СЛОНИМСКИЙ, Сергей Михайлович (1932, Ленинград) - русский композитор.
Родился в семье известного писателя Михаила Слонимского. Окончил Ленинградскую консерваторию по классу композиции О.Евлахова и фортепиано по классу В.Нильсена, а затем аспирантуру консерватории по специальности музыковедение. Профессор композиции Петербургской консерватории. Инициатор цикла концертов, на которых исполняется музыка российских композиторов 1920-50-х годов. Ежегодно ведет мастер-классы на Международном семинаре "Звуковые пути" с момента его основания (1990). В Самаре проходит ежегодный фестиваль музыки С.Слонимского. В ряду недавних премьер композитора - Виолончельный концерт, Кантата памяти А.Шнитке, постановка оперы Видения Иоанна Грозного в Самарском оперном театре под управлением М.Ростроповича, а также немецкая премьера камерной оперы Мастер и Маргарита, прошедшая в июне 2000 года на всемирной выставке ЭКСПО-2000 в Ганновере (Германия).
Народный артист России. Лауреат государственной премии им. М.И. Глинки (1983).
Среди сочинений: оперы Виринея, Мастер и Маргарита, Мария Стюарт, Гамлет, балет Икар, десять симфоний, симфонические, камерные, вокальные и хоровые произведения, музыка для детей.
Slonimsky Sergey Mikhailovich, composer, Professor of the Chair of Composition at the St. Petersburg Conservatoire, Academician of the Russian Academy of Education, People's Artist of Russia, a State Prize Winner, a holder of the Knight Commander Cross (the Polish order of merit).
The content of S.Slonimsky's creative work is imazingly diverse. According to Yu.Kholopov, in the art of Slonimsky one can notice a kind of "poly-art" concept of "numerous spaces". "It's not just a variety but crossing of spaces of our art, covering distances between widely scattered polarities".
The defining feature of Sergey Slonimsky's art is its universal character. V.N. Kholopova thinks that the series of continuous artistic triumphs are operas by Slonimsky.
"S.M. has found such personal secret keys to the musical; tage that it appeared he has no followers. His plots are dramas and tragedies of nations, tsars, kings, Master, Margaret, Jeshua. The main characters are exclusive, lofty, utmost when carrying their ideas. From his encyclopedic knowledge stores Slonimsky chooses for every opera an exclusive genre pattern for every opera and creates its unique musical and intonation individuality with his incomprehensible intuition".
"Each of his new work is a discovery, a revelation. One is amazed with the skills of the artist who is so diverse in intonation and style depending on a theme, epoch and character chosen and at the same time stays himself, is always recognizable by special touch, melodic, harmonic, rhythmic constructions. One can't but hear Slonimsky in combination of a major sixth chord sung around by a minor triad; in octave "split" into tritone, minor second and perfect fourth (f 2 - b 1 - h 1 - f 2 ). Can't you easily •recognize his quaintly syncopated rhythmic becoming low awkward, now exquisite and graceful, now derisive and lively, now hard and even threatening?"
"Rich imagination, lightness and quickness of art seem ill by themselves presuppose joy, Rossini's sunlight "ravishing Rossini"), classical optimism and balance. No it all! Most of Slonimsky's big works are tragic. They don't even contain a catharsis of the author's epilogues. Catharsis s supposed in the hearts of the audience as an epilogue of a work of art. Spirit of tragedy is in combination with irony, sarcasm, grotesque comedy. Such is a stereotype, in invariant of plots of "Virinea", "Master and Margaret", "Hamlet", "Visions of Ivan the Terrible", "King Lear". But all this also can be found in operas by Musorgsky, Shostakovich and where not. Uncrossable borderline between Musorgsky and Slonimsky lies not in the plot or verbal dramaturgy but in the origin of music, in specific features of musical style and musical dramaturgy. The language of Slonimsky is different, neither better nor worse, just different - his personal and unique."
"A special feature of Slonimsky making work with him fascinating is unexpectedness of a conception. Slonimsky, a man with the experience of the terrible XX century, tries to comprehend the very essence of the world historical lesson. For him human passions and politics are indivisible, personal tragedies are firmly built into the tragedy of the society.
Musical element of the operas by Slonimsky creates a special historysophical model of the events and gives an opportunity to see what neither science nor literature is not able to represent"
"Sergey Slonimsky is an important page in the history of Russian music without which it would be incomplete and less contradictory. Slonimsky is always new but he always stays himself. In the nervous presence of Sergey Slonimsky I feel quiet and confident. You feel so when there is a friend by your side"
"Every time I hear the musical voice of Sergey Slonimsky I have almost childish feeling: "Everything is all right so far, we haven't lost our way"
"An amazing workability, productivity. A stunning intelligence. The widest erudition. An infecting activity and energy. And all this is contained in one person named Sergey Slonimsky"
"It's very difficult to name a contemporary composer who would so successfully appeal in his art practically to all existing now classical and modern musical genres"
Works by S.Slonimsky are often being performed in Russia and abroad in the course of several decades. His works for children are constantly in the curriculum of musical schools. Now Sergey Slonimsky is at the peak of his creative ability, he is full of new ideas and deeds.
