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     Philip Glass

Born: Jan 31, 1937 in Baltimore, MD.
Genres: Class.
Styles: Classical, Original Score, United States of America, 20th Century Classical/Modern Composition, Avant-Garde, Minimalism, Ethnic Fusion.
Instruments: Keyboards, Conductor, Composer

Philip Glass is generally regarded as one of the most prominent composers associated with the minimalist school, the other major figures being Steve Reich, Terry Riley, and John Adams. His style is quite recognizable, owing to its seeming simplicity of repeated sounds, comprised of evolving patterns of rhythms, which are often quite complex, and rhythmic themes. In some of his early works, like Two Pages (1967), the whole of the piece evolves from a single unit or idea that expands as notes are added. In later works, expansion comes via the lengthening of note values or through other inventive processes. Many describe his music in the minimalist vein as mesmerizing; others hear it as numbingly repetitive and devoid of variety in its simplicity. The latter view of his style is itself simplistic and fails to take into account the many subtleties and complexities found in his methods. Glass' mature style embraces more than just minimalism and thus must be viewed being more eclectic and far less dogmatic. There is greater emphasis on melody, less on controlling rhythmic patterns. His opera Einstein on the Beach (1975) was the first of an important triology of stage works, the other two being Satygraha (1980) and Akhnaten (1983). He is one of the most popular serious composers of the latter twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

Glass showed musical talent early on, both on violin and flute. He graduated from the University of Chicago (he moved to Chicago in his teens) at the age of 19. He next enrolled at Juilliard, and had by then rejected serial techniques in composition in favor of more conventional styles, favoring the music of Ives, Copland, and Virgil Thomson. Over the next four years he studied with Persichetti, Milhaud, and Bergsma.

He later studied with Nadia Boulanger in Paris, and it was during this two-year period that he met and worked with sitar player Ravi Shankar, who introduced him to Indian music. He was intrigued by its sound and possibilities and attracted to Asian and Middle Eastern cultures. Eventually, he even converted to Buddhism. Glass later spoke of how greatly his 1966 visit to Tibet influenced his thinking, both musically and spiritually.

After returning to New York in 1967, Glass struggled financially and had to work as a cab driver and plumber for a time. Eventually, he established the Glass Ensemble in the early '70s. This group consisted of seven players and used keyboards, woodwind instruments, and amplification of vocals. Though it also struggled at the outset, it eventually became immensely popular.

Glass' Einstein on the Beach was staged in 1976 and was his first large-scale triumph. By this time, too, his Ensemble was in greater demand, as were a good many of his other works. Since the 1980s, Glass' popularity has grown with the successes of his 1982 Company, for string quartet or string orchestra, the 1987 violin concerto, and the 1997 score, Kundun, written for the Martin Scorsese film. There have been other operas from Glass' pen, including The Fall of the House of Usher and Orphee. Among other works is the remarkable Monsters of Grace, for voices and instrumental ensemble, a mystical composition that uses light and other effects in performance.

Glass has received many awards, among which have been the Chevalier de l'Ordre des Arts et des Lettres in 1995, from the French government. Glass continues to write music and must be regarded as among the most important composers of his time.

- Robert Cummings (All Music Guide)


Филип Гласс (род. 31 января 1937, Балтимор) - американский композитор, часто относимый к представителям минимализма.

В молодости сотрудничал с индийским композитором Рави Шанкаром, который стал его учителем и повлиял на всё дальнейшее творчество. Приобрёл всемирную популярность в 1983 году после создания саундтрека к первому фильму трилогии Годфри Реджио "Коянискацци", "Повакацци", "Накойкацци". Также известен своей ранней оперой "Эйнштейн на пляже" (пост. в 1976 году Робертом Уилсоном) и многочисленными звуковыми дорожками к таким американским фильмам, как "Шоу Трумена" ("Truman Show"), "Часы" ("Hours"), "Кэндимен" ("Candyman"), "Иллюзионист" ("Illusionist", 2006) и минималистическими работами "Music in twelve parts", "Music with changing parts", а также музыкой, написанной для церемонии открытия Олимпийских игр 1984 года в Лос-Анджелесе.

