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     Ernest Chausson
 
 

Born: Jan 20, 1855 in Paris, France
Dead: Jun 10, 1899 in Limay, France
Genre: Vocal Music, Concerto
Country: France

If Marcel Proust had written music, it might have sounded something like Ernest Chausson's: intensely passionate, yet rarely given to grand gestures. The effectiveness of Chausson's ardent, even erotic, musical language derives largely from the slithery chromatic style the composer inherited from his most important teacher, Cesar Franck. Not a prolific composer, Chausson died in 1899, at the age of 44, from injuries sustained in a bicycle accident. Chausson's death silenced the most distinctive voice in French music in the generation immediately preceding Debussy's; indeed, Chausson's music forms an elegant, if swaying, bridge between Franck's lush, Wagnerian Romanticism and the sensuous Impressionist language of Debussy. Chausson came from a well-to-do family; in fact, comfortable circumstances throughout his entire life made it unnecessary for him to pursue a living as a musician. Although interested in music from a young age, Chausson pursued law studies at his father's behest. In 1877, he was sworn in as a lawyer in Paris; in the same year, he wrote his first work, the unpublished song Lilas. The impulse to devote himself to composition was sparked in 1879, when he attended a performance of Wagner's Tristan und Isolde in Munich and met there the sometime Wagner disciple Vincent d'Indy. Chausson entered the Paris Conservatory in the following year and began studies with Jules Massenet; his formal musical education was rounded out by private study with Franck. Chausson's talent flowered in short order; a number of even his earliest published works - especially the song set Seven Melodies, Op. 2 (1879-82) - have long been regarded as small masterpieces. As secretary of the Societe Nationale de Musique (an organization founded by Saint-Saens and others to promote the performance of French instrumental music) from 1886, Chausson became a full-fledged member of the Parisian musical community. His salon became a regular meeting place for literary and musical notables includeing Mallarme, Debussy, Albeniz, pianist Alfred Cortot, and violinist/composer Eugene Ysaye. A prolific composer of songs, Chausson also composed works for voice and orchestra, choral music, and several operas. He is best known, however, for his chamber music - especially the Concerto for piano, violin, and string quartet, Op. 21 (1889-91) and the Piano Quartet, Op. 30 (1897) - and for imaginative orchestral works like the Symphony in B flat major, Op. 20 (1889-90) and the Poeme for violin and orchestra, Op. 25 (1896).

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Эрнест Шоссон (Ernest Chausson)
(21.01.1855, Париж - 10.06.1899, Лиме)

Французский композитор. Композиции учился в Парижской консерватории у Жюля Массне; одновременно брал уроки у С. Франка. Состоял секретарем Национального музыкального общества в Париже. Из-за тяжелых материальных условий Шоссон не мог уделять композиции достаточного времени, отсюда сравнительно небольшое количество его законченных сочинений. Клод Дебюсси писал о Шоссоне: "Он был одним из самых тонких музыкантов, несмотря на тяжелое фламандское влияние Франка. Это влияние, однако, оказало плохую услугу Шоссону в том смысле, что к естественному дару ясности и изящества примешалась эта сентиментальная суровость...". Наиболее известными произведением Шоссона являются лирическая "Поэма" для скрипки с оркестром (1896), характерная для его стиля музыки и входящая в репертуар почти всех концертирующих скрипачей, симфония (1890), тонкие и проникновенные песни на слова Мориса Метерлинка и Поля Верлена. Единственная постановленная на сцене (1903) опера Шоссона "Король Артус", и по сюжету и по музыке напоминающая вагнеровского "Тристана", не удержалась в репертуаре.

-М. Ю. Миркин.
www.c-cafe.ru/days/bio/10/052.php


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.dovesong.com/positive_music/archives/romantic/Chausson.asp About
www.recmusic.org/lieder/c/chausson.html Works
www.belcanto.ru/chausson.html Биография [ru]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Chausson About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ernest_Chausson About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Ernest Chausson - 'Concert Pour Violon, Piano Et Quatuor A Cordes Op. 21' - 1984, Harmonia mundi
 Ernest Chausson - 'Trio Op. 3. Quatuor Op. 30' - 1984, Harmonia mundi France
 


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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:41:34

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