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     Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau
 
 

Born: May 28, 1925 in Berlin, Germany
Died: 18 May 2012 in Berg Berg (am Starnberger See), Germany
Genre: Opera, Vocal Music
Country: Germany

During a career that spanned nearly five decades, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau established himself as one of the most accomplished performing artists of the twentieth century. He is widely considered to have been the finest modern interpreter of German lieder, and his extensive operatic career was noted for fine musicianship and powerful characterization. He has also made important contributions as an author, conductor, and teacher.

Born in Berlin on May 28, 1925, Fischer-Dieskau began his vocal studies at the age of sixteen, only shortly before being drafted into the Nazi Wehrmacht. After two years as a prisoner of war, the young baritone returned to Germany and soon made his oratorio debut in Brahms' Ein deutsches Requiem, and his stage debut in Verdi's Don Carlos (Posa). Engaged as the 'house' lyric baritone (kammersanger) at the Berlin Stadtische Oper, he also began making guest appearances at the Vienna Staatsoper, and the Salzburg Festival. In the early 1950's he began a series of engagements at the Bayreuth festival, establishing a lasting relationship with the music of Wagner, especially the role of Wolfram in Tannhauser. In the following decades, Fischer-Dieskau would traverse an impressive range of operatic roles, including Don Giovanni in Mozart's eponymous work, Mittenhofer in Hans Werner Henze's Elegy for Young Lovers, and John the Baptist in Strauss' Salome; his most critically admired performances were as Don Alfonso in Cosi fan tutte, Germont pere in La Traviata, and Count Almaviva in Le nozze di Figaro.

Fischer-Dieskau's recital career began equally early and impressively - with a 1948 Radio Berlin broadcast of Schubert's Winterreise; however, it was with his first concerts and recordings with the English collaborative pianist Gerald Moore that his international fame began to spread. Together, the two of them recorded every song of Schubert, Schumann and Wolf (excluding those few that are generally reserved for the female voice) and considerable portions of those by Brahms, Strauss, Loewe and Beethoven. This catalogue of repertoire is impressive for its sheer size, and even more so for its consistent excellence; while opinions have sometimes diverged on the subjective merits of Fischer-Dieskau's voice, there is no question that his performances of lieder represented the perfect wedding of poetry and lyricism - the very essence of the lied. While his collaboration with Gerald Moore was singular in its productivity, Fischer-Dieskau was by no means a "one-pianist" man. His work with accompanist Jorg Demus represents an impressive catalogue of its own, and he made memorable appearances and recordings with many other leading musicians, such as Alfred Brendel, Vladimir Horowitz, Daniel Barenboim, and Sviatoslav Richter. Also, his repertoire was by no means limited to works of the Romantic masters; he has championed the works of lesser-known composers, such as Othmar Schoeck. His cumulative body of recorded performances is stunning, perhaps best illustrated by the number of pieces of which his discography contains multiple (sometimes as many as four!) performances. A number of composers wrote works for him, the most notable of which is Benjamin Britten (Songs and Proverbs of William Blake), whose War Requiem the baritone also premiered in 1962.

Certainly Fischer-Dieskau is best characterized by his performances of works for voice and piano, in which his imagination, musicianship, and vocal timbre were showcased to the fullest. However, he made equal strides in the realm of orchestral lieder; his performances of Mahler's Lieder eines fahrenden Gesellen, Ruckert Lieder, and Kindertotenlieder are some of the finest on record. Other works he performed with orchestra included the Michelangelo Sonnets of Dmitri Shostakovich, Brahms' German Requiem, and numerous cantatas of Bach and Telemann.

-Allen Schrott (All Music Guide)

====

Дитрих Фишер-Дискау (нем. Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau; род. 28 мая 1925, Берлин - 18 мая 2012, Берг (ам-Штарнбергер-Зе)) - немецкий оперный и камерный певец (баритон), музыковед, дирижёр. Каммерзенгер Баварской и Берлинской государственной оперы.

В 1947-1948 годах учился в Берлинской Высшей школе музыки у Хермана Вайссенборна. Дебютировал в 1947 году, заменив заболевшего солиста в "Немецком Реквиеме" Брамса. В 1948 стал членом труппы Берлинской городской оперы. Гастролировал с 1949 года. Был постоянным участником крупных фестивалей (Эдинбург - с 1952, Байрёйт - с 1954, Зальцбург - с 1956). Выступал в Немецкой опере в Берлине, Мюнхенском национальном театре, Венской опере, лондонском театре Ковент Гарден, нью-йоркском Карнеги-Холле и т. д.

Дитрих Фишер-Дискау участвовал в премьерах произведений композиторов Ханса Вернера Хенце, Винфрида Циллига, Готфрида фон Эйнема, Ариберта Райманна. Певец сотрудничал с такими дирижёрами, как Вильгельм Фуртвенглер, Герберт фон Караян, Карл Бём, сэр Георг Шолти, Отто Клемперер и многими другими, осуществил огромное количество записей. Его обширный репертуар включал в себя партии в операх разных композиторов, песни, произведения кантатно-ораториального жанра, много редко исполняемых произведений.

Последний концерт Дитриха Фишера-Дискау состоялся в 1992 году. Уделял большое внимание преподаванию, дирижированию, литературной деятельности.

В 1980 году Фишер-Дискау удостоен Премии Эрнста Сименса - одной из самых престижных мировых музыкальных наград. В 1987 году ему была присуждена Премия Роберта Шумана за вклад в исполнение произведений Роберта Шумана.

'Wikipedia lib.'


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.s9.com/Biography/Fischer-Dieskau-Dietrich Biography
www.mwolf.de/start.html Biography, discography, schedules
www.gopera.com/lieder/fidi_interview.html Interview
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dietrich_Fischer-Dieskau About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Фишер-Дискау,_Дитрих О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
www.bach-cantatas.com/Bio/Fischer-Dieskau-Dietrich.htm Biography from 'bach-cantatas.com' [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dietrich_Fischer-Dieskau About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Фишер-Дискау,_Дитрих О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
   
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Mahler Lieder: Des Knaben Wunderhorn' - 2001, EMI
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Mendelssohn: Lieder' - 1993, EMI
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Schubert: Die Schone Mullerin' - 1997, EMI
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Schubert: Lieder' - 2004, Apex
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Schubert: Winterreise' - 2002, EMI
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Schumann: Liederkreis Op.24 & Op.39' - 2004, EMI
 Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau - 'Schumann: Liederkreis Op.24, Dichterliebe Op. 48' - 1995, Erato
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Gustav Mahler - 'Des Knaben Wunderhorn' - 1968, EMI
  как соисполнитель ...
 Johann Sebastian Bach - 'Famous Cantatas BWV 140, 56, 51, 147, 4, 202' - 1997, Deutsche Grammophon
 Johann Sebastian Bach - 'Mass In B Minor, BWV 232 (K. Richter)' - 1962, DG Archiv
 Alban Berg - 'Wozzeck. Lulu (Karl Bohm)' - 1965, Deutsche Grammophon
 Lord Benjamin Britten - 'War Requiem' - 1963, Aquarius
 Franz Joseph Haydn - 'The Creation (Herbert Von Karajan)' -
 Paul Hindemith - 'Requiem' - 1987, Orfeo
 Gustav Mahler - '10 Symphonies (Kubelik)' - 1967, Deutsche Grammophon
 


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