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     Alexander Scriabin

Country: Russia
Birth: Jan 6, 1872 in Moscow, Russia
Death: Apr 27, 1915 in Moscow, Russia
Period: Modern

Mystic, visionary, virtuoso, and composer, Skryabin dedicated his life to creating musical works which would, as he believed, open the portals of the spiritual world. Skryabin took piano lessons as a child, joining, in 1884, Nikolay Zverov's class, where Rachmaninov was a fellow-student. From 1888 to 1892, Skryabin studied at the Moscow Conservatory, where his teachers included Arensky, Taneyev, and Safonov. Although Skryabin's hand could not easily stretch beyond an octave, he developed into a prodigious pianist, launching an international concert career in 1894. Skryabin started composing during his Conservatory years. Mostly inspired by Chopin, his early works include nocturnes, mazurkas, preludes, and etudes for piano. Typical examples of Romantic music for the piano, these works nevertheless reveal the composer's strong individuality. Toward the end of the century, Skryabin started writing orchestral works, earning a solid reputation as a composer, and obtaining a professorship at the Moscow Conservatory in 1898. In 1903, however, Skryabin abandoned his wife and their four children and embarked on a European journey with a young admirer, Tatyana Schloezer. During his sojourn in Western Europe, which lasted six years, Skryabin started developing an original, highly personal musical idiom, experimenting with new harmonic structures and searching for new sonorities. Among the works composed during this time is the Divine Poem. In 1905, Skryabin discovered the theosophical teachings of Helena Petrovna Blavatsky, which became the intellectual foundation of his musical and philosophical efforts. In true Romantic tradition, he sought to situate his work as a composer in the wider spiritual and intellectual context of his age. Previously influenced by Nietzsche's ideas about the advent of a superhuman being, Skryabin embraced theosophy as an intellectual framework for his profound feelings about humankind's quest for God. Works from this period, exemplified by the Poem of Ecstasy (1908) and Prometheus (1910), reflect Skryabin's conception of music as a bridge to mystical ecstasy. While the ideas underlying his works may seem far-fetched, Skryabin's musical language included some fascinating, and very tangible, innovations, such as chords based on fourths and unexpected chromatic effects. Lacking an inner forward-moving force, Skryabin's later works nevertheless fascinate the listener by harmonic transformations which aim to reflect certain undefinable aspects of human consciousness. In addition, the composer, who strongly believed in the synaesthetic nature of art, experimented with sounds and colors, indicating, for example, lighting specification for the performance of particular works. Indeed, Skryabin's interest in color was hardly academic, considering that , as an orchestrator, he exploited the full potential of orchestral color. While Skryabin never quite crossed the threshold to atonality, his music nevertheless replaced the traditional concept of tonality by an intricate system of chords, some of which (e.g. the "mystic chord": C-F sharp-B flat-E-A-D) had an esoteric meaning. Skryabin's gradual move into realms beyond traditional tonality can be clearly heard in his ten piano sonatas; the last five, composed during 1912 - 1913, are without key signatures and certainly contain atonal moments. In 1915, Skryabin died in of septicemia caused by a carbuncle on his lip. Among his unfinished project was Mysterium, a grandiose religious synthesis of all arts which would herald the birth of a new world.

- Zoran Minderovic (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
Bio Творческие портреты композиторов
www.scriabinsociety.com Official site. Includes bibliography, biography, discography...
www.classical.net/music/comp.lst/scriabin.html Works
www.tonnel.ru/?l=gzl&uid=438&op=bio Биография, творчество [ru]
www.scriabin.ru Персональный сайт композитора [ru]
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Scriabin About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Скрябин,_Александр_Николаевич О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Scriabin About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Скрябин,_Александр_Николаевич О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
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CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Alexander Scriabin - 'Preparation For The Final Mistery' - Deutschland Radio
 Alexander Scriabin - 'Symphony No. 1' - 1985, Aquarius
 Alexander Scriabin - 'Symphony No. 2. Le Poeme De L'Extase' - 1989, Aquarius
 Alexander Scriabin - 'Symphony No. 3. Le Poeme Du Feu' - 1988, Aquarius
 Alexander Scriabin - 'The Complete Etudes' - 1993, Aquarius
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Vladimir Horowitz - 'Vladimir Horowitz Plays Scriabin' - 1987, CBS Records
 Stanislav Neuhaus - 'Rachmaninov, Scriabin. Vol. 1' - 2006, Vista Vera
 Mikhail Pletnev - 'Scriabin: 24 Preludes. Sonatas 4 & 10' - 1997, Virgin
 Sviatoslav Richter - 'Richter The Master, Vol. 3: Scriabin, Prokofiev, Shostakovich' - 2007, Decca
 Vladimir Sofronitsky - 'Vladimir Sofronitsky Plays Scriabin' - 2002, Vista Vera
  как соисполнитель ...
 Denis Matsuev - 'Denis Matsuev - The Carnegie Hall Concert' - 2008, RCA Red Seal
 Andres Segovia - 'The Fabulous Andres Segovia' - 2007, Cherry Red Records
 Grigory Sokolov - 'Scriabine, Prokofiev, Rachmaninov' - 2003, Naive, Opus 111
 Spike Wilner - 'Blues Of Many Colors' - 2002, Fresh Sound New Talent

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:41:01

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