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     Antonio Vivaldi
 
 

Vivaldi, Antonio (Lucio) (Born; Venice, 4 March 1678; Died; Vienna, 28 July 1741). Italian composer. He was the son of a professional violinist who played at St Mark's and may have been involved in operatic management. Vivaldi was trained for the priesthood and ordained in 1703 but soon after his ordination ceased to say Mass; he claimed this was because of his unsure health (he is known to have suffered from chest complaints, possibly asthma or angina). In 1703 he was appointed maestro di violino at the Ospedale della Piet?, one of the Venetian girls orphanages; he remained there until 1709, and held the post again, 1711-16; he then became maestro de' concerti. Later, when he was away from Venice, he retained his connection with the Piet? (at one period he sent two concertos by post each month). He became maestro di capella, 1735-8; even after then he supplied concertos and directed performances on special occasions.

Vivaldi's reputation had begun to grow with his first publications: trio sonatas (probably 1703-5), violin sonatas (1709) and especially his 12 concertos L'estro armonico op.3 (1711). These, containing some of his finest concertos, were issued in Amsterdam and widely circulated in northern Europe; this prompted visiting musicians to seek him out in Venice and in some cases commission works from him (notably for the Dresden court). Bach transcribed five op.3 concertos for keyboard, and many German composers imitated his style. He published two further sets of sonatas and seven more of concertos, including La stravaganza op.4 (Circa;1712), Il cimento dell'armonia e dell'inventione (Circa;1725, including 'The Four Seasons') and La cetra (1727). It is in the concerto that Vivaldi's chief importance lies. He was the first composer to use ritornello form regularly in fast movements, and his use of it became a model; the same is true of his three-movement plan (fast-slow-fast). His methods of securing greater thematic unity were widely copied, especially the integration of solo and ritornello material; his vigorous rhythmic patterns, his violinistic figuration and his use of sequence were also much imitated. Of his Circa;550 concertos, Circa;350 are for solo instrument (more than 230 for violin); there are Circa;40 double concertos, more than 30 for multiple soloists and nearly 60 for orchestra without solo, while more than 20 are chamber concertos for a small group of solo instruments without orchestra (the 'tutti' element is provided by the instruments all playing together). Vivaldi was an enterprising orchestrator, writing several concertos for unusual combinations like viola d'amore and lute, or for ensembles including chalumeaux, clarinets, horns and other rarities. There are also many solo concertos for bassoon, cello, oboe and flute. Some of his concertos are programmatic, for example 'La tempesta di mare' (the title of three concertos). Into this category also fall 'The Four Seasons', with their representation of seasonal activities and conditions accommodated within a standard ritornello form-these are described in the appended sonnets, which he may have written himself.

Vivaldi was also much engaged in vocal music. He wrote a quantity of sacred works, chiefly for the Pieta girls, using a vigorous style in which the influence of the concerto is often marked. He was also involved in opera and spent much time travelling to promote his works. His earliest known opera was given in Vicenza in 1713; later he worked at theatres in Venice, Mantua (1718-20), Rome (probably 1723-5), possibly Vienna and Prague (around 1730), Ferrara (1737), Amsterdam (1738) and possibly Vienna during his last visit. He was by most accounts a difficult man; in 1738 he was forbidden entry to Ferrara ostensibly because of his refusal to say Mass and his relationship with the singer Anna Giraud, a pupil of his with whom he travelled. More than 20 of his operas survive; those that have been revived include music of vitality and imagination as well as more routine items. But Vivaldi's importance lies above all in his concertos, for their boldness and originality and for their central place in the history of concerto form.

Orchestral musicover 230 vn concs., incl. 'Four Seasons', op.8 nos. 1-4 (Circa;1725); Circa;120 other solo concs. (bn, vc, ob, fl, rec etc); Circa;40 double concs. ensemble concs. ripieno concs. and sinfonias; 4 concs. for double orch Chamber musicCirca;40 vn sonatas; 9 vc sonatas; Circa;10 fl sonatas; 27 trio sonatas; 22 chamber concs. Sacred vocal musicGloria, D; Magnificat, g; psalms, hymns, motets etc; Juditha triumphans (oratorio, 1716)Secular vocal musicCirca;50 operas, Circa;20 surviving, incl. Teuzzone (1719), Tito Manlio (1720), Giustino (1724), Orlando (1727), La fida ninfa (1732), Griselda (1735); 3 serenatas; Circa;40 solo cantatas

