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     Tom Waits
 
 

b. 7 December 1949, Pomona, California, USA. A gifted lyricist, composer and raconteur, Tom Waits began performing in the late 60s, inspired by a spell working as a doorman in a San Diego nightclub. Here he saw a miscellany of acts - string bands, comedians, C&W singers - and by absorbing portions of an attendant down-market patois, developed his nascent songwriting talent. Having appeared at the Los Angeles' Troubador 'Amateur Hoot Nights', Waits was signed by manager Herb Cohen who in turn secured a recording deal with Asylum Records. Tom Waits revealed a still-unfocused performer, as yet unable to draw together the folk, blues and singer/songwriter elements vying for prominence. It did contain 'Ol' 55', later covered by the Eagles, and 'Martha', a poignant melodrama of a now-middle-aged man telephoning his first love from 40 years previously. The Heart Of Saturday Night was an altogether more accomplished set in which the artist blended characterizations drawn from diners, truckers and waitresses, sung in a razor-edged, rasping voice, and infused with beatnik prepossessions. Waits's ability to paint blue-collar American life is encapsulated in its haunting, melodic title track. Nighthawks At The Diner, an in-concert set, and Small Change, closed the performer's first era, where the dividing line between life and art grew increasingly blurred as Waits inhabited the flophouse life he sang about. Foreign Affairs unveiled a widening perspective and while the influence of 'Beat' writers Jack Kerouac and Allen Ginsberg still inhabited his work - as celebrated in 'Jack And Neal/California Here I Come' - a duet with Bette Midler, 'I Never Talk To Strangers', provided the impetus for his film soundtrack to One From The Heart. Blue Valentine was marked by its balance between lyrical ballads and up-front R&B, a contrast maintained on Heartattack And Vine. A tough combo prevailed on half of its content.

Elsewhere, the composer's gift for emotive melody flourished on 'Jersey Girl', later covered by Bruce Springsteen. The album marked the end of Waits's term with both Cohen and Asylum; in 1983 he opted for Island Records and signalled a new musical direction with the radical Swordfishtrombones. Exotic instruments, sound textures and offbeat rhythms marked a content which owed more to Captain Beefheart and composer Harry Partch than dowdy motel rooms. Waits came close to having a hit single in 1983 with the evocative 'In The Neighbourhood', complete with a stunning sepia video. Waits also emphasized his interest in cinema with acting roles in Rumble Fish, Down By Law and Ironweed, in the process completing the exemplary Rain Dogs, which featured support from Keith Richard(s)on 'Big Black Mariah'. It also included 'Downtown Train', another in a series of romantic vignettes and later a hit for Rod Stewart. Waits' next release, Frank's Wild Years, comprised material drawn from a play written with his wife Kathleen Brennan and based on a song from Swordfishtrombones. Big Time, meanwhile, was the soundtrack to a concert film, since which the artist's recording career has been distinctly low-key. He continued his cinematic career with roles in Candy Mountain and Cold Feet and in 1989 Waits made his theatrical debut in Demon Wine. Bone Machine in 1992 was for many his finest album, although this perplexing genius still is only a cult figure. He entered into litigation in 1993 with his objection to the use of his 'Heartattack And Vine', with Screamin' Jay Hawkins'voice for a Levi's television advertisement. A grovelling public apology was made via the national music press from Levi's in 1995. Similarly he won his case against his previous music publisher for other songs licensed for television advertising, notably 'Ruby's Arms' and 'Opening Montage/Once Upon A Town'.

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Певец, композитор, киноактер Том Уэйтс родился 7 декабря 1949 года в США.

Том Уэйтс, пожалуй, один из последних битников - он всегда уверял, что року предпочитает джаз, а в литературе его сердце отдано Джеку Керуаку и Чарльзу Буковскому. Начал выступать с собственными песнями в клубе "Трубадур" в Лос-Анджелесе в 1969 году, там его услышал менеджер Фрэнка Заппы и предложил ему свои услуги и финансовую поддержку. Уэйтс исполняет свои собственные песни, его произведения вошли в репертуар многих групп и исполнителей, активно снимается в кино.

