin.org/reference/lyrics.html Led Zeppelin. /lyrics/
www.led-zeppelin.com Official website by Led Zepelin. News. Bio. Discography. Tour. Lyrics. /lyrics/
led-zeppelin.org UnOfficial website by The Led Zeppelin. News. Bio. Discography. Ring of Zep.
www.ledzeppelin.ru Все о Led Zeppelin из России [ru]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Led_Zeppelin О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
   
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CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Led Zeppelin - 'Greatest Hits' - 2000, Sony Music
 Led Zeppelin - 'Houses Of The Holy' - 1973, Atlantic
 Led Zeppelin - 'Led Zeppelin I' - 1969, Ars Nova, Atlantic
 Led Zeppelin - 'Led Zeppelin II' - 1969, Ars Nova, Atlantic
 Led Zeppelin - 'Led Zeppelin III' - 1970, Ars Nova, Atlantic
 Led Zeppelin - 'Led Zeppelin IV' - 1971, Ars Nova, Atlantic
 Led Zeppelin - 'Presence' - 1976, Atco
 


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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 13/10/2015 23:37:35

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