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     Tomas Luis De Victoria
 
 

Country: Spain
Birth: 1548 in Avila, Spain
Death: Aug 20, 1611 in Madrid, Spain
Period: Renaissance

The dominating figure of sixteenth century Spanish music, Tomas Luis de Victoria was born in Avila. He was sent to Rome to study, possibly for a time under Palestrina during the latter's years at the Roman Seminary. In 1571 he succeeded Palestrina there as choirmaster, a post he also subsequently occupied at the Jesuit Order's German College. Later he became active as a priest, working at St. Girolamo della Carita. Following his return to Spain in 1585, Victoria served the Empress Maria and her daughter as teacher, organist, and choirmaster until his death in 1611.

By the time Victoria arrived in Rome, the conservative ecclesiastical establishment and the Council of Trent had ensured that any musical hint of the "lascivious or the impure" was largely banished (Palestrina was even moved to dismiss his publication of secular madrigals as a youthful peccadillo). It is therefore not surprising to find that Victoria's output consists solely of religious music that eschews even the use of secular cantus firmus, and that displays the formal perfection and the well-smoothed vocal writing of the Palestrina style. What is surprising is that despite his Roman training and years of service in the city, Victoria so strongly retained his Spanish roots. Some of his finest works were composed after his return home, and many of them contain features that seem to epitomize the deeply mystical approach of so much Spanish Renaissance music. Comparison with Palestrina reveals a greater emphasis on chromatic color and use of dynamic contrast; Victoria's block harmonies and multiple choirs look forward to the Baroque. His response to words is acute and highly personal, a characteristic particularly suited to the comparatively dynamic and plastic form of the motet and to other texts which allow full rein to subjective treatment. Of Victoria's 44 motets, the early four-part O quam gloriosum can perhaps be allowed a special mention, since it is pervaded by a youthful vigor and joyous radiance that gives lie to the understandable impression that Spanish Renaissance composers were preoccupied with somber religious subjects. His widely performed Christmas motet, O magnum mysterium, exudes a quiet sense of wonder. Victoria's fame as a motet composer has tended to overshadow his masses, yet at their finest, as in the lovely Missa Ave maris stella, they are not inferior to those of Palestrina.

To discover Victoria at his greatest, however, one must ultimately return to the darker side, and in particular to the two works by which he is best known, the Tenebrae Responsories (first published in 1585) and the Requiem of 1605, a work of timeless serenity. The former is a setting of 18 pieces that adhere to the traditional form of the responsory, with its alternation of verse and refrain. The work takes us through the Passion story in music that relies not so much on the drama of the events themselves as on a quite extraordinarily direct and profound response to the text, a response frequently achieved by means of the greatest simplicity, or, perhaps more accurately, apparent simplicity.

- Brian Robins (All Music Guide)


Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
www.uma.es/victoria/ About
www.dovesong.com/positive_music/archives/renaissance/Victoria.asp About, works
www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/victoria.html Works
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomas_Luis_de_Victoria About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Виктория,_Томас_Луис_де О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
www.hoasm.org/IVL/Victoria.html Biography on HOASM [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tomas_Luis_de_Victoria About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Виктория,_Томас_Луис_де О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Tomas Luis De Victoria - 'Cantica Beatae Virginis' - 1992, Astree, Auvidis
 Tomas Luis De Victoria - 'Et Iesum' - 2004, Harmonia mundi
 Tomas Luis De Victoria - 'Missa "Vidi Speciosam"' - 1984, Hyperion Rec.
 Tomas Luis De Victoria - 'O Quam Gloriosum. Ave Maris Stella' - 1984, Hyperion Rec.
 Tomas Luis De Victoria - 'Tenebrae Responsories' - 1979, Harmonia mundi
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina - 'Mass "Hodie Christus Natus Est"' - 1993, Deutsche Grammophon
  как соисполнитель ...
 La Capella Reial De Catalunya - 'Offertorium' - 1997, Astree, Auvidis
 Various Artists - 'Polifonia Sacra Nel Rinascimento Spagnolo' - 1987, GB
 


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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:41:12

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