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     Sonny Rollins

Real name: Theodore Walter Rollins
Born: Sep 7, 1930 in New York, NY
Genres: Jazz.
Styles: Hard Bop, Post-Bop, Bop
Instruments: Sax (Tenor), Leader, Composer

Sonny Rollins will go down in history as not only the single most enduring tenor saxophonist of the bebop and hard bop era, but also the greatest contemporary jazz saxophonist of them all. His fluid and harmonically innovative ideas, effortless manner, and easily identifiable and accessible sound have influenced generations of performers, but have also fueled the notion that mainstream jazz music can be widely enjoyed, recognized, and proliferated. Born Theodore Walter Rollins in New York City on September 7, 1930, he had an older brother who played violin. At age nine he took up piano lessons but discontinued them, took up the alto saxophone in high school, and switched to tenor after high school, doing local engagements. In 1948 he recorded with vocalist Babs Gonzales, then Bud Powell and Fats Navarro, and his first composition, "Audubon," was recorded by J.J. Johnson. Soon thereafter, Rollins made the rounds quickly with groups led by Art Blakey, Tadd Dameron, Chicago drummer Ike Day, and Miles Davis in 1951, followed by his own recordings with Kenny Drew, Kenny Dorham, and Thelonious Monk.

In 1956 Rollins made his biggest move, joining the famous ensemble of Max Roach and Clifford Brown, then formed his own legendary pianoless trio with bassist Wilbur Ware or Donald Bailey and drummer Elvin Jones or Pete La Roca in 1957, doing recorded sessions at the Village Vanguard. Awards came from Down Beat and Playboy magazines, and recordings were done mainly for the Prestige and Riverside labels, but also for Verve, Blue Note, Columbia, and Contemporary Records, all coinciding with the steadily rising star of Rollins. Pivotal albums such as Tenor Madness (with John Coltrane), Saxophone Colossus (with longstanding partner Tommy Flanagan), and Way Out West (with Ray Brown and Shelly Manne), and collaborations with the Modern Jazz Quartet, Clark Terry, and Sonny Clark firmly established Rollins as a bona fide superstar. He also acquired the nickname "Newk" for his facial resemblance to Brooklyn/Los Angeles Dodgers pitcher Don Newcombe.

But between 1959 and 1961 he sought a less superficial, more spiritual path to the rat race society of the times, visiting Japan and India, studying yoga and Zen. He left the music business until 1962, when he returned with the groundbreaking and in many ways revolutionary recording The Bridge with guitarist Jim Hall for the RCA Victor/Bluebird label. Rollins struck up a working relationship with trumpeter Don Cherry; did a handful of innovative LPs for the RCA Victor, MGM/Metro Jazz, and Impulse! labels; did one record with his hero Coleman Hawkins; and left the scene again in 1968. By 1971 he came back with a renewed sense of vigor and pride, and put out a string of successful records for the Milestone label that bridged the gap between the contemporary and fusion jazz of the time, the most memorable being his live date from the 1974 Montreux Jazz Festival, The Cutting Edge. Merging jazz with calypso, light funk, and post-bop, the career of Rollins not only was revived, but thrived from then onward. He was a member of the touring Milestone Jazz Stars in 1978 with McCoy Tyner and Ron Carter, and gained momentum as a touring headliner and festival showstopper.

His finest Milestone recordings of the second half of his career include Easy Living, Don't Stop the Carnival, G-Man, Old Flames, Plus Three, Global Warming, This Is What I Do, and Without a Song: The 9/11 Concert. He has worked extensively with road and recording bands that have included such artists as electric bass guitarist Bob Cranshaw; trombonist Clifton Anderson; pianists Tommy Flanagan and Stephen Scott; keyboardist Mark Soskin; guitarists Bobby Broom and Jerome Harris; percussionist Kimati Dinizulu; and drummers Jack DeJohnette, Perry Wilson, Steve Jordan, and Al Foster. Rollins formed his own record label, Doxy, through which he issued the CD Sonny, Please in 2006. Well into his eighth decade of life, Rollins continued to perform worldwide. As a composer, he will always be known for three memorable melodies that have become standards and well-recognized tunes in the jazz canon - "Oleo," "Airegin," and especially "St. Thomas."

- Michael G. Nastos (All Music Guide)


Роллинс "Сонни" (р. 1929) - негритянский саксофонист, композитор, руководитель ансамбля.

