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     Wynton Marsalis

Born: Oct 18, 1961 in New Orleans, LA.
Genres: Jazz.
Styles: Contemporary Jazz, New Orleans Jazz, Post-Bop, Neo-Bop, Swing, Classical.
Instruments: Leader, Composer, Arranger, Trumpet

The most famous jazz musician since 1980, Wynton Marsalis made a major impact on jazz almost from the start. In the early '80s it was major news that a young and very talented Black musician would choose to make a living playing acoustic jazz rather than fusion, funk or R&B. Marsalis's arrival on the scene started the "Young Lions" movement and resulted in major labels (most of whom had shown no interest in jazz during the previous decade) suddenly signing and promoting young players. There had been a major shortage of new trumpeters since 1970 but Marsalis's sudden prominence inspired an entire new crop of brass players. The music of the mid-'60s Miles Davis Quintet had been somewhat overshadowed when it was new but Marsalis's Quintet focused on extending the group's legacy and soon other "Young Lion" units were using Davis's late acoustic work as their starting point.

During the past 15 years Wynton Marsalis has managed to be a controversial figure despite his obvious abilities. His selective knowledge of jazz history (considering post-1965 avant-garde playing to be outside of jazz and 1970s fusion to be barren) is unfortunately influenced by the somewhat eccentric beliefs of Stanley Crouch, and his hiring policies as musical director of the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra led to exaggerated charges of ageism and racism from local writers. However, more than balancing all of this out is Marsalis's inspiring work with youngsters, many of whom he has introduced to jazz; a few young musicians, such as Roy Hargrove, have been directly helped by Marsalis.

Wynton Marsalis's trumpet playing has been both overcriticized and (at least early on) overpraised. When he first arrived on the scene with the Jazz Messengers, his original inspiration was Freddie Hubbard. However by the time he began leading his own group, Marsalis often sounded very close to Miles Davis (particularly when holding a long tone) although a version of Miles with virtuosic technique. He was so widely praised by the jazz press at the time (due to their relief that the future of jazz finally seemed safe) that there was an inevitable backlash. Marsalis's sometimes inaccurate statements about jazz of the 1970s and the avant-garde in general made some observers angry, and his rather derivative tone at the time made it seem as if there was always going to have to be an asterisk by his name when evaluating his talents. Some listeners formed permanent impressions of Marsalis as a Miles Davis imitator, but they failed to take into account that he was still improving and developing. With the 1990 recording Tune in Tomorrow, Marsalis at last sounded like himself. He had found his own voice by exploring earlier styles of jazz (such as Louis Armstrong's playing), mastering the wa-wa mute and studying Duke Ellington. From that point on, even when playing a Miles Davis standard, Marsalis has had his own sound and has finally taken his place as one of jazz's greats.

The son of pianist Ellis Marsalis, the younger brother of Branford and the older brother of Delfeayo and Jason (the Marsalis clan as a whole can be accurately called "The First Family of Jazz"), Wynton (who was named after pianist Wynton Kelly) received his first trumpet at age six from Ellis's employer Al Hirt. He studied both classical and jazz and played in local marching bands, funk groups and classical orchestras. Marsalis played first trumpet in the New Orleans Civic Orchestra while in high school. He went to Juilliard when he was 18 and in 1980 he made his first recordings with the Art Blakey Big Band and joined the Jazz Messengers.

By 1981 the young trumpeter was the talk of the jazz world. He toured with Herbie Hancock (a double-LP resulted), continued working with Blakey, signed with Columbia and recorded his first album as a leader. In 1982 Marsalis not only formed his own quintet (featuring brother Branford and soon Kenny Kirkland, Charnett Moffett and Jeff "Tain" Watts) but recorded his first classical album; he was immediately ranked as one of the top classical trumpeters of all time. His quintet with Branford lasted until late 1985 although a rift developed between the brothers (fortunately temporary) when Branford finally quit the band to tour with Sting's pop group. By that time Wynton was a superstar, winning a countless number of awards and polls.

Marsalis's next group featured pianist Marcus Roberts, bassist Robert Hurst and drummer Watts. Over time the group grew to become a four-horn septet with trombonist Wycliffe Gordon, altoist Wes Anderson, Todd Williams on tenor, bassist Reginald Veal, drummer Herlin Riley and (by the early '90s) pianist Eric Reed. Marsalis has really developed his writing during the past decade (being influenced by Duke Ellington) and the septet proved to be a perfect outlet for his arranging. Although Wynton Marsalis broke up the band by 1995, many of the musicians still appear in his special projects or with the Lincoln Center Jazz Orchestra.