SHORT CREATIVE BIOGRAPHY
1932 was born in Leningrad in the family of a famous writer M.L.Slonimsky
1939 created his first musical works
1955 graduated from Leningrad State Conservatory named after N.A.Rymsky-Korsakov in composition under Professor O.A.Evlakhov
1956 graduated from Leningrad State Conservatory named after N. A.Rymsky-Korsakov in piano under Professor V. V. Nilsen
1957 premiere of the first symphonic work Carnival Overture (Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - A. Jansons)
1959 first teaching experience (teaching theoretical musical subjects in Leningrad State Conservatory)
1962 premiere of Symphony No 1 (Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - A. Jansons)
1963 premiere of the first vocal symphony work Songs of Freedom (Grand Philarmonic Hall; Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - A. Jansons, soloists - N. Yureneva, A. Khramtsov)
1963 premiere of Piano Sonata (Small Philharmonic Hall; A. Aronov)
1966 premiere of Concerto Buffa for chamber orchestra (Small Philharmonic Hall; Chamber Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - E. Serov)
1967 first experience in teaching composition in Leningrad State Conservatory
1967 premiere of the first opera Virinea (Leningrad, Musorgsky State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre; director-M. Shapiro, conductor- E.Grikurov. Moscow, Moscow Academic Musical Theatre named after K. S. Stanislavsky and V. I. Nemirovich-Danchenko; direc tor - L. Mikhailov, conductor - K. Abdullaev. Samara Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre; director - V. Fialkovsky, conductor - I. Ajzikovich)
1967 premiere of the cantata A voice from the Chorus, lyrics by A.Block (Grand Hall of Moscow State Conservatory named after P.I. Chaikovsky; Republican Academic Russian Choral Kapelle, USSR State Symphony Orchestra, conductor - G. Rozhdestvensky)
1971 premiere of the first ballet Icarus (Moscow, Kremlin Palace of Congresses, the Bolshoy Theatre, director - V. Vasiliev, conductor - A. Zhuraitis)
1972 premiere of the first part of the opera Master and Margaret,concert performance (Leningrad, House of Composers; Chamber Choir of Leningrad State Conservatory, Chamber Orchestra of State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, conductor - G. Rozhdestvensky)
1976 was nominated as a professor
1979 premiere of Symphony No 2 ( Leningrad, Grand Philharmonic Hall, Academic Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - G. Rozhdestvensky)
1980 premiere of the opera Mary Stuart (Samara Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre; director - O. Ivanov, conductor - L. Ossovsky)
1983 became the winner of the M. I. Glinka State Prize
1983 premiere of Symphony No 4 (Symphony Orchestra of Samara State Philharmonic)
1986 premiere of Symphony No 6, Symphony No 7 (Leningrad Grand Philharmonic Hall, Academic Symphony Orchestra of Leningrad State Philharmonic, conductor - V. Ponkin)
1987 was nominated People's Artist of the Russian Federation
1993 premiere of the opera Hamlet (Krasnoyarsk State Opera and Ballet Theatre; director - E. Busin, conductor -A. Chepurnoy; Samara Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre; director - B. Rebikin, conductor - V. Kovalenko)
1993 elected a member of the Russian Academy of Education
1995 premiere of Symphony No 10 Hell Circles after Dante (St. Petersburg Grand Philharmonic Hall; Academic Symphony Orchestra of St.Petersburg State Philharmonic, conductor - R. Martynov)
1995 premiere of the piano cycle 24 Preludes and Fugues (St.Petersburg Small Philharmonic Hall; T. Zagorovskaya)
1995 became the winner of the St.Petersburg Government Prize
1999 premiere of the opera Visions of Ivan the Terrible (Samara Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre; director - R. Sturua, artistic director and conductor - M.Rostropovich)
2002 became the winner of The Russian Federation State Prize for Cello Concert, Judish Rapsody, "St.Petersburg Visions" and Symphonietta.
2002 became the winner of the Tsarskoe Selo Artistic Prize
2003 premiere of the ballet Princess Pirlipat (State Academic Mariinsky Theatre; librettist, director - M. Shemyakin, artistic director and conductor - V. Gergiev)
2003 was rewarded the Knight Cross of Order for Services to the Republic of Poland
2004 premier of Requiem and Symphony No 11 devoted to M.Shemyakin (St.Petersburg Grand Philhar monic Hall, St.Petersburg Academic Kapelle named after M. I. Glinka; conductors - V. Chernuchenko, A. Chernushenko)
2005 premier of the ballet The Magic Nut (State Academic Mariinsky Theatre; librettist, director - M. Shemyakin, artistic director and conductor)