В детстве обучался игре на фортепиано, в 1944 освоил альт-саксофон. После окончания школы в 1946 перешел на тенор-саксофон и уже через год стал выступать как музыкант-профессионал в различных нью-йоркских джазовых ансамблях. Свою первую пластинку записал в 1948 (с певцом Б. Гонзалесом). В 1949-57 сотрудничал со многими известными джазменами, в том числе с А. Блэйки, Т. Демероном, "Бадом" Пауэллом, "Фэтсом" Наварро, М. Дэвисом, Т. Монком, "Диззи" Гиллеспи и другими, был членом квинтета М. Роуча и К. Брауна. В 1957 организовал трио (тенор-саксофон, контрабас, ударные), в 1959 руководил биг-бэндом. Затем играл в квартете, имевшем следующий состав: "Сонни" Роллинс - тенор-саксофон, Дж. Холл - гитара, Б. Крэншоу - бас, Б. Рэйли - ударные. В 60-х годах записался на пластинки с Д. Черри, К. Хокинсом, сотрудничал с Дж. Колтрэйном. На протяжении своего творческого пути примыкал к различным стилевым направлениям джаза - от свинга до хард-бопа и фри-джаза. На первых порах испытал заметное влияние Паркера и Монка, во 2-й половине 50-х годов выработал свою индивидуальную манеру игры. Известен также как автор многих джазовых композиций и тем.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=3897 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
home.ica.net/~blooms/home.html Discography
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonny_Rollins About from 'wikipedia'
www.duke.edu/~bab7/rollins.html Biography, discography (by Barbara Boston ) [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sonny_Rollins About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Sonny Rollins - 'Alfie' - 1966, Impulse!
 Sonny Rollins - 'East Broadway Run Down' - 1966, Impulse!
 Sonny Rollins - 'Freedom Suite' - 1958, Riverside
 Sonny Rollins - 'Global Warming' - 1998, Milestone, Dora
 Sonny Rollins - 'Love At First Sight' - 1980, Original Jazz, Dora
 Sonny Rollins - 'Moving Out' - 1997, OJC, Prestige
 Sonny Rollins - 'Old Flames' - 1993, Milestone
 Sonny Rollins - 'Our Man In Jazz' - 1999, BMG
 Sonny Rollins - 'Plus 4' - 1991, Prestige, Original Jazz Classics
 Sonny Rollins - 'Rollins Plays For Bird' - 1956, Prestige, OJC, Galactic
 Sonny Rollins - 'Saxophone Colossus' - 1956, Prestige,OJC, Galactic
 Sonny Rollins - 'Scoops' - 2002, Past Perfect
 Sonny Rollins - 'Sonny Meets Hawk!' - 1963, RCA
 Sonny Rollins - 'Sonny Rollins On Impulse!' - 1965, Impulse!
 Sonny Rollins - 'Sonny Rollins With Elvin Jones & Wilbur Ware' - 1957, Promo Sound AG
 Sonny Rollins - 'The Freedom Suite' - 1957, Milestone
 Sonny Rollins - 'This Is What I Do' - 2000, Milestone
 Sonny Rollins - 'Way Out West' - 1957, Contemporary, OJC
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Miles Davis - 'Dig' - 1956, Prestige
 Kenny Dorham - 'Jazz Contrasts' - 1957, Riverside, OJC
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'Sony Side Up' - 1957, Verve Forecast, Galactic
 Thelonious Monk - 'Monk & Rollins. Brilliant Corners' - 1956, Prestige, Riverside
  как соисполнитель ...
 John Coltrane - 'Coltrane & Elmo Hope & Mal Waldron' - 1956, M&A Group, Planet Music
 John Coltrane - 'Early Trane' - 2008, Proper Box
 Miles Davis - 'Bags' Groove' - 1957, OJC
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'Duets: Sonny Rollins And Sonny Stitt' - 1992, Verve
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'Sonny Side Up. Jambo Caribe' - Verve
 Ernie Henry - 'Last Chorus' - 1991, OJC
 J.J. Johnson - 'Trombone By Three' - 1956, Prestige, OJC
 Thelonious Monk - 'Ken Burns Jazz' - 2000, Columbia, Legacy
 Thelonious Monk - 'The Complete Blue Note Recordings' - 1994, Blue Note
 Thelonious Monk - 'The Complete Prestige Recordings' - 2000, Presige
 Thelonious Monk - 'Thelonious Monk And The Jazz Giant' - 1992, Fantasy
 Thelonious Monk - 'Thelonious Monk The Composer' - 1998, Giants Of Jazz
 Thelonious Monk - 'With Monk' - 1953, Import
 Fats Navarro - 'The Complete Blue Note And Capitol Recordings Of Fats Navarro And Tadd Dameron' - 1995, Blue Note

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