In 1997 Marsalis' marathon Blood on the Fields (which was released as a three-CD set) became the first jazz-based work to win a Pulitzer Pize. Standard Time, Vol. 5: The Midnight Blues followed a year later. With the passing of so many jazz giants during the past few years, Wynton Marsalis's importance (as a trumpeter, leader, writer and spokesman for jazz) continues to grow. Marsalis Plays Monk: Standard Time, Vol. 4 followed in 1999 to coincide with the popular PBS special. Then, as if 8 proper recordings in wasn't enough in 1999, Columbia and Marsalis released an amazingly affordable 7 disc set entitled:Live at the Villiage Vanguard. Mid-2000 saw the release of Marciac Suite and Goin' Down Home.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=1914 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.wyntonmarsalis.net/main1.html Personal website. News, Biography, discography, tour
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wynton_Marsalis About from 'wikipedia'
www.duke.edu/~de1/wynton.html Biography, pictures, discography, links [mobile]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wynton_Marsalis About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Wynton Marsalis - 'In Gabriel's Garden' - 1996, Columbia
 Wynton Marsalis - 'J Mood' - 1986, Columbia
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Joe Cool's Blues' - 1995, Columbia
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Jump Start And Jazz' - 1996, Columbia
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Standard Time Vol.2. Intimacy Calling' - 1987, Columbia
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Standards & Ballads' - 2008, Columbia, Legacy
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Unforgivable Blackness: The Rise And Fall Of Jack Johnson' - 2004, Blue Note
 Wynton Marsalis - 'Vitoria Suite' - 2010, Universal Music Spain
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Franz Joseph Haydn - 'Popular Concertos' - 2002, Sony
 Ted Nash - 'Rhyme & Reason' - 1999, Arabesque
 Various Artists - 'Marsalis Family: A Jazz Celebration' - 2003, Marsalis Music, Rounder
  как соисполнитель ...
 Kathleen Battle - 'A Carnegie Hall Christmas Concert' - 1992, Sony Classical
 David Benoit - 'Jazz For Peanuts' - 2008, Universal
 George Benson - 'Inspiration: A Tribute To Nat King Cole' - 2013, Concord
 Harry Connick Jr. - '30' - 2001, Columbia
 Harry Connick Jr. - 'Every Man Should Know' - 2013, Columbia
 Harry Connick Jr. - 'Your Songs' - 2009, Sony
 Michael Dr. White - 'Crescent City Serenade' - 1991, Antilles
 Michael Dr. White - 'New Year's Eve Live At The Village Vanguard' - 1992, Antilles
 Charles Fambrough - 'The Proper Angle' - 1992, CTI Records
 Chico Freeman - 'Destiny's Dance' - 1982, OJC
 Dizzy Gillespie - 'To Diz With Love: Diamond Jubilee Recordings' - 1992, Telarc
 Herbie Hancock - 'Quartet' - 1981, Columbia
 Roy Hargrove - 'Family' - 1995, Verve
 Jon Hendricks - 'Boppin' At The Blue Note' - 1995, Telarc
 Jon Hendricks - 'Freddie Freeloader' - 1990, Denon
 Shirley Horn - 'You Won't Forget Me' - 1990, Verve
 Elvin Jones - 'Tribute To John Coltrane: A Love Supreme' - 1994, Sony Music
 Branford Marsalis - 'I Heard You Twice The First Time' - 1992, Columbia
 Branford Marsalis - 'The Beautyful Ones Are Not Yet Born' - 1991, Columbia
 Branford Marsalis - 'The Steep Anthology' - 2004, Sony, Columbia
 Charles Mingus - 'Epitaph' - 1965, Columbia
 Frank Morgan - 'Mood Indigo' - 1989, Antilles
 Omara Portuondo - 'Omara & Chucho' - 2011, World Village
 Little Jimmy Scott - 'But Beautiful' - 2002, Prospekt
 The Marsalis Family - 'Music Redeems' - 2010, Marsalis Music
 Ben Wolfe - 'From Here I See' - 2013, MaxJazz

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:39:02

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