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     Carl Maria Von Weber
 
 

Carl Maria (Friedrich Ernst) von Weber (Born; Eutin, ?18 Nov 1786; Died; London, 5 June 1826). German composer. He studied in Salzburg (with Michael Haydn), Munich (J.N. Kalcher) and Vienna (Abbe Vogler), becoming Kapellmeister at Breslau (1804) and working for a time at Wurttemberg (1806) and Stuttgart (1807). With help from Franz Danzi, intellectual stimulation from his friends Gansbacher, Meyerbeer, Gottfried Weber and Alexander von Dusch and the encouragement of concert and operatic successes in Munich (especially Abu Hassan), Prague and Berlin, he settled down as opera director in Prague (1813-16). There he systematically reorganized the theatre's operations and built up the nucleus of a German company, concentrating on works, mostly French, that offered an example for the development of a German operatic tradition. But his searching reforms (extending to scenery, lighting, orchestral seating, rehearsal schedules and salaries) led to resentment. Not until his appointment as Royal Saxon Kapellmeister at Dresden (1817) and the unprecedented triumph of Der Freischutz (1821) in Berlin and throughout Germany did his championship of a true German opera win popular support. Official opposition continued, both from the Italian opera establishment in Dresden and from Spontini in Berlin; Weber answered critics with the grand heroic opera Euryanthe (1823, Vienna). His rapidly deteriorating health and his concern to provide for his family induced him to accept the invitation to write an English opera for London; he produced Oberon at Covent Garden in April 1826. Despite an enthusiastic English reception and every care for his health, this last journey hastened his decline; he died from tuberculosis, at 39.

Weber's Romantic leanings can be seen in the novel emotional flavour of his music and its relevance to emergent German nationalism, his delicate receptivity to nature and to literary and pictorial impressions, his parallel activities as critic, virtuoso pianist and Kapellmeister, his dedication to the evolution of a new kind of opera uniting all the arts and above all his wish to communicate feeling. His role as a father-figure of musical Romanticism was acknowledged by those who succeeded him in the movement, from Berlioz and Wagner to Debussy and Mahler. His melodic and harmonic style is rooted in classical principles, but as he matured he experimented with chromaticism (the diminished 7th chord was a particular favourite). He also was among the subtlest of orchestrators, writing for unusual but dramatically apt and vivid instrumental combinations (clarinet and horn, muted and un-muted strings etc). All his most successful music, including the songs and concertos, is to some degree dramatically inspired.

Weber won his widest audience with FreischUuml;tz, outwardly a Singspiel celebrating German folklore and country life, using an idiom touched by German folksong. Through his skilful use of motifs and his careful harmonic, visual and instrumental designs notably for the Wolf's Glen scene, the outstanding example in music of the early Romantic treatment of the sinister and the supernatural - he gave this work a new creative status. Euryanthe, despite a weak libretto, makes a further advance in the unity of harmonic and formal structures, moving towards continuous, freely composed opera. In Oberon Weber reverted to separate numbers to suit English taste, yet the work retains his characteristically subtle motivic handling and depiction of both natural and supernatural elements. Of his other works, some of the German songs, the colouristic Konzertstuck for piano and orchestra, the dramatic clarinet and bassoon concertos and the virtuoso Grand duo concertant for clarinet and piano deserve special mention.

Dramatic music Abu Hassan (1811); Der Freischutz (1821); Die drei Pintos (1821, perf. 1888); Euryanthe (1823); Oberon (1826); incidental music for Turandot (1809), Heinrich IV (1818), Preciosa (1820) and other plays; scenes, songs, romances, 5 concert arias

Choral music 3 masses, Agnus Dei; 6 secular cantatas incl. Kampf und Sieg (1815); acc choral works; 24 unacc. canons, male-voice choruses, partsongs

Vocal music Circa; 80 songs, incl. gui songs, Italian canzonettas, Scottish folksong arrs.; Leyer und Schwert collection, i-ii (1814); Die temperaments beim Verluste der Geliebten (1816), 6 duetsOrchestral music2 syms.; Pf Conc. no. 1, C(1810), Pf Conc. no. 2, EFlat; (1812); Konzertstuck, f, pf (1821); Cl Conc. no. 1, f (1811); Cl Conc. no.2, EFlat; (1811); Cl Concertino, EFlat; (1811); Bn Conc., F (1811); Horn concertino, e (1815); ovs., marches

Chamber music Pf Qt BFlat; (1809); Cl Qnt, BFlat; (1815); Grand duo concertant, Cl pf (1815); 4 pf sonatas; Aufforderung zum Tanze, pf (1819); pf duets, variations

Writings poetry, concert notices, articles on new operas; Tonkunstlers Leben, novel (1819), incl.

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ВЕБЕР Карл Мария фон (1786-1826), немецкий композитор и дирижер, музыкальный критик. Основоположник немецкой романтической оперы. 10 опер ("Вольный стрелок", 1821; "Эврианта", 1823; Оберон", 1826), виртуозные концертные пьесы для фортепиано ("Приглашение к танцу", 1819; "Концертштюк" для фортепиано с оркестром, 1821) и др.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
Bio Творческие портреты композиторов
www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=43 Biography
opera.stanford.edu/opera/Weber Works
www.tonnel.ru/?l=gzl&uid=822&op=bio Биография, творчество [ru]
stmus.nm.ru/arc/302/632.htm О композиторе. Забытые симфонии [ru]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Maria_von_Weber About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Вебер,_Карл_Мария О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Carl_Maria_von_Weber About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Вебер,_Карл_Мария О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Carl Maria Von Weber - 'Concerto & Quntet For Clarinet. Symphony No. 1' - 1995, Edition Classic
 Carl Maria Von Weber - 'Der Freischutz' - 1980, Decca
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Sviatoslav Richter - 'Richter The Master, Vol. 6. Haydn, Beethoven, Weber' - 2007, Decca
  как соисполнитель ...
 Henk De Graaf - 'The Classical Clarinet' - 2006, Brilliant Classics
 Benny Goodman - 'Konzert Fur Klarinette Und Orchester' - 1969, RCA Red Seal
 Gidon Kremer - 'Brahms, Sibelius, Schumann: Violin Concertos' - 1996, EMI
 Teresa Perez - 'Sweeeeet Sounds!' - 2009, Golden String
 


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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:32

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