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     Pharoah Sanders

Real name: Farrell Sanders
Born: Oct 13, 1940 in Little Rock, AR
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Avant-Garde Jazz, Free Jazz, Hard Bop, Post-Bop
Instruments: Multi Instruments, Sax (Tenor)

Pharoah Sanders possesses one of the most distinctive tenor saxophone sounds in jazz. Harmonically rich and heavy with overtones, Sanders' sound can be as raw and abrasive as is possible for a saxophonist to produce. Yet Sanders is highly-regarded to the point of reverence by a great many jazz fans. Although he made his name with expressionistic, near anarchic free jazz in John Coltrane's late ensembles of the mid-'60s, Sanders' later music is guided by more graceful concerns. In the free-time, ultra-dense cauldron that was Coltrane's last artistic stand, Sanders relied heavily on the non-specific pitches and timbral distortions pioneered by Albert Ayler and further developed by Coltrane himself. The hallmarks of Sanders' playing at that time were naked aggression and unrestrained passion. In the years after Coltrane's death, however, Sanders explored other, somewhat gentler and perhaps more cerebral avenues-without, it should be added, sacrificing any of the intensity that defined his work as an apprentice to Coltrane.

"Pharoah" (a corruption of his given name, Ferrell) Sanders was born to a musical family. Both his mother and father taught music, his mother privately and his father in the public schools. Sanders' first instrument was the clarinet, but he switched to tenor sax as a high school student, under the influence of his band director, Jimmy Cannon. Cannon also exposed Sanders to jazz for the first time. Sanders' early favorites included Harold Land, James Moody, Sonny Rollins, Charlie Parker, and John Coltrane. As a teenager, he played ten-and-fifteen-dollar-a-night blues gigs around Little Rock, backing such blues greats as Bobby "Blue" Bland and Junior Parker. After high school, Sanders moved to Oakland, California where he lived with relatives. He attended Oakland Junior College, studying art and music. Known in the San Francisco Bay area as "Little Rock", Sanders soon began playing bebop, rhythm & blues, and free jazz with many of the region's finest musicians, including fellow saxophonists Dewey Redman and Sonny Simmons, as well as the pianist Ed Kelly and the drummer Smiley Winters. In 1961 Sanders moved to New York, where he struggled. Unable to make a living with his music, Sanders took to pawning his horn, working non-musical jobs, and sometimes sleeping on the subway. During this period he played with a number of free jazz luminaries, including Sun Ra, Don Cherry, and Billy Higgins Sanders formed his first group in 1963, with the pianist John Hicks (with whom he would continue to play off-and-on into the '90s), bassist Wilbur Ware, and drummer Higgins. The group played an engagement at New York's Village Gate. A member of the audience was John Coltrane, who apparently liked what he heard. In late-'64 Coltrane asked Sanders to sit in with his band. By the next year, Sanders was playing regularly with the Coltrane group, although he was never made an official member of the band. Coltrane's ensembles with Sanders were some of the most controversial in the history of jazz. Their music, as represented by the group's recordings-Om, Live at the Village Vanguard Again, Live in Seattle, among them-represents a near total desertion of traditional jazz concepts like swing and functional harmony, in favor of a teeming, irregularly structured, organic mixture of sound for sound's sake. Strength was a necessity in that band, and as Coltrane realized, Sanders had it in abundance.

Sanders' made his first record as a leader in 1964 for the ESP label. After John Coltrane's death in 1967, Sanders worked briefly with his widow, Alice Coltrane. From the late-'60s, he worked primarily as a leader of his own ensembles. From 1966-71, Sanders released several albums on Impulse, including Tauhid (1966), Karma (1969), Black Unity (1971), and Thembi (1971). In the mid-'70s, Sanders recorded his most commercial effort, Love Will Find a Way (Arista, 1977); it turned out to be a brief detour. From the late-'70s until 1987, he recorded for the small independent Theresa label. From 1987 Sanders recorded for the Evidence and Timeless labels. The former bought Theresa records in 1991 and subsequently re-released Sanders' output for that company. In 1995 Sanders' made his first major-label album in many years, Message From Home (produced by Bill Laswell for Verve). The two followed that one up in 1999 with Save our Children. In 2000, Pharoh released Spirits - a multi-ethnic live suite with Hamid Drake and Adam Rudolph. In the decades after his first recordings with Coltrane, Sanders developed into a more well-rounded artist, capable of playing convincingly in a variety of contexts, from free to mainstream. Some of his best work is his most accessible. As a mature artist, Sanders discovered a hard-edged lyricism that's served him well.

- Chris Kelsey (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
members.aol.com/ishorst/love/sanders.html About
www.soulwalking.co.uk/Pharoah%20Sanders.html About
www.angelfire.com/id2/laotan/ About, links
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=4045 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharoah_Sanders About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharoah_Sanders About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Pharoah Sanders - 'A Prayer Before Dawn' - 1987, Evidence
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Black Unity' - 1971, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Crescent With Love Vol 1,2' - 1992, Evidence
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Jewels Of Thought' - 1969, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Journey To The One' - 1980, Evidence
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Karma' - 1969, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Message From Home' - 1996, Verve
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Moon Child' - 1989, Timeless Holland
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Oh Lord Let Me Do No Wrong' - 1987, CBS Special Records
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Shukuru' - 1985, Evidence
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Spirits' - 2000, Meta Records
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Tauhid' - 1966, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'The Impulse Story' - 2006, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Thembi' - 1971, MCA Records, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Village Of The Pharoahs. Wisdom Through Music' - 2011, Impulse!
 Pharoah Sanders - 'Welcome To Love' - 1990, Timeless
 Pharoah Sanders - 'With A Heartbeat' - 2003, Evolver
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Arcana - 'Arc Of The Testimony' - 1997, Axiom, Island
 David Murray - 'Gwotet' - 2004, Justin Time
  как соисполнитель ...
 Terry Callier - 'TimePeace' - 1998, Mercury
 Don Cherry - 'Symphony For Improvisers' - 2005, Blue Note
 Alice Coltrane - 'Journey To Satchidananda' - 1970, Impulse!
 Alice Coltrane - 'Ptah, The El Daoud' - 1970, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Ascension' - 1965, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Jupiter Variation' - 1967, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Kulu Se Mama' - 1965, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Live At The Village Vanguard Again!' - 1997, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Meditations' - 1965, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'Om' - 1965, Impulse!
 John Coltrane - 'The Olatunji Concert: The Last Live Recording' - 1967, Impulse!, Lider
 Aiyb Dieng - 'Rhythmagick' - 1997, Subharmonic
 Kahil El' Zabar - 'Africa N'da Blues' - 2000, Delmark
 Kahil El' Zabar - 'Ooh Live!' - 2008, Katalyst Entertainment
 Gigi - 'Gigi' - 2001, Palm Pictures
 Trilok Gurtu - 'Twenty Years Of Talking Tabla: The Definitive' - 2007, Union Square Music
 Elvin Jones - 'Love & Peace' - 1994, Storyville
 Elvin Jones - 'Reunited' - 1982, Black Hawk
 Wallace Roney - 'Village' - 1997, Warner Bros.
 Leon Thomas - 'Spirits Known And Unknown' - 1969, Bluebird, BMG
 Steve Turre - 'Rhythm Within' - 1995, Verve
 Jah Wobble - 'Heaven And Earth' - 1995, Island Red
 Larry Young - 'Lawrence Of Newark' - 1973, Perception

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:14

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