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     Billy Cobham

Born: William Cobham on May 16, 1944 in Panama
Genre: Jazz
Styles: Fusion, Post-Bop, Pop/Rock, Jazz-Funk, Jazz-Rock
Instruments: Drums

Generally acclaimed as fusion's greatest drummer, Billy Cobham's explosive technique powered some of the genre's most important early recordings - including groundbreaking efforts by Miles Davis and the Mahavishnu Orchestra - before he became an accomplished bandleader in his own right. At his best, Cobham harnessed his amazing dexterity into thundering, high-octane hybrids of jazz complexity and rock & roll aggression. He was capable of subtler, funkier grooves on the one hand, and awe-inspiring solo improvisations on the other; in fact, his technical virtuosity was such that his flash could sometimes overwhelm his music. After debuting as a leader with the classic Spectrum in 1973, Cobham spent most of fusion's glory days recording for Atlantic; briefer stints on CBS, Elektra, and GRP followed, and by the mid-'80s, Cobham was de-emphasizing his own bands in favor of session and sideman work. Even so, he continued to record for various small labels with some regularity.

William C. Cobham was born May 16, 1944, in Panama, where as a very young child he became fascinated with the percussion instruments his cousins played. When Cobham was three, his family moved to New York City, and at age eight he made his performance debut with his father. He honed his percussion skills in a drum-and-bugle corps outfit called the St. Catherine's Queensmen, and attended New York's prestigious High School of Music and Art, graduating in 1962. From 1965 to 1968, he served as a percussionist in the U.S. Army Band, and after his release, he was hired as the new drummer in hard bop pianist Horace Silver's band. Cobham toured the U.S. and Europe with Silver in 1968, and also moonlighted with Stanley Turrentine, Shirley Scott, and George Benson. After eight months with Silver, Cobham departed to join the early jazz-rock combo Dreams in 1969, which also featured the Brecker brothers and guitarist John Abercrombie. From there, he landed a job in Miles Davis' new fusion ensemble, and played a small part in the seminal Bitches Brew sessions; he also appeared more prominently on several other Davis albums of the time, including more aggressive classics like Live-Evil and A Tribute to Jack Johnson.

Cobham and guitarist John McLaughlin split off from Davis' group to pursue a harder rocking brand of fusion in the Mahavishnu Orchestra, which debuted in 1971 with the seminal The Inner Mounting Flame. With Mahavishnu, Cobham's fiery intensity was given its fullest airing yet, and his extraordinary technique influenced not only countless fusioneers in his wake, but also quite a few prog rock drummers who were aiming for similarly challenging musical territory. The 1972 follow-up Birds of Fire cemented his reputation, and by this time he had also become something of an unofficial in-house drummer for Creed Taylor's CTI label, known for a smoother, more polished style of fusion; here Cobham backed musicians like George Benson, Stanley Turrentine, Freddie Hubbard, Hubert Laws, and Grover Washington, Jr. Unfortunately, the volatile group chemistry that made Mahavishnu's recordings so exciting also carried over into real life and the original lineup disbanded in 1973.

Deciding to make a go of it on his own, Cobham formed his own band, Spectrum (which initially featured ex-Mahavishnu cohort Jan Hammer on keyboards), and signed with Atlantic. His debut as a leader, also called Spectrum, was released in 1973, showcasing an exciting blend of jazz, funk, and rock that benefited from the presence of guitarists John Scofield and Tommy Bolin (the latter better known for his rock recordings); it also found Cobham experimenting a bit with electronic percussion. Spectrum is still generally acknowledged as the high point of Cobham's solo career, and holds up quite well today. Cobham followed Spectrum with a series of LPs on Atlantic that, like fusion itself, grew increasingly smoother and more commercial as the '70s wore on. For his second album, 1974's Crosswinds, ex-Dreams mate John Abercrombie joined the band, as did keyboardist George Duke, who would become a frequent Cobham collaborator over the years; that same year's performance at Montreux produced the live Shabazz. After Total Eclipse, Cobham moved more explicitly into commercial jazz-funk with 1975's A Funky Thide of Sings, which featured an expanded horn section. He pared the group back down for the improved Life and Times in 1976, and also played Montreux again, in tandem with Duke.

In 1977, Cobham switched to the CBS label, which set him firmly on the path of commercial accessibility. In addition to his records as a leader, he'd remained highly active as a session drummer, and began to focus on that side of his career even more in the late '70s. By 1980, he was done with CBS and began pursuing side opportunities, playing live with the Grateful Dead and Jack Bruce, as well as the Saturday Night Live band. He drummed for the Grateful Dead side project Bobby & the Midnites in 1982, and recorded three albums for Elektra in the early '80s with his new quartet the Glass Menagerie. During the mid-'80s, he cut three commercially oriented LPs for GRP, and spent the next few years stepping up his international touring and absorbing a healthy dose of world music. He played Peter Gabriel's 1992 WOMAD Festival, and the following year recorded The Traveler, inspired by a sojourn in Brazil. In 1996, he formed a more acoustic-oriented quartet called Nordic with three Norwegian musicians; the following year, he also started a German-based fusion outfit called Paradox. In 1998, Cobham began playing with a group called Jazz Is Dead, which devoted itself to jazz reinterpretations of Grateful Dead material; their album Blue Light Rain proved fairly popular among Deadheads. As Cobham maintained his touring, session, and bandleading activities, Rhino released the excellent two-CD retrospective Rudiments: The Billy Cobham Anthology in 2001.

