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     Oscar Peterson

Real name: Oscar Emmanuel Peterson.
Born: Aug 15, 1925 in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Died: December 23, 2007
Genres: Jazz.
Styles: Swing, Bop.
Instruments: Leader, Piano

Oscar Peterson is one of the greatest piano players of all time. A pianist with phenomenal technique on the level of his idol, Art Tatum, Peterson's speed, dexterity and ability to swing at any tempo have long been amazing. Very effective in small groups, jam sessions and in accompanying singers, O.P. is at his absolute best when performing unaccompanied solos. His original style does not fall into any specific idiom. Like Erroll Garner and George Shearing, Peterson's distinctive playing formed during the mid- to late '40s and fell somewhere between swing and bop.

Peterson has been criticized through the years because he uses so many notes, has not evolved much since the 1950s, and has recorded a remarkable number of albums. Perhaps it is because critics ran out of favorable adjectives to use early in his career; certainly it can be said that Peterson plays 100 notes when other pianists might use ten, but all 100 usually fit, and there is nothing wrong with showing off technique when it serves the music. As with Johnny Hodges and Thelonious Monk, to name two, Peterson spent his career growing within his style rather than making any major changes once his approach was set, certainly an acceptable way to handle one's career. Because he was Norman Granz's favorite pianist (along with Tatum) and the producer tended to record some of his artists excessively, Peterson has made an incredible number of albums. Not all are essential, and a few are routine, but the great majority are quite excellent, and there are dozens of classics.

Oscar Peterson started classical piano lessons when he was six and developed quickly. After winning a talent show at 14, he began starring on a weekly radio show in Montreal. Peterson picked up early experience as a teenager playing with Johnny Holmes' Orchestra. From 1945-49, he recorded 32 selections for Victor in Montreal. Those trio performances find Peterson displaying a love for boogie-woogie, which he would soon discard, and the swing style of Teddy Wilson and Nat King Cole. His technique was quite brilliant even at that early stage, and although he had not yet been touched by the influence of bop, he was already a very impressive player.

Norman Granz discovered Peterson in 1949 and soon presented him as a surprise guest at a Jazz at the Philharmonic concert. Peterson was recorded in 1950 on a series of duets with either Ray Brown or Major Holley on bass; his version of "Tenderly" became a hit. Peterson's talents were quite obvious, and he became a household name in 1952 when he formed a trio with guitarist Barney Kessel and Brown. Kessel tired of the road and was replaced by Herb Ellis the following year. The Peterson-Ellis-Brown Trio, which often toured with JATP, was one of jazz's great combos from 1953-58. Their complex yet swinging arrangements were competitive - Ellis and Brown were always trying to outwit and push the pianist - and consistently exciting. In 1958, when Ellis left the band, it was decided that no other guitarist could fill in so well, and he was replaced (after a brief stint by Gene Gammage) by drummer Ed Thigpen. In contrast to the earlier group, the Peterson-Brown-Thigpen Trio (which lasted until 1965) found the pianist easily the dominant soloist. Later versions of the group featured drummers Louis Hayes (1965-66), Bobby Durham (1967-70), Ray Price (1970) and bassists Sam Jones (1966-70) and George Mraz (1970).

In 1960, Oscar Peterson established the Advanced School of Contemporary Music in Toronto, which lasted for three years. He made his first recorded set of unaccompanied piano solos in 1968 (strange that Norman Granz had not thought of it) during his highly rated series of MPS recordings. With the formation of the Pablo label by Granz in 1972, Peterson was often teamed with guitarist Joe Pass and bassist Niels Pedersen. He appeared on dozens of all-star records, made five duet albums with top trumpeters (Dizzy Gillespie, Roy Eldridge, Harry "Sweets" Edison, Clark Terry and Jon Faddis) and teamed up with Count Basie on several two-piano dates. An underrated composer, Peterson wrote and recorded the impressive "Canadiana Suite" in 1964 and has occasionally performed originals in the years since. Although always thought of as a masterful acoustic pianist, Peterson has also recorded on electric piano (particularly some of his own works), organ on rare occasions, and even clavichord for an odd duet date with Joe Pass. One of his rare vocal sessions in 1965, With Respect to Nat, reveals that Peterson's singing voice was nearly identical to Nat King Cole's.

A two-day reunion with Herb Ellis and Ray Brown in 1990 (which also included Bobby Durham) resulted in four CDs. Peterson was felled by a serious stroke in 1993 that knocked him out of action for two years. Since then, he has gradually returned to the scene, although his left hand has been weakened. But even when he is not 100%, Oscar Peterson remains a classic improviser, one of the finest musicians that jazz has ever produced.