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ВИВАЛЬДИ (Vivaldi) Антонио (1678-1741), итальянский композитор, скрипач-виртуоз. Создатель жанра сольного инструментального концерта и наряду с А. Корелли кончерто гроссо. Его цикл "Времена года" (1725) один из ранних образцов программности в музыке. Св. 40 опер, оратории, кантаты; инструментальные концерты различных составов (465) и др.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
Bio Творческие портреты композиторов
www.baroquemusic.org/bqxvivaldi.html Biography
www.essentialsofmusic.com/composer/vivaldi.html Biography
www.buzzle.com/articles/antonio-vivaldi-biography.html Biography
www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Vivaldi.htm Biography from 'bach-cantatas.com'
alambix.uquebec.ca/musique/catal/vivaldi/viva.html Catalogue RV
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Vivaldi About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Вивальди,_Антонио О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
www.cdguide.nm.ru/composers/vivaldi.html Биография [mobile] [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Antonio_Vivaldi About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Вивальди,_Антонио О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Bassoon Concertos' - 2003, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Concertos For The Emperor' - 2004, Harmonia mundi
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Farnace' - 2001, AliaVox
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Four Seasons' - 2000, Aquarius
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Sacred Choral Music Vol.1: Negri' - 1987, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Sacred Choral Music Vol.2: Negri' - 1988, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Sacred Choral Music Vol.3: Negri' - 1989, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Sacred Choral Music Vol.4: Negri' - 1989, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Sacred Choral Music Vol.5: Negri' - 1989, Philips
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Stabat Mater' - 1995, Harmonia mundi
 Antonio Vivaldi - 'Suonata A Violoncello Solo Del Signor Antonio Vivaldi' - 1999, Alpha
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Gilles Apap - 'Vivaldi's Four Seasons' - 2002, Apapaziz
 Cecilia Bartoli - 'The Vivaldi Album' - 2003, Decca
 Giuliano Carmignola - 'Vivaldi: Late Concertos For Violin, Strings And Basso Continuo' - 2002, Sony
 Han De Vries - 'Bach, Telemann & Vivaldi: Oboe Concertos' - 2006, EMI Classic
 Magdalena Kozena - 'Magdalena Kozena Sings Vivaldi' - 2009, DG Archiv
 Gerard Lesne - 'Vivaldi: Motetto 633, Stabat Mater 621, Intro Miserere 638, Nisi Dominus 608' - 1988, Harmonic
 Rolf Lislevand - 'Vivaldi: Musica Per Mandolino e Liuto' - 2007, Naive
 Jacques Loussier - 'Vivaldi. The Four Seasons' - 1997, Telarc, Stress Records
 Itzhak Perlman - 'Vivaldi: The Four Seasons & 3 Violin Concertos' - 1992, EMI Classic
 Roma Trio - 'The Four Seasons' - 2009, Tokuma Records
 Andreas Scholl - 'Vivaldi: Nisi Dominus. Motets' - 2000, Decca
 Jean-Christophe Spinosi - 'Vivaldi: Nisi Dominus. Stabat Mater' - 2007, Naive
 Isaac Stern - 'Gala' - 1990, Sony
 Various Artists - 'Vivaldi: Gloria. Ostro Picta. Bach: Magnificat' - 1991, Chandos
 John Williams {guitar} - 'John Williams Plays Vivaldi Concertos' - 1991, Sony
  как соисполнитель ...
 Maurice Andre - 'Baroque Trumpet Concertos' - 2005, EMI
 Cecilia Bartoli - 'A Hymn For The World' - 1997, Deutsche Grammophon
 Cecilia Bartoli - 'The Art Of Cecilia Bartoli' - 2002, Decca
 James Bowman - 'Cantates Ad Alto Solo' - 1991, Ricercar
 Julian Bream - 'The Ultimate Guitar Collection' - 1999, RCA
 Michael Chance - 'The Art Of Countertenor' - 1999, Archiv
 Heinz Holliger - 'Virtuoso Oboe Concertos' - 2000, Philips
 Il Giardino Armonico - 'Il Giardino Armonico' - 2006, Warner Classics
 Gidon Kremer - 'Vivaldi / Piazzola: Eight Seasons' - 2000, Nonesuch
 James Last - 'Eighty Not Out' - 2010, Universal Music
 Patricia Petibon - 'Rosso - Italian Baroque Arias' - 2010, Deutsche Grammophon
 Red Priest - 'Nightmare In Venice' - 2002, Dorian Recordings
 Red Priest - 'Vivaldi, The Four Seasons' - 2003, Red Priest
 Jordi Savall - 'Altre Follie 1500-1750' - 2005, AliaVox
 Andreas Scholl - 'The Voice' - 2000, Harmonia mundi
 The Swingle Singers - 'The Joy Of Singing' - 1972, Philips
 Various Artists - 'Venetian Church Music, 16th-18th Cent.' - 1991, EMI
 John Williams {guitar} - 'Classic Williams: Romance Of The Guitar' - 2000, Sony
 


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