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     Ella Fitzgerald

Born: Apr 25, 1917 in Newport News, VA.
Died: Jun 15, 1996 in Beverly Hills, CA.
Genres: Jazz
Styles: Vocal Jazz, Traditional Pop, Standards, Swing, Bop, Classic Female Blues.
Instruments: Vocals

"The First Lady of Song," Ella Fitzgerald was arguably the finest female jazz singer of all time (although some may vote for Sarah Vaughan or Billie Holiday). Blessed with a beautiful voice and a wide range, Ella could outswing anyone, was a brilliant scat singer and had near-perfect elocution; one could always understand the words she sang. The one fault was that, since she always sounded so happy to be singing, Ella did not always dig below the surface of the lyrics she interpreted and she even made a downbeat song such as "Love for Sale" sound joyous. However, when one evaluates her career on a whole, there is simply no one else in her class.

One could never guess from her singing that Ella Fitzgerald's early days were as grim as Billie Holiday's. Growing up in poverty, Ella was literally homeless for the year before she got her big break. In 1934 she appeared at the Apollo Theater in Harlem, winning an amateur contest by singing "Judy" in the style of her idol, Connee Boswell. After a short stint with Tiny Bradshaw, Ella was brought to the attention of Chick Webb by Benny Carter (who was in the audience at the Apollo). Webb, who was not impressed by the 17-year-old's appearance, was reluctantly persuaded to let her sing with his orchestra on a one-nighter. She went over well and soon the drummer recognized her commercial potential. Starting in 1935, Ella began recording with Webb's Orchestra and by 1937 over half of the band's selections featured her voice. "A-Tisket, A-Tasket" became a huge hit in 1938 and "Undecided" soon followed. During this era Fitzgerald was essentially a pop/swing singer who was best on ballads while her medium-tempo performances were generally juvenile novelties. She already had a beautiful voice but did not improvise or scat much; that would develop later.

On June 16, 1939 Chick Webb died. It was decided that Ella would front the orchestra even though she had little to do with the repertoire or hiring or firing the musicians. She retained her popularity and when she broke up the band in 1941 and went solo, it was not long before her Decca recordings contained more than their share of hits. She was teamed with the Ink Spots, Louis Jordan and the Delta Rhythm Boys for some best-sellers and in 1946 began working regularly for Norman Granz's Jazz at the Philharmonic. Granz became her manager although it would be nearly a decade before he could get her on his label. A major change occured in Ella's singing around this period. She toured with Dizzy Gillespie's big band, adopted bop as part of her style and started including exciting scat-filled romps in her set. Her recordings of "Lady Be Good," "How High the Moon" and "Flying Home" during 1945-47 became popular and her stature as a major jazz singer rose as a result. For a time (1948-52) she was married to bassist Ray Brown and used his trio as a backup group. Ella's series of duets with pianist Ellis Larkins in 1950 (a 1954 encore with Larkins was a successful follow-up) found her interpreting George Gershwin songs, predating her upcoming Songbook series.

After appearing in the film Pete Kelly's Blues in 1955, Ella signed with Norman Granz's Verve label and over the next few years she would record extensive "Songbooks" of the music of Cole Porter, the Gershwins, Rodgers and Hart, Duke Ellington, Harold Arlen, Jerome Kern and Johnny Mercer. Although (with the exception of the Ellington sets) those were not her most jazz-oriented projects (Ella stuck mostly to the melody and was generally accompanied by string orchestras), the prestigious projects did a great deal to uplift her stature. At the peak of her powers around 1960, Ella's hilarious live version of "Mack the Knife" (in which she forgot the words and made up her own) from Ella in Berlin is a classic and virtually all of her Verve recordings are worth getting.

Ella's Capitol and Reprise recordings of 1967-70 are not on the same level as she attempted to "update" her singing by including pop songs such as "Sunny" and "I Heard It Through the Grapevine," sounding quite silly in the process. But Ella's later years were saved by Norman Granz's decision to form a new label, Pablo. Starting with a Santa Monica Civic concert in 1972 that is climaxed by Ella's incredible version of "C Jam Blues" (in which she trades off with and "battles" five classic jazzmen), Fitzgerald was showcased in jazz settings throughout the 1970s with the likes of Count Basie, Oscar Peterson and Joe Pass among others. Her voice began to fade during this era and by the 1980s her decline due to age was quite noticeable. Troubles with her eyes and heart knocked her out of action for periods of time although her increasingly rare appearances found Ella still retaining her sense of swing and joyful style. By 1994, Ella was in retirement and she passed away two years later, but she remains a household name and scores of her recordings are easily available on CD.

- Scott Yanow (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=6721 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
www.thepeaches.com/music/ella Ella Fitzgerald. /lyrics/
www.ellafitzgerald.fr.st UnOfficial website by Ella Fitzgerald.
jump.to/ella UnOfficial website by Ella Fitzgerald. 'The First Lady of Song'. Bio. Discography. Files. Links.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Fitzgerald About from 'wikipedia'
ru.wikipedia.org/wiki/Фицджеральд,_Элла О исполнителе из 'википедии' [ru]
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ella_Fitzgerald About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
ru.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Фицджеральд,_Элла О исполнителе из 'мобильной википедии' [mobile] [ru]
Хронологические таблицы (Hrono table)  
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Duke At The Cote D'Azur' - 1966, Verve, Galactic
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Louis Again' - 1957, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella & Louis Sing Gershwin' - 1998, Verve
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella Abraca Jobim: Sings The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook' - 1997, OJC, Fantasy
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella And Basie!' - 1963, Verve
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella Fitzgerald Sings The Duke Ellington Song Book' - 1957, Ars Nova
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella Swings Brightly With Nelson' - 1961, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella Swings Gently With Nelson' - 1962, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Ella Swings Lightly' - 1958, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Fine And Mellow' - 1974, Pablo
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Fitzgerald & Pass.. Again' - 1976, Prestige, OJC
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Lady Time' - 1978, Pablo, OJC, Ars Nova
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Oh, Lady, Be Good!' - 1996, Polygram
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'One O'clock Jump' - 1956, Verve Forecast
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Sings The Rodgers And Hart Songbook' - 2013, Verve
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Sophisticated Lady' - 2001, Fantasy, Pablo
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Speak Love' - 1983, Pablo, Galactic
 Ella Fitzgerald - 'Take Love Easy' - 1973, Pablo
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 George Gershwin - 'Porgy And Bess' - 1958, Verve
 Various Artists - 'Ella Fitzgerald & Louis Armstrong: Autumn In New York' - 2008, Top Music International
  как соисполнитель ...
 Antonio Carlos Jobim - 'The Antonio Carlos Jobim Songbook. The Girl From Ipanema' - A&M
 Quincy Jones - 'Back On The Block' - 1989, Qwest
 Yusef Lateef - 'The Three Faces Of Yusef Lateef' - 1992, Riverside, OJC
 New York Voices - 'Collection' - 1994, GRP
 Oscar Peterson - 'A Jazz Odyssey' - 2002, Universal Int.
 Ben Webster - 'Ben Webster's Finest Hour' - 2000, Verve

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 14/10/2016 18:38:53

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