The pianist has appeared on an enormous number of records through the years. As a leader, he has recorded for Victor, Granz's Clef and Verve labels (1950-64), MPS, Mercury, Limelight, Pablo and Telarc.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=10250 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.nlc-bnc.ca/oscarpeterson/index-e.html Авторский сайт Национальной Канадской Библиотеки. Биография, туры и т.п.
www.nlc-bnc.ca/4/2/m3-2013-e.html Информационный сайт. Concordia University facility combining acoustic fidelity with a comfortable, stylish, optimized seating arrangement.
www.oscarpeterson.com Официальный сайт.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Peterson About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Питерсон,_Оскар О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oscar_Peterson About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Питерсон,_Оскар О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Oscar Peterson - 'A Jazz Odyssey' - 2002, Universal Int.
 Oscar Peterson - 'At The Concertgebouw' - 1957, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Big Six At The Montreux Jazz Festival 1975' - 1975, Original Jazz Classics
 Oscar Peterson - 'Blues Etude' - 1965, Verve Forecast
 Oscar Peterson - 'Canadiana Suite' - 1964, Limelight, Japanese Import
 Oscar Peterson - 'Girl Talk. Hello Herbie' - MPS
 Oscar Peterson - 'In Tune' - 1971, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Jousts' - 1975, Pablo, Galactic
 Oscar Peterson - 'Live At The Town Hall' - 1997, Telarc Jazz
 Oscar Peterson - 'Nigerian Marketplace' - 1981, Pablo
 Oscar Peterson - 'On The Town' - 1958, Prospekt, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Oscar Peterson Plays Count Basie' - 1955, Verve, Polygram
 Oscar Peterson - 'Oscar Peterson Trio + One Clark Terry' - 1964, Verve, Азбука Звука, EmArcy
 Oscar Peterson - 'Oscar's Ballads' - 2001, Telarc
 Oscar Peterson - 'Pastel Moods By Oscar Peterson' - 1954, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Plays The George Gershwin Song Book' - 1996, Polygram
 Oscar Peterson - 'Porgy And Bess' - 1976, Original Jazz
 Oscar Peterson - 'Quartet. Vol 1,2' - 1973, Verve, Sunnyside
 Oscar Peterson - 'Romance' - 1954, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Skol' - 1979, Original Jazz Classics
 Oscar Peterson - 'Soul Espanol' - 1966, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'Stan Gets And The Oscar Peterson Trio' - 1957, Verve, Витаком
 Oscar Peterson - 'The London Concert' - 1978, Galactic
 Oscar Peterson - 'The More I See You' - 1995, Telarc
 Oscar Peterson - 'The Music From "Fiorello!"' - 2005, Verve
 Oscar Peterson - 'The Paris Concert' - 1978, Pablo, ADA
 Oscar Peterson - 'The Sound Of The Trio' - 1961, Verve Forecast
 Oscar Peterson - 'Tracks' - 1970, Polygram
 Oscar Peterson - 'Tristeza On Piano' - 1970, Азбука Звука, MPS
 Oscar Peterson - 'Very Tall' - 1961, Verve, Азбука Звука
 Oscar Peterson - 'With Respect To Nat' - 1965, Verve
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Louis 'Satchmo' Armstrong - 'Louis Armstrong Meets Oscaar Peterson' - 1957, Landy Star
 Count Basie - 'Satch And Josh' - 1974, OJC, JVC, XRCD
 Ray Brown - 'Some Of My Best Friends Are.. The Piano Players' - 1995, Telarc Jazz
 Benny Carter - 'Just Friends' - 1986, M&A Group, Planet Music
 Lionel Hampton - 'Verve Jazz Masters 26' - 1994, Verve
 Stuff Smith - 'Stuff Smith, Dizzy Gillespie, Oscar Peterson' - 1994, Polygram
 Lester Young - 'Lester Young With The Oscar Peterson Trio #1' - 1952, Norgran
  как соисполнитель ...
 Benny Carter - '3, 4, 5 The Verve Small Group Sessions' - 1991, Verve
 Dorothy Dandridge - 'Smooth Operator' - 1999, Verve
 Eddie 'Lockjaw' Davis - 'Best Of Eddie 'Lockjaw' Davis' - 1981, Pablo
 Eddie 'Lockjaw' Davis - 'Montreux '77' - 1992, OJC
 Buddy DeFranco - 'Hark' - 1995, Original Jazz Classics
 Herb Ellis - 'Ellis In Wonderland' - 2006, Verve
 Herb Ellis - 'Nothing But The Blues' - 1994, Verve
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Louis Again' - 1957, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Louis Sing Gershwin' - 1998, Verve
 Stan Getz - 'Jazz Giants '58' - 2008, Verve
 Stan Getz - 'Stan Getz And J.J. Johnson At The Opera House' - 1957, Verve
 Stephane Grappelli - 'Violins No End' - 1957, Pablo, OJC
 Lionel Hampton - 'The Lionel Hampton Quintet' - 1954, Verve
 Coleman Hawkins - 'Blues For Yolande' - 1957, Ars Nova
 Antonio Carlos Jobim - 'The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook. The Girl From Ipanema' - A&M
 Yusef Lateef - 'The Three Faces Of Yusef Lateef' - 1992, Riverside, OJC
 Anita O'Day - 'Anita O'Day: Diva Series' - 2003, Verve
 Claus Ogerman - 'A Man And His Music' - 2004, Verve
 Flip Phillips - 'Keep On Flippin', Vol. 3 1952' - 2002, Ocium Records
 Alvin Queen - 'Mighty Long Way' - 2009, Enja
 Ben Webster - 'Ben Webster's Finest Hour' - 2000, Verve
 Ben Webster - 'King Of The Tenors' - 1984, Ars Nova, Polygram, Verve Forecast
 Ben Webster - 'Quiet Now: Until Tonight' - 2000, Polygram
 Ben Webster - 'Soulville' - 1991, Verve
 Ben Webster - 'Tenor Giants' - 1957, Verve, Enja
 Ben Webster - 'The Soul Of Ben Webster' - 1995, Verve
 Mary Lou Williams - 'Mary Lou Williams And The Trumpet Giants' - 1955, Lone Hill Jazz
 Lester Young - 'Going For Myself' - 2012, Poll Winners Records
 Lester Young - 'Pres And Sweets' - 1955, Verve

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:06

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