Genre: Concerto, Chamber Music, Symphony
Giuseppi Antonio Brescianello (Bologna, ca. 1690 - Stuttgart, 1757), is certainly an example of an isolated creativity. Employed for most of his life by the Duchy of Wurtemberg in Stuttgart, he was long forgotten by historians and musicians.
Part of this can be explained by his isolation in Stuttgart (from the age of 25 until his death), but perhaps the greatest reason for his anonymity is that he composed predominantly for the colascione; a guitar-like instrument that had few followers, little music, existed only in isolated parts of Italy and southern Germany, and with the death of Brescianello, an instrument that fell into virtual extinction.
Italian composer. Nothing is known of his life until he arrived in Munich from Venice in 1715 as a viola player for the Elector of Bavaria, Max Emanuel. A short time afterwards, in 1716, he left for the Wurtemburg court of Duke Eberhard Ludwig in Stuttgart, where in 1717, as "musique directeur, maitre des concerts de la chambre" he succeded Johann Christoph Pez in the office of court Kapellmeister. During the years 1719-21, Reinhard Keiser attempted determinedly but unsuccessfully to oust the "damned Italian" from his position. In 1731 Brescianello finally received the title "Councillor and First Kapellmeister." By then he was successfully in charge of a large court orchestra that on occasion numbered more than sixty musicians. Following the death of the sovereign Karl Alexander in 1737, the court finances were so catastrophically reduced that the orchestra was reduced to just a few musicians and Brescianello lost his post. It was not until 1744, when Karl Eugen assumed the throne, that Brescianello was reappointed to his former positiom, from which he finally retired in 1751. He remained in Stuttgart, where he died in 1758. He built his reputation more on performing and conducting (by all accounts he almost single-handedly rejuvenated musical life in Stuttgart during his tenure there), though he composed a few instrumental works as well.