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Born: Dec 7, 1949 in Pomona, CA
Genres: Rock
Styles: College Rock, Album Rock, Experimental Rock, Beat Poetry
Instruments: Vocals, Harmonium, Songwriter, Piano, Guitar, Organ

In the 1970s, Tom Waits combined a lyrical focus on desperate, lowlife characters with a persona that seemed to embody the same lifestyle, which he sang about in a raspy, gravelly voice. From the '80s on, his work became increasingly theatrical as he moved into acting and composing. Growing up in Southern California, Waits attracted the attention of manager Herb Cohen, who also handled Frank Zappa, and was signed by him at the beginning of the 1970s, resulting in the material later released as The Early Years and The Early Years, Vol. 2. His formal recording debut came with Closing Time (1973) on Asylum Records, an album that contained "Ol' 55," which was covered by labelmates the Eagles on their On the Border album. Waits attracted critical acclaim and a cult audience for his subsequent albums, The Heart of Saturday Night (1974), the two-LP live set Nighthawks at the Diner (1975), Small Change (1976), Foreign Affairs (1977), Blue Valentine (1978), and Heart Attack and Vine (1980). His music and persona proved highly cinematic, and starting in 1978 he launched parallel careers as an actor and as a composer of movie music. He wrote songs for and appeared in Paradise Alley (1978), wrote the title song for On the Nickel (1980), and was hired by director Francis Coppola to write the music for One from the Heart (1982), which earned him an Academy Award nomination. While working on that project, Waits met and married playwright Kathleen Brennan, with whom he later collaborated. Moving to Island Records, Waits made Swordfishtrombones (1983), which found him experimenting with horns and percussion and using unusual recording techniques. The same year, he appeared in in Coppola's Rumble Fish and The Outsiders, and in 1984, he appeared in the director's The Cotton Club. In 1985, he released Rain Dogs. In 1986, he appeared in Down by Law and made his theatrical debut with Chicago's Steppenwolf Theatre in Frank's Wild Years, a musical play he had written with Brennan. An album based on the play was released in 1987, the same year Waits appeared in the films Candy Mountain and Ironweed. In 1988, he released a film and soundtrack album depicting one of his concerts, Big Time. In 1989, he appeared in the films Bearskin: An Urban Fairytale, Cold Feet, and Wait Until Spring. In 1991, he appeared in the films Queens' Logic, The Fisher King, and At Play in the Fields of the Lord. In 1992, he scored the film Night on Earth, released the album Bone Machine, which won a Grammy Award for Best Alternative Music Album, and appeared in the films Deadfall and Bram Stoker's Dracula. In 1993, he released The Black Rider, the recording of a musical he had co-written with Beat novelist William Burroughs for opera director Robert Wilson in 1990, and appeared in the film Short Cuts. A long absence from recording resulted in the 1998 release of Beautiful Maladies, a retrospective of his work for Island. In 1999, Waits finally returned with a new album, Mule Variations.

- William Ruhlmann (All Music Guide)


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
audio.msk.ru/waits/main.html Российский сайт Tom Waits. история, новости, туры, тексты и т.п. [ru]
tom-waits.spb.ru Российский сайт о Tom Waits. история, новости, тексты и т.п. [ru]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Waits About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Уэйтс,_Том О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tom_Waits About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Уэйтс,_Том О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
   
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CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Tom Waits - 'Alice' - 2002, Dora, Epitaph
 Tom Waits - 'Beatiful Maladies' - 1998, Island, Dora
 Tom Waits - 'Blood Money' - 2002, Dora, Epitaph
 Tom Waits - 'Blue Valentine' - 1978, Asylum, Stress Records
 Tom Waits - 'Bone Machine' - 1992, Island Records Ltd., Grammy Records
 Tom Waits - 'Closing Time' - 1973, Asylum
 Tom Waits - 'Foreign Affairs' - 1977, Asylum
 Tom Waits - 'Franks Wild Years' - 1987, Island
 Tom Waits - 'Heartattack And Vine' - 1980, Asylum
 Tom Waits - 'Mule Variations' - 1999, Anti, Epitaph
 Tom Waits - 'Nighthawks At The Diner' - 1975, Asylum, Grammy Records
 Tom Waits - 'One From The Heart' - 2002, Dora
 Tom Waits - 'Rain Dogs' - 1985, Island Records Ltd., Dora
 Tom Waits - 'Real Gone' - 2004, Anti
 Tom Waits - 'Shadows Of Intolerance' - 1982,
 Tom Waits - 'Small Change' - 1976, Asylum
 Tom Waits - 'Swordfishtrombones' - 1983, Island
 Tom Waits - 'The Heart Of Saturday Night' - 1974, Asylum
 Tom Waits - 'The Heart Of Shaboo Night' -
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 John Hammond Jr. - 'Wicked Grin' - 2001, Virgin
 Chuck Weiss - 'Extremely Cool' - 1999, Slow River
  как соисполнитель ...
 Richie Cole - 'Hollywood Madness' - 1979, Hollywood Madness
 Dave Douglas - 'Witness' - 2001, Prospekt, RCA
 Kurt Weill - 'Lost In The Stars: The Music Of Kurt Weill' - 1985, A&M
 


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