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     Claudio Abbado

Born: Jun 26, 1933 in Milan
Died: 20 January 2014 in Bologna
Country: Italy
Genre: Symphony, Orchestral Music, Opera

Claudio Abbado is one of the leading conductors of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries. He has held a number of prestigious posts, any one of which would be a crowning achievement for a conductor, and his musical presence in both concert and recordings has left an undeniable legacy of excellence.

His family traces its roots to a prominent Moorish family expelled from Spain in 1492 and is said to include the architect of the Alhambra. His father was Michelangelo Abbado, a violinist and teacher who gave both Claudio and his brother, Marcello Abbado, their first piano and music lessons (Marcello has gone on to become a pianist and composer).

Claudio was educated at the Milan Conservatory, graduating in 1955 with a certificate in piano. While a student there, he also studied conducting with Antonio Votto. In 1955, he studied piano with Friedrich Gulda in Salzburg, and then (from 1956 to 1958) attended Hans Swarowsky's conducting classes at the Vienna Academy of Music.

In 1958, he made his conducting debut in Trieste, and won the Koussevitsky Competition at Tanglewood. This led to his engagement in several provincial opera houses and orchestras, as well as a teaching position at Parma Conservatory. After winning the 1963 Dimitri Mitropoulos Prize, he was awarded a five-month position on the staff of the New York Philharmonic, with which he made his American professional debut on 7 April 1963. The year 1965 marked his debut with the Vienna Philharmonic at the Salzburg Festival, but more so for his return to his home town of Milan to conduct at La Scala. He would conduct there again in 1967, become company's resident director in 1968, and be named Music Director in 1971.

Abbado was credited with raising the performing standards at La Scala, and for broadening its repertory. He also organized its orchestral players into the Orchestra della Scala, whose performances of works by such composers as Schoenberg, Nono, Ligeti, Stockhausen, and Berio brought Abbado special acclaim as an interpreter of modern works.

In 1971, he was appointed principal conductor of the Vienna Philharmonic. Soon after, he formed a relationship with the London Symphony Orchestra, of which he became principal conductor in 1979, and finally Music Director, a post he retained until 1988. Other activities during this period included the founding of the European Community Youth Orchestra, the Chamber Orchestra of Europe, and the Gustav Mahler Youth Chamber Orchestra.

For the period 1982-86 Abbado served as Principal Guest Conductor at the Chicago Symphony Orchestra, after which he was appointed Music Director of the Vienna State Opera. The Viennese further honored him by appointing him General Music Director of the City. During his tenure, he founded (1988) the Wien Modern music festival, which has now grown to encompass all forms of contemporary art.

Abbado succeeded Herbert von Karajan as Music Director of the Berlin Philharmonic in 1989. In 1991, he relinquished his position at the Vienna State Opera, but he has maintained a presence in the city by founding the annual Vienna prize for young composers. In 1994, he succeeded to another post once held by Karajan, namely the directorship of the Salzburg Easter Festival.

Abbado is an exciting conductor who relishes the beauty of tone. His extensive discography includes the complete symphonic works of Mahler, Schubert, Ravel, Tchaikovsky, Mendelssohn, and Beethoven, and dozens of other recordings.

-Joseph Stevenson (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.sonyclassical.com/artists/abbado/ Biography, discography
www.abbadiani.it/english/Welcome2.html News
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claudio_Abbado About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Аббадо,_Клаудио О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claudio_Abbado About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Аббадо,_Клаудио О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Claudio Abbado - 'Luigi Nono: Il Canto Sospeso; Gustav Mahler: Kindertotenlieder' - 1993, Sony
 Claudio Abbado - 'Mahler: Sinfonie Nr. 4 G-Dur. Berg: Sieben Fruhe Lieder' - 2005, Deutsche Grammophon
 Claudio Abbado - 'Schoenberg: Ein Uberlebender Aus Warschau. Webern: Orchesterwerke' - 1993, Deutsche Grammophon
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Bela Bartok - 'Piano Concertos Nos. 1 & 2. Two Portraits' - 1979, Deutsche Grammophon
 Alban Berg - 'Wozzeck (Claudio Abbado)' - 1988, Deutsche Grammophon
 Georges Bizet - 'Carmen (Claudio Abbado)' - 1978, Deutsche Grammophon
 Paul Hindemith - 'Mathis Der Maler' - 1995, Deutsche Grammophon
 Luigi Nono - 'Como Una Ola De Fuerza y Luz. Sofferte Onde Serene. Contrapunto Dialettico Alla Mente' - 1990, Deutsche Grammophon
 Gioachino Rossini - 'La Cenerentola (Claudio Abbado)' - 2006, Deutsche Grammophon
 Richard Georg Strauss - 'New Year's Eve Concert 1992' - 1993, Sony
 Various Artists - 'Prokofiev: Piano Concerto No.3 Ravel: Piano Concerto In G, Gaspard De La Nuit' - 1967, Deutsche Grammophon
 Various Artists - 'Stockhausen: Gruppen. Kurtag: Grabstein Fuer Stephan, Stele' - 1996, Deutsche Grammophon
  как соисполнитель ...
 Cecilia Bartoli - 'The Art Of Cecilia Bartoli' - 2002, Decca

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