- Steve Huey (All Music Guide)

Ресурсы сети, связанные с исполнителем:
musicians.allaboutjazz.com/musician.php?id=5775 Biography & articles on 'All About Jazz'
hometown.aol.com/whodowedo/cobham1.htm Page is dedicated to the accomplishments of one of the great drummers of our time , Billy Cobham.
www.billycobham.com Personal website. Biography, discography, links
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Cobham About from 'wikipedia'
en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Billy_Cobham About from 'wapedia.mobi' [mobile]
Поиск видео (Video Search) :  

CD коллекции, связанные с исполнителем:
  как основной исполнитель ...
 Billy Cobham - 'A Funky Thide Of Sings' - 1975, Atlantic, Ars Nova
 Billy Cobham - 'Art Of Four' - 2001, In Out Records
 Billy Cobham - 'Crosswinds. Shabazz' - 1974, Post-Bop, Fusion
 Billy Cobham - 'Culture Mix' - In And Out Records
 Billy Cobham - 'Drum'n'voice - All That Groove' - 2001, Sony S4, Prospekt
 Billy Cobham - 'Flight Time' - 2006, Inakustik
 Billy Cobham - 'Live In Leverkusen' - 2011, BHM Productions
 Billy Cobham - 'Many Years B.C.' - 2002, Snapper
 Billy Cobham - 'Spectrum' - 1973, Prospekt
  как основной соисполнитель ...
 Larry Coryell - 'Spaces Revisited' - 1997, Shanachie
 Donald Harrison - 'This Is Jazz: Live At The Blue Note' - 2011, Blue Note
  как соисполнитель ...
 Victor Bailey - 'Slippin' N' Trippin'' - 2011, Studio V Productions
 George Benson - 'California Concert: The Hollywood Palladium' - 1990, CTT, Sony
 George Benson - 'Giblet Gravy' - 1968, Polygram
 George Benson - 'White Rabbit. Good King Bad' - Columbia
 Kenny Burrell - 'God Bless The Child' - 1971, CTI Records, Columbia
 Ron Carter - 'All Blues' - 2011, Masterworks Jazz
 Stanley Clarke - 'School Days' - 1976, Epic
 Larry Coryell - 'Introducing The Eleventh House With Larry Coryell' - 1990, Vanguard
 Miles Davis - 'A Tribute To Jack Johnson' - 1970, Sony
 Miles Davis - 'Big Fun' - 1974, Sony
 Miles Davis - 'Circle In The Round' - 1979, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Get Up With It' - 1975, Columbia, Legacy
 Miles Davis - 'Live-Evil' - 1970, Columbia
 Miles Davis - 'The Complete Jack Johnson Session' - 2003, Columbia, Legacy
 Richard Davis - 'Forest Flowers' - 1977, 32 Jazz
 Eumir Deodato - 'Deodato 2' - 2002, Legacy
 Eumir Deodato - 'Prelude' - 1972, CTI Records, Sony
 Eumir Deodato - 'The Crossing' - 2010, Expansion
 Barry Finnerty - 'Space Age Blues' - 1998, Hot Wire Records
 Frank Gambale - 'Raison D'Etre' - 2004, Wombat
 Donald Harrison - 'Heroes' - 2004, Nagel Heyer
 Freddie Hubbard - 'Red Clay' - 1970, CBS Records
 Bill Laswell - 'Divine Light' - 2001, Lider
 Hubert Laws - 'Crying Song' - 1987, Columbia
 Hubert Laws - 'Morning Star' - 1972, Masterworks Jazz
 Mahavishnu Orchestra - 'Birds Of Fire' - 1973, Columbia, Legacy, Grammy Records
 Mahavishnu Orchestra - 'Wild Strings, Live In Cleveland' - 1972, FirePower
 Junior Mance - 'With A Lotta Help From My Friends' - 1970, Bomba Music, Atlantic
 John McLaughlin - 'A Live Supreme Brothers Of The Spirit' - 1973, Amphiteater
 Thierry Mineau - 'Paris' - 1989, Melodie
 Flora Purim - 'Speed Of Light' - 1994, Flavour of Sound Limited
 Carlos Santana - 'Love Devotion Surrender' - 1972, Columbia
 Horace Silver - 'Serenade To A Soul Sister' - 1968, Blue Note
 Horace Silver - 'You Gotta Take A Little Love' - 1969, Blue Note
 Johnny 'Hammond' Smith - 'Breakout' - 1971, Breakout
 Gabor Szabo - 'Mizrab' - 1972, CTI Records
 Stanley Turrentine - 'Cherry' - 1972, CBS Records
 Stanley Turrentine - 'Don't Mess With Mister T.' - 1973, CTI Records, Epic
 Stanley Turrentine - 'Easy Walker' - 1969, Blue Note
 Stanley Turrentine - 'Salt Song' - 1971, Sony
 Grover Washington Jr. - 'All The King's And Horses' - 1992, Motown
 Grover Washington Jr. - 'Soul Box' - 1973, Motown
 Grover Washington Jr. - 'The Best Of Grover Washington Jr.' - 1996, Motown

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  Последние изменения в документе сделаны 30/05/2016 16:50:11

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