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     Dinah Washington

Real name: Ruth Lee Jones.
Born: Aug 29, 1924 in Tuscaloosa, AL.
Died: Dec 14, 1963 in Detroit, MI.
Genres: Jazz.
Styles: Vocal Jazz, Traditional Pop, Standards, Jump Blues, Ballads.
Instruments: Vocals

Dinah Washington was at once one of the most beloved and controversial singers of the mid-20th century - beloved to her fans, devotees and fellow singers; controversial to critics who still accuse her of selling out her art to commerce and bad taste. Her principal sin, apparently, was to cultivate a distinctive vocal style that was at home in all kinds of music, be it R&B, blues, jazz, middle-of-the-road pop - and she probably would have made a fine gospel or country singer had she the time. Hers was a gritty, salty, high-pitched voice, marked by absolute clarity of diction and clipped, bluesy phrasing. Dinah's personal life was turbulent, with seven marriages behind her, and her interpretations showed it, for she displayed a tough, totally unsentimental, yet still gripping hold on the universal subject of lost love. She has had a huge influence on R&B and jazz singers who have followed in her wake, notably Nancy Wilson, Esther Phillips and Diane Schuur, and her music is abundantly available nowadays via the huge seven-volume series The Complete Dinah Washington On Mercury.

Born Ruth Lee Jones, she moved to Chicago at age three and was raised in a world of gospel, playing the piano and directing her church choir. At 15, after winning an amateur contest at the Regal Theatre, she began performing in nightclubs as a pianist and singer, opening at the Garrick Bar in 1942. Talent manager Joe Glaser heard her there and recommended her to Lionel Hampton, who asked her to join his band. Hampton says that it was he who gave Ruth Jones the name Dinah Washington, although other sources claim it was Glaser or the manager of the Garrick Bar. In any case, she stayed with Hampton from 1943 to 1946 and made her recording debut for Keynote at the end of 1943 in a blues session organized by Leonard Feather with a sextet drawn from the Hampton band. With Feather's "Evil Gal Blues" as her first hit, the records took off, and by the time she left Hampton to go solo, Washington was already an R&B headliner. Signing with the young Mercury label, Washington produced an enviable string of Top Ten hits on the R&B charts from 1948 to 1955, singing blues, standards, novelties, pop covers, even Hank Williams' "Cold, Cold Heart." She also recorded many straight jazz sessions with big bands and small combos, most memorably with Clifford Brown on Dinah Jams but also with Cannonball Adderley, Clark Terry, Ben Webster, Wynton Kelly, and the young Joe Zawinul (who was her regular accompanist for a couple of years).

In 1959, Washington made a sudden breakthrough into the mainstream pop market with "What a Diff'rence a Day Makes," a revival of a Dorsey Brothers hit set to a Latin American bolero tune. For the rest of her career, she would concentrate on singing ballads backed by lush orchestrations for Mercury and Roulette, a formula similar to that of another R&B-based singer at that time, Ray Charles, and one that drew plenty of fire from critics even though her basic vocal approach had not changed one iota. Although her later records could be as banal as any easy-listening dross of the period, there are gems to be found, like Billie Holiday's "Don't Explain," which has a beautiful, bluesy Ernie Wilkins chart conducted by Quincy Jones. Struggling with a weight problem, Washington died of an accidental overdose of diet pills mixed with alcohol at the tragically early age of 39, still in peak voice, still singing the blues in an L.A. club only two weeks before the end.

- Richard S. Ginell (All Music Guide)


Настоящее имя Рут Джонс (29 августа 1924, Таскалуса, Алабама - 14 декабря 1963, Детройт, Мичиган) - американская джазовая певица и пианистка.

Музыкальную деятельность начала очень рано, выступала как пианистка и пела в негритянском церковном (баптистском) хоре в Чикаго. В возрасте 15 лет участвовала в любительском вокальном конкурсе в чикагском Regal Theatre и имела здесь большой успех. Гастролировала (в качестве аккомпаниатора) с блюзовой певицей Кларой Уорд. С 1942 пела в бapaх и ночных клубах. Была "открыта" антрепренером Джо Глэйзером, при посредничестве которого получила приглашение в оркестр Лайонела Хэмптона (1943). С 1946 концертировала как солистка с различными ансамблями и оркестрами. В 1958 сотрудничала с Урби Грином, Терри Гиббсом и Максом Роучем на съемках кинофильма о джазовом фестивале Jazz On A Summer's Day в Ньюпорте. В 1959 совершила турне в Англию (выступала в радиопрограммах BBC), затем посетила Швецию. Совместно с Джо Завинулом (как аккомпаниатором) предприняла поездку по США. В 1963 заняла одно из ведущих мест среди вокалистов в анкете журнала Down Beat. Записала ряд пластинок: именных (с 1943), с оркестрами Л. Хэмптона (1943-44), "Лакки" Томпсона (1945), Куинси Джонса и других.

В 40-е годы Дайна Вашингтон стала одной из признанных звезд в области джазовой интерпретации блюза (блюз-ин-свинг); публика и критики удостоили ее звания "Королевы блюза". Обладала сильным, грубоватого тембра голосом. Пела в динамичной манере, напоминающей блюзовых певиц классического периода (в частности, Бесси Смит), нередко с острым юмором (подчас довольно циничным), с использованием разнообразных шаут-эффектов. Испытала влияние госпел. В 50-е проявила себя как боп-вокалистка. Кроме того, завоевала большую популярность как исполнительница ритм-энд-блюза.


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=15404991 About on 'NPR Jazz profile'
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=11174 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.soulwalking.co.uk/Dinah%20Washington.html Biography, discography
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinah_Washington About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dinah_Washington About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
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CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Dinah Washington - 'Back To The Blues' - 1963, Roulette
 Dinah Washington - 'Complete Recordings With Clifford Brown' - 1954, Lone Hill Jazz
 Dinah Washington - 'Dinah Jams' - 1954, PSM, Galactic
 Dinah Washington - 'Dinah Washington Sings Bessie Smith' - 1958, EmArcy
 Dinah Washington - 'Dinah Washington: The Diva Series' - 2003, Verve
 Dinah Washington - 'For Those In Love' - 1992, EmArcy
 Dinah Washington - 'I Wanna Be Loved' - 1962, Mercury, Verve
 Dinah Washington - 'In The Land Of HiFi' - 1956, EmArcy
 Dinah Washington - 'Jazz 'Round Midnight: Dinah Washington' - 1993, Verve
 Dinah Washington - 'Mixed Emotions' - 2002, Past Perfect
 Dinah Washington - 'The Fats Waller Songbook' - 1957, GRP
 Dinah Washington - 'The Swingin' Miss 'D'' - 1956, EmArcy, Азбука Звука
 Dinah Washington - 'Unforgettable' - 1991, Mercury
 Dinah Washington - 'What A Diff'rence A Day Makes!' - 1959, Verve

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:11

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