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     Johann Adolf Hasse

German composer. His great-grandfather, grandfather, father, and brother were musicians; active in Lubeck and Bergedorf. He studied voice in Hamburg from 17t4 until joining the local opera as a tenor in 1718, moving to Braunschweig-Wolfenbuttel in 1721, where his first opera, Antioco,was performed. Traveled to Italy in 1722, spending time in a number of cities before settling in Naples, where he studied briefly with Porpora, then with Alessandro Scarlatti; during 1726-33 over twenty of his stage works were produced for the Neapolitan court.

A lifelong association with Venice began with his first documented visit in 1730 for the staging of Artaserse, his first opera on a libretto by Metastasio. During his stay there he married the famed soprano Faustina Bordom and was engaged as maestro di cappella at the electoral court in Dresden (the libretto to Artaserseidentifies him as such). The couple arrived in Dresden in July 1731. Hasse's first opera for the court was Cleofide (adapted from Metastasio's Alessandro nell'Indie by Bocardi), first performed in September, with J. S. Bach and W F. Bach probably in attendance. He was in Italy from October 1731 to February 1734, and from November 1734 to January 1737; he wrote operas for Naples, Rome, Turin, Pesaro, Bologna, and Venice and produced a sizable body of sacred music for the Ospedale degli incurabili in Venice as well (he had probably contributed music to this institution since 1730, but is first named as its maestro di cappella in 1736 in the libretto to Alessandro nell'Indie). Five Hasse operas with libretti by court poet Pallavicino were premiered in Dresden between February 1737 and May 1738; after a sojourn in Venice he returned to Dresden, writing new operas and mounting revivals in 1740-42.

In January 1742 Frederick the Great heard Lucio Papirio; Hasse soon became his favorite composer, and Hasse operas were given in Berlin until the king's death in 1786. Hasse's ftiendship with Metastasio also began around this time; the two worked closely together on many operas. The next fifteen years were divided between Saxony and Italy, with Hasse presenting new works in both places; he also visited Paris. The Seven Years' War forced the Elector's court to remain in Warsaw from 1756 until 1762; Hasse probably visited Poland, but spent most of his time in the South. His last commercial opera production was Nitteti, given in Venice at Carnival 1758; he produced operas for the Neapolitan court, 1758-60, and for the court in Vienna, 1760-63. After a short stay in Dresden following the court's return, he was dismissed in 1764 and returned to Vienna, where he lived until 1772, continuing to compose and traveling periodically to Venice or Turin. His final ten years were spent in Venice; some sacred music, including three Masses and a Requiem, dates from this time. Despite his towering reputation only a few years before, he died in obscurity, receiving a gravestone only in 1820.



Иоганн Адольф Хассе

Хассе начал музыкальную карьеру в Гамбурге в опере, куда поступил в 1718 тенором. В 1719 он стал капельмейстером в Брауншвейге, где созданием оперы "Антиох" в 1721 начал деятельность в качестве композитора. В 1722 Хассе уехал в Италию и поселился в Неаполе, где учился у Никола Порпоры, а затем у Алессандро Скарлатти. В 1730 он женился на оперной певице Фаустине Бордони и в том же году получил приглашение стать придворным капельмейстером в Дрездене, куда прибыл в июле следующего года, при нём капелла получила славу лучшего оркестра Европы. В это время для Дрезденского оркестра писали музыку такие композиторы как Зеленка, Телеман, Вивальди, Кванц и др. Этот пост он с отлучками в Италию занимал до 1764. Затем Хассе работал в Вене из-за причинённого Семилетней войной Дрездену ущерба и падения интереса к музыке при саксонском дворе, а после уехал в 1773 в Венецию, где и умер через 10 лет от артрита вскоре после кончины жены и был забыт. Интерес к композитору возродился в 1820 после выхода его биографии, написанной Ф. С. Кандлером.

И.А. Хассе сочинил более 60 опер (писал примерно по 2 оперы в год), оратории, серенады, кантаты и значительное количество музыкальных произведений духовной тематики. Он использовал либретто для своих опер, написанные известнейшими современниками, такими как Пьетро Метастазио, Апостоло Дзено, Стефано Паллавичини, Джованни Пасквини и др. Также композитор написал большое количество камерно-инструментальных произведений, в их числе около 80 концертов для флейты, сонаты, симфонии. Значительная часть произведений была утеряна в ходе Семилетней войны и бомбардировки Дрездена союзниками в ходе Второй мировой войны.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.earlymusicworld.com/id16.html Article
www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/acc/hasse.php Biography
www.musicacademyonline.com/composer/biographies.php?bid=131 Biography
www.bach-cantatas.com/Lib/Hasse-Johann-Adolf.htm Biography from 'bach-cantatas.com'
www.hoasm.org/VIIF/Hasse.html Biography on HOASM
www.hasseproject.com Hasse Project
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Adolph_Hasse About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johann_Adolph_Hasse About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Johann Adolf Hasse - 'I Pellegrini Al Sepolcro Di Nostro Signore' - 1998, Virgin
  как соисполнитель ...
 Jochen Kowalski - 'Arias From Berlin's Operatic History' - 1993, Berlin Classics
 Jochen Kowalski - 'Jochen Kowalski Singt Arien' - 1998, Berlin Classics
 La Tempestad - 'Sopranos y Castrati En El Londres De Farinelli "Caro Dardo"' - 2007, Cimbalo Producciones, MAA Ediciones
 Andreas Scholl - 'Heroes' - 1999, Decca

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:43:24

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