В 1968 году Гласс основал группу Philip Glass Ensemble, для которой он по сей день пишет музыку и играет на клавишных инструментах.

В 1970 году совместно с режиссером Ли Бруером и другими сподвижниками организовал в Нью-Йорке театральную компанию "Mabou Mines".

Его композиция "Pruit Igoe" прозвучала в первом трейлере Grand Theft Auto IV, который вышел 30 марта 2007 года. Также композиция звучит в самой игре на радио Journey. Также она звучит в фильме "Хранители" в сцене воспоминаний доктора Манхеттена. В сериале "Клиника" (5 сезон) звучит композиция "Koyaanisqatsi". Также в игре Chime используется его композиция "Brazil".


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=28 Biography
www.philipglass.com Official website. Biography, discography, works
www.glasspages.org Philip Glass on the Web
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Glass About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Гласс,_Филип О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Philip_Glass About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Гласс,_Филип О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Philip Glass - '"Heroes" Symphony' - 1997, Point music
 Philip Glass - '"Low" Symphony' - 1993, Point music
 Philip Glass - '1000 Airplanes On The Roof' - 1989, Virgin
 Philip Glass - 'Akhnaten' - 2003, CBS Records
 Philip Glass - 'Cassandra's Dream' - 2008, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'Complete String Quartets (The Smith Quartet)' - 2008, Signum Classics
 Philip Glass - 'Dennis Russell Davies Performs Philip Glass' - 2004, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'Dracula' - 1999, Nonesuch, Elektra, Asylum
 Philip Glass - 'Einstein On The Beach' - 1993, Elektra Nonesuch
 Philip Glass - 'Etudes For Piano, Vol. 1, No. 1-10' - 2002, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'Koyaanisqatsi' - 1982, WEA International, Warner
 Philip Glass - 'Mishima' - 1985, Nonesuch
 Philip Glass - 'Monsters Of Grace' - 2007, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'Music In The Shape Of A Square' - 2001, Stradivarius
 Philip Glass - 'Music In Twelve Parts' - 1996, Nonesuch
 Philip Glass - 'Music With Changing Parts' - 1994, Elektra Nonesuch
 Philip Glass - 'Naqoyqatsi' - 2002, Sony
 Philip Glass - 'Notes On A Scandal' - 2007, Rounder
 Philip Glass - 'Passages' - 1990, Atlantic
 Philip Glass - 'Solo Piano' - 1989, Columbia, Sony
 Philip Glass - 'Songs And Poems For Solo Cello' - 2008, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'Songs From Liquid Days' - 1986, CBS Records
 Philip Glass - 'The Concerto Project Vol. I' - 2004, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'The Concerto Project Vol. II' - 2006, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'The Concerto Project Vol. III' - 2008, Orange Mountain
 Philip Glass - 'The Illusionist' - 2006, Rykodisc
 Philip Glass - 'The Photographer' - 1983, Epic, CBS Records
 Philip Glass - 'Waiting For The Barbarians' - 2008, Orange Mountain
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Christopher Bowers-Broadbent - 'Arvo Part, Peter Maxwell Davies, Philip Glass: Trivium' - 1992, ECM
 Glass Chamber Players - 'Schoenberg / Glass' - 2010, Orange Mountain
 Gidon Kremer - 'Glass: Violin Concerto. Schnittke: Concerto Grosso No. 5' - 1993, Deutsche Grammophon
 Gidon Kremer - 'Silencio' - 2000, Nonesuch
 John Lenehan - 'Philip Glass: The Piano Music' - 2007, Sony
 Christopher D. Lewis - 'Glass, Rutter & Francaix - Harpsichord Concertos' - 2013, Naxos
 Robert McDuffie - 'Philip Glass: Violin Concerto No. 2 "The American Four Seasons"' - 2010, Orange Mountain